Castilleja parviflora

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Castilleja parviflora
Castilleja parviflora 21714.JPG
var. albida in the Mount Baker Wilderness
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Orobanchaceae
Genus: Castilleja
Species: C. parviflora
Binomial name
Castilleja parviflora

Castilleja parviflora is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name mountain Indian paintbrush. It is native to western North America from Alaska to California, where it grows in high mountain habitat, including areas of alpine climate.


This wildflower is a perennial herb up to about 40 centimeters tall and coated in glandular and nonglandular hairs. The leaves are a few centimeters long and lance-shaped to oblong. The inflorescence is made up of layers of bracts tipped in shades of pale yellow to bright red or pink. Between the bracts emerge the yellow-green, sometimes red-tinted, tubular flowers.


There are several varieties of Castilleja parviflora:

  • C. p. var. albida - limited to British Columbia and Washington
  • C. p. var. olympica (Olympic Indian paintbrush) - endemic to the Olympic Mountains of western Washington[1]
  • C. p. var. oreopola (Henry Indian paintbrush) - distributed from British Columbia to Oregon
  • C. p. var. parviflora - known from Alaska to California


External links[edit]

Media related to Castilleja parviflora at Wikimedia Commons