Chāquán

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Chāquán
查拳
Also known as Chuan Na Cha Quan, Chuan Na Quan, Cha Fist
Focus Striking, weapons training
Country of origin China China
Creator Sha Da Chuan (attributed as founder)
Xiu Yi-Qian (developed the art)
Famous practitioners Wang Zi-Ping
Zhang Wenguang
Ma Jinbiao
Liu Hongchi
Parenthood Tai chi Yuan Gong
Olympic sport Wushu (sport)

Chāquán (Chinese: 查拳; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhāquán) is a Chinese martial art that features graceful movements and some acrobatic aerial maneuvers. Chāquán also includes a large range of weapons.

Chāquán falls under the classification Chángquán (literally "long fist"), a general term for external Northern Chinese martial arts, which are known for their extended, long movements.

Sha Da Chuan founded the art by developing it from his teacher, Wang Yue Qun's Tai chi Yuan Gong style. Later Xu Yi Qian learn the Tai chi Yuan Gong of Sha Da Chuan's lineage from Li Xue Qun by further adding more movements into the art. Then it was named Chuan Na Cha Quan, and later changed to Chuan Na Quan but the system is basically Chaquan.[1] Chāquán is associated with the Hui people. One famous master of Chaquan was the famous Wang Zi-Ping (Chinese: 王子平), who was known for his great strength.[2] Other famous modern day masters include Zhang Wenguang, Ma Jinbiao,[3] and Liu Hongchi.

Chāquán is one of the sources of the contemporary wǔshù Chángquán often seen in movies and tournaments. Chaquan is a system that has 6 main weapons (staff, saber, sword, spear, kwandao, hookswords). It emphasizes long range movements and stances combined with speed and power. The style includes many forms, including 10 lines of tantui for basic power training, 10 longer sets of chaquan, and other forms as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brian Kennedy & Elizabeth Guo (2007). Chinese Martial Arts Training Manuals: A Historical Survey. Blue Snake Books. ISBN 1-5839-4194-0. 
  2. ^ John E. Young, PhD (2016). Learning of the Way (Daoxue):: Self-Cultivation Through Neo-Confucian Learning, Kungfu, and Martial Arts. Archway Publishing. ISBN 1-4808-3049-6. 
  3. ^ Guangxi Wang (2012). Chinese Kung Fu. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-5211-8664-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wu Bin, Li Xingdong e Yu Gongbao, Essentials of Chinese Wushu, Foreign languages press, Beijing, 1992, ISBN 7-119-01477-3
  • Carmona José, De Shaolin à Wudang, les arts martiaux chinois, Gui Trenadiel editeur. ISBN 2-84445-085-7

External links[edit]