Carso - Kras is an Italian wine-producing zone located in the provinces Trieste and Gorizia in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, on the border with Slovenia. It was classified as a Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) in 1985 and produces both red and white wine. It takes its name from the Carso plateau and covers 57 hectares. It has produced 1, 080 hl total 2013/2014, with an average of 11, 240 cases bottled annually.
Varieties and wine types
Traditionally, most of the red wine is produced from Terrano grapes, and the white wine primarily from Malvasia Istriana grapes. However, a number of international varieties are also in cultivation.
Carso DOC wine can be produced either as Carso Rosso, with a minimum of 70% Terrano and a maximum of 30% of other local grape varieties, such as Piccola nera, or as varietal Carso, with a minimum of 85% of the variety indicated and a maximum of 15% of other varieties allowed within the DOC zone. The following varietal Carso wines are allowed:
- Red wines
- Dry white wines
- Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Carso". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 141. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
- "Carso / Carso-Kras DOC »". Italian Wine Central. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 797 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2
- ItalianMade: Carso DOC: Map, Varieties and Types, accessed 2010-10-23