|• Body||Town Committee|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||AS 06|
Chabua (IPA: /tʃəˈbʊə/ or /tʃəˈbwɑː/) is a town and a town area committee in Dibrugarh district in the state of Assam, India. Chabua is situated in between Dibrugarh town and Tinsukia town on NH-37 30 km and 20 km away from both the district towns respectively. It is basically named because the first tea in Asia was planted in Chabua.
Chabua is located at  It has an average elevation of 106 metres (347 feet)..
As of 2011[update] India census, Chabua had a population of 77230. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chabua has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 83% and female literacy of 72%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
In the early 1820s, the British East India Company began large-scale production of tea in Assam, India, of a tea variety traditionally brewed by the Singpho tribe. In 1826, the British East India Company took over the region from the Ahom kings through the Yandaboo Treaty. In 1837, the first English tea garden was established at Chabua in Upper Assam; in 1840, the Assam Tea Company began the commercial production of tea in the region, run by indentured servitude of the local inhabitants. Beginning in the 1850s, the tea industry rapidly expanded, consuming vast tracts of land for tea plantations. By the turn of the century, Assam became the leading tea-producing region in the world. The word Chabua consist of two words: chah which means "tea" and bua which means plantation. Later on, Chahbua became Chabua and the place got its name.
During World War II, Chabua Air Force Station was constructed on the outskirts of the town. Chabua airfield was one of the largest bases used by the USAAF Air Transport Command to ferry supplies and personnel across The Hump to China in World War II. Chabua was headquarters for both the Assam and Bengal Wings of the India-China Division, ATC; and the operating base for the flying squadron of the 1333rd AAF Base Unit.
The country's eastern sector bordering China got fortified on 8 March 2011, with the induction of the Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter aircraft at the Chabua Air Force Station. The initiation was done through a symbolic ceremony with the inaugural flight of the Sukhoi Su-30MKI taking off from here. It also performed an overshoot before landing. Chabua is the second airbase in the northeast after Tezpur to house the Sukhois, capable of striking targets inside China with a cruising speed range of 3,200 km, which can be more than doubled with mid-air refuelling by IL-78 aircraft.
Education and research
Chabua has many educational institutions:
- DDR College, Chabua
- Chabua Junior College, Chabua
- Purvajyoti Academy
- NEEI, Chabua
- Assam Vidyapith H.S. School.
- Jatiya Vidyalay, Chabua
- Little Angel School, Chabua
- Montfort High school, Chabua
- Rashtriya Hindi Vidyalaya HE School, Est.-1952
- Bastuhara Vidyalaya H.E school.
- Dinjoy H.M.H.S. School
- Paragon M.G Academy,Chabua
Health & Medical services
- Referral Hospital & Research Centre
- ST. Lukes Hospital,
- Rural Health & Training Centre, Chabua, supervised by Assam Medical College
- Model hospital chabua
- Birthplace of Julie Christie, actress (b. 1940)
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chabua Archived 3 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2008-10-06.