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Cavill family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arthur "Tums" Cavill, circa 1909

The Cavill family of Australia is known for its significant contributions to the development of the sport of swimming.[1][2]

Prominent family members in the sport include Frederick Cavill (1839-1927),[3] sons Ernest Cavill (1868-1935), Charles Claude Cavill (1870 - 1897),[4] Percy Frederick Cavill (1875-1940), Arthur Rowland Channel (Tums) Cavill (1877 - 1914),[4][5][6] who is credited by sports journalist W.F. Corbett with originating the Australian crawl stroke, which now predominates in "freestyle" swimming races; and Sydney St. Leonards Cavill ("Sid") (1881 - 1945),[7] was the originator of the butterfly stroke.[8] Youngest son Richmond (Dick) Theophilus Cavill (1884-1938)[3] was the first to use the crawl in a competition, winning 100 yards State championship in 1899; and in England, in 1902, he was the first to swim 100 yards in under a minute.[9]

Six members of the family were jointly inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1970.[10]

The three daughters, Madeline Cavill, Fredda Cavill and Alice Cavill [11] were all accomplished swimmers and swimming instructors.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Royal Family of Swimming Archived 2012-11-02 at the Wayback Machine, Reader's Digest (Australian edition), Retrieved 21 September 2012
  2. ^ Allen, Geoff (26 March 1961). The saga of the swimming Cavills, The Sydney Morning Herald
  3. ^ a b Williams, J.G. "Cavill, Frederick (1839–1927)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-522-84459-7. ISSN 1833-7538. OCLC 70677943. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b Osmond, Gary (2009). "Forgetting Charlie and Tums Cavill: social memory and Australian swimming history". Journal of Australian Studies. 33 (1): 93–107. doi:10.1080/14443050802672569. S2CID 144775663.
  5. ^ (13 March 1914). "Tums" Cavill (obituary), Northern Advocate
  6. ^ (2 March 1914). Cavill Freezes While Swimming: Champion Swimmer Was Unable to Stand Shock of Puget Sound Water, Spokane Daily Chronicle
  7. ^ (5 May 1945). Sid Cavill Dies, Reading Eagle
  8. ^ "The Cavill Family". ISHOF. Retrieved 9 December 2023.
  9. ^ "Cavill, Richmond Theophilus (Dick) (1884–1938)". Cavill, Richmond Theophilus (Dick) (1884 - 1938) Biographical Entry - Australian Dictionary of Biography Online. Adbonline.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  10. ^ The Cavill Family (AUS) - 1970 Honor Contributors Archived 2007-11-04 at the Wayback Machine, International Swimming Hall of Fame website, Retrieved 21 September 2012
  11. ^ Osmond, Gary (2012). "Swimming Her Own Course: Agency in the Professional Swimming Career of Alice Cavill". The International Journal of the History of Sport. 29 (3): 385–402. doi:10.1080/09523367.2012.659727. S2CID 143975048.