Caudron C.690

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Role Fighter trainer
Manufacturer Caudron
Designer Marcel Riffard
First flight 18 February 1936
Number built 19

The Caudron C.690 was single-seat training aircraft developed in France in the late 1930s to train fighter pilots to handle high-performance aircraft. It was a conventional low-wing cantilever monoplane that bore a strong resemblance to designer Marcel Riffard's racer designs of the same period. Caudron attempted to attract overseas sales for the aircraft, but this resulted in orders for only two machines - one from Japan, and the other from the USSR. In the meantime, the first of two prototypes was destroyed in a crash that killed René Paulhan, Caudron's chief test pilot.

Despite this, the Armée de l'Air eventually showed interest in the type, and ordered a batch of a slightly refined design. The first of these was not delivered until April 1939, and only 15 C.690Ms were supplied before the outbreak of war.


Single-seat fighter trainer aircraft. Four aircraft built.
Slightly refined version for the Armee de l'Air. Only 15 aircraft were built.


 Soviet Union

Specifications (C.690M)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 7.82 m (25 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.70 m (25 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 9.0 m2 (97 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 672 kg (1,482 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,050 kg (2,315 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 6Q-05, 164 kW (220 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 370 km/h (230 mph)
  • Range: 1,100 km (684 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 9,700 m (31,825 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 11 m/s (2,165 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Related lists


  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 240. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 891 Sheet 16.