Caudron J Marine

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J Marine
CaudronLaFoudre.jpg
Caudron Type J "Marine" seaplane being lifted on the Foudre in 1914
Role Reconnaissance Amphibian
Manufacturer Caudron
Designer René Caudron
First flight 1914
Primary user Marine Française
Number built 3

The Caudron J Marine was an amphibious, two-seat, biplane equipped with floats and wheels, simiar to the earlier Caudron J floatplane.

The Caudron J was essentially a seaplane version of the two-seat Caudron G and single-seat Caudron F. The F, G and J all fllowed a similar layout with 2½ bay biplane wings, a tail-unit, with single fin and rudder, supported on struts attached to the wings at the first inter-plane struts and a central fuselage nacelle housing the cockpit and mounting the tractor engine. Two main floats were strut-supported under the wings and a small tail-float attached to the tail-unit. Power was supplied by a 100 hp (75 kW) Anzani 10-cylinder radial engine.[1]

The three production Caudron J Marine were used by the French Navy (la Marine Française) for reconnaissance and artillery observation. On 8 May 1914, René Caudron flew the second example from a wooden platform erected over a gun turret, on the French Navy cruiser Foudre.[2] The first example was powered by a 100 hp (75 kW) Gnome 9 Delta rotary engine, with the remaining two powered by 80 hp (60 kW) Gnome 7 Lambda rotary engines.

Variants[edit]

Caudron J
The initial 1913 version of the Caudron floatplane with 15 m (49 ft) span and 100 hp (75 kW) Anzani 10-cyl radial. Winner of the Deauville contest in August 1913.[1]
Caudron J Marine
1914 production version of the Type J, with 3 examples purchased by the Marine Française[2]

Operators[edit]

 France

Specifications (variant specified)[edit]

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2, pilot and observer
  • Length: 8.05 m (26 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 40 m2 (430 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 510 kg (1,124 lb)
  • Gross weight: 730 kg (1,609 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C 9-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 60 kW (80 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 95 km/h (59 mph; 51 kn)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parmentier, Bruno (8 November 2016). "Caudron J". aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Parmentier, Bruno (8 November 2016). "Caudron J Marine". aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 21 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Davilla, Dr. James J.; Soltan, Arthur M. French aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press. p. 141. ISBN 1891268090.

External links[edit]