|Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The Cavoodle (also known as a Cavapoo) is a crossbreed dog, the offspring of a Poodle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. The Cavoodle became especially popular through crossbreeding programs in Australia in the late 1990s. The Cavoodle has since become one of Australia's most popular breeds. They were bred to be healthy, outgoing, small dogs with low to non-shedding coats, who would get along well with children. They are a very popular dog in Australia due to their exceptional temperaments, robustness and low-shed. The breed is also increasingly popular in the United Kingdom.
The Cavoodle is a cross between the Toy or Miniature Poodle, and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and has characteristics of both. The Cavoodle has been bred to get along well with all types of human families; from the elderly to families with small children. It has a brown, blonde, white, black, gold and tawny hypoallergenic coat, round face, and long ears. There is some variation within the breed. Some puppies will lean more towards a Poodle-like appearance while others will favour the Cavalier in features. Colours are wide-ranging, including solid black, solid white, chestnut and white (Blenheim), white and tan (tri-colour), or gold all over.
The Cavoodle's temperament is gentle and loving. With an average height from 11–13" (28–33 cm), the breed is well-suited for companionship with small children or other small pets. They prefer the company of humans, and can become strongly attached to a specific owner. Cavoodles are intelligent, and respond better to gentle guidance than strong discipline. As young pups they will be very inquisitive with a short attention span, although they can learn house rules and expectations quickly if there is consistency in training.
Activity level and grooming
Cavoodles require only moderate exercise, making them suitable for a wide variety of owners. One short walk outside per day is all that is required to keep the breed healthy. In terms of grooming, they are considered a low-maintenance breed. If an owner prefers a longer coat, then a weekly brushing may be required to keep the coat healthy and shiny. Without regular brushing, their hair can get knotted.
Health and lifespan
The Cavoodle has a typical lifespan of around 13–15 years. Either a toy poodle or a miniature poodle may be used for breeding purposes, however it is believed that using a miniature poodle is superior due to the health issues associated with the toy. Breeders may attempt to breed out known genetic complications such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy using DNA testing. Other conditions that may arise in Cavoodles include congenital heart defects and slipping kneecaps.