Catananche

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Catananche
Catananche caerulea4.jpg
Catananche caerulea
Scientific classification
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Catananche

Synonyms[1]

Catananche is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion family.[2][3] It is native to dry meadows in the Mediterranean region.[4]

They are cultivated for their cornflower-like blooms appearing in summer, in shades of blue, yellow and white. They are suitable for a sunny border, and for dried flower arrangements.[5]

Species[1]
  1. Catananche arenaria Coss. & Durieu - Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania
  2. Catananche caerulea L. - Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco
  3. Catananche caespitosa Desf. - Algeria, Morocco
  4. Catananche lutea L. - Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Greece, Macedonia, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco
  5. Catananche montana Coss. & Durieu - Algeria, Morocco

Phylogeny[edit]

According to recent genetic analyses, the genus Catananche is related to the genera Hymenonema, Scolymus and Gundelia. This results in the following relationship tree.[6]

subtribe Scolyminae

Gundelia

Catananche

Hymenonema

Scolymus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-12 at Archive.today
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 812-813 in Latin
  3. ^ Tropicos, Catananche L.
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Catananche
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  6. ^ Liveri, Eleni; Tomasello, Salvatore; Oberprieler, Christoph; Kamari, Georgia (June 2016), Cytological and phylogenetic study of the Greek endemic genus Hymenonema Cass. (Cichorieae, Compositae), retrieved 2016-11-09