Chāquán

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Chāquán
查拳
Also known asChuan Na Cha Quan, Chuan Na Quan, Cha Fist
FocusStriking, weapons training
Country of originChina China
CreatorSha Da Chuan (attributed as founder)
Xiu Yi-Qian (developed the art)
Famous practitionersWang Zi-Ping
Zhang Wenguang
Ma Jinbiao
Liu Hongchi
ParenthoodTai chi Yuan Gong
Olympic sportWushu (sport)

Chāquán (Chinese: 查拳; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhāquán) is a Chinese martial art that features graceful movements and some acrobatic aerial maneuvers. Chāquán also includes a large range of weapons.

Chāquán falls under the classification Chángquán (literally "long fist"), a general term for external Northern Chinese martial arts, which are known for their extended, long movements.

The style is associated with the Hui people and related to the Turkic people from Central Asia. In the legend, a Turkic warrior named "Zha Mi-Er" (maybe Sameer; Chinese:查密爾) from current Xinjiang or Central Asia passed down this martial art to the Chinese locals in the current Xandong province during the late Ming dynasty. One famous master of Chaquan was the famous Wang Zi-Ping (Chinese: 王子平), who was known for his great strength.[1] Other famous modern day masters include Zhang Wenguang, Ma Jinbiao,[2] and Liu Hongchi.

Chāquán is one of the sources of the contemporary wǔshù Chángquán often seen in movies and tournaments. Chaquan is a system that has 6 main weapons (staff, saber, sword, spear, kwandao, hookswords). It emphasizes long range movements and stances combined with speed and power. The style includes many forms, including 10 lines of tantui for basic power training, 10 longer sets of chaquan, and other forms as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John E. Young, PhD (2016). Learning of the Way (Daoxue):: Self-Cultivation Through Neo-Confucian Learning, Kungfu, and Martial Arts. Archway Publishing. ISBN 1-4808-3049-6.
  2. ^ Guangxi Wang (2012). Chinese Kung Fu. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-5211-8664-1.

Further reading[edit]

  • Wu Bin, Li Xingdong e Yu Gongbao, Essentials of Chinese Wushu, Foreign languages press, Beijing, 1992, ISBN 7-119-01477-3
  • Carmona José, De Shaolin à Wudang, les arts martiaux chinois, Gui Trenadiel editeur. ISBN 2-84445-085-7

External links[edit]