Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal
|Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal|
|Location||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Care system||Public (RAMQ)|
|Affiliated university||Université de Montréal|
|Emergency department||Level II trauma center|
|Lists||Hospitals in Canada|
The Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM, transliterated as Montreal University Health Centre) is one of two major healthcare networks in the city of Montreal, Quebec. It is a teaching institution affiliated with the French-language Université de Montréal. The CHUM is one of the largest hospitals in Canada; a public not-for-profit corporation, it receives most of its funding from Quebec taxpayers through the Ministry of Health and Social Services as mandated by the Canada Health Act. The CHUM's primary mission is to provide inpatient and ambulatory care to its immediate urban clientele and specialized and ultraspecialized services to the broader metropolitan and provincial population. Its mandate also includes pure and applied research, teaching, and the evaluation of medical technology and best healthcare practices.
Current facilities and operations
The CHUM was founded in 1995 through the merger of three hospitals : the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the Hôpital Notre-Dame, and the Hôpital Saint-Luc. These sites now form interdependent components of the CHUM network; together, they field 1,259 beds and employ 330 managers, 881 physicians, 1,300 researchers and educators, 1,458 technicians, and 4,273 nurses. An additional 3,394 employees and 530 volunteers support the work of the main staff. Every year, more than 500,000 patients are admitted for care at the CHUM.
The Hôtel-Dieu, literally 'Hostel of God', is Canada's oldest healthcare institution, founded in 1645. Located on Saint Urbain Street near downtown Montreal, it currently functions as a full service teaching hospital and maintains an emergency room with level II trauma care capabilities. The hospital contains the CHUM's advanced palliative care departments, and offers specialized and ultraspecialized acute and chronic care in cardiology, pulmonology, and neurology. It is home to Canada's largest and busiest burn and neuro-vascular units.
The Notre-Dame hospital, located on Sherbrooke Street east of downtown, functions as a full service teaching hospital and maintains an emergency room with level II trauma care capabilities. The facility is home to the CHUM's gerontology, psychiatry, nephrology, ophthalmology, oncology and surgery departments, offering organ transplantation, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, neuro-oncology, radio-oncology, and uro-oncology services.
The Saint-Luc hospital, located at the intersection of Saint Denis Street and René Lévesque Boulevard in one of the poorest areas of Montreal, functions as a full service teaching hospital and maintains an emergency room with advanced level I trauma care capabilities. The hospital is home to the CHUM's geriatrics, endocrinology, dermatology, hepatology, gastroenterology, gynecology, and social services departments.
Ever since its creation in 1995, the CHUM was intended as a single-site hospital, however, numerous delays in the project meant that it had to function for two decades as an inefficient network of three hospitals in close proximity to each other. The government of Quebec finally decided on a location for the new mega-hospital in 2005, and construction began in 2010 with an estimated price-tag of over two billion dollars. Between 2016 and 2018, the Hôtel-Dieu and Notre-Dame hospitals will progressively transfer their staff and patients to the new hospital before closing. The Saint-Luc hospital will be the last to close once the new hospital is fully functional; it will then be demolished to make place for additional buildings. The entire project is scheduled to be completed in 2019.
The long and troubled history of the CHUM superhospital began in 1999, when then-health minister Pauline Marois announced that the megaproject would go ahead for a price tag of 700 million dollars and be built at 6000, Saint Denis Street, the site of a major bus depot. In 2003, the incoming Liberal government of Jean Charest questioned this decision and launched a commission presided by Daniel Johnson and Brian Mulroney to study other sites. In 2004, the commission recommended that the hospital be instead built on the 1000, Saint Denis site adjacent to the existing Saint-Luc hospital. That same year however, many prominent Québécois, led by Université de Montréal rector Robert Lacroix and former Premier Lucien Bouchard, publicly pushed for the hospital to be built on the site of the Outremont rail yard, leading to a media controversy and new delays. Finally, on 24 March 2005, the government announced its final decision : the megahospital would be built adjacent to the Saint-Luc hospital, as per the recommendation of the commission.
The new CHUM is now under construction as a major expansion of the existing facilities at Hôpital Saint-Luc, next to Viger Square. Work began in 2010 with Phase 1, the new CHUM research centre and integrated training centre set to be completed in early 2014. Phase 2, the main hospital, is expected to be completed in 2016; the 268,000 m2 (2,880,000 sq ft) building will achieve LEED Silver certification and feature a full ambulatory care centre with 772 beds and 39 operating rooms. Phase 3, the administrative buildings, is expected to be completed in 2019.
- McGill University Health Centre, the other major hospital network in Montreal and one of only two bilingual hospitals in the province;
- Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine, one of the largest children's hospital in North America, affiliated to the Université de Montréal;
- Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, the second-largest hospital in the city and the province, also affiliated to the Université de Montréal.
- (French) "Rapport annuel du CHUM, 2011". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Departements et Services". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Nouveau CHUM - Phasage". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Une chronologie du CHUM". Radio-Canada. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Recherche et enseignement". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Un hôpital complet". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- (French) "Les bâtiments adjacents". CHU Montréal. Retrieved 20 January 2013.