Tinsukia

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Tinsukia
town
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
Nickname(s): 
Commercial Hub of Assam
Tinsukia is located in Assam
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Location in Assam, India
Tinsukia is located in India
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Tinsukia (India)
Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367
Country India
StateAssam
RegionUpper Assam
DistrictTinsukia
No. Of Wards20
Established1889
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyTinsukia Municipal Board
 • ChairmanSri Jayanta Baruah, BJP
 • Deputy CommissionerSri Pawar Narsing Sambhaji, IAS
 • Superintendent Of PoliceSri Debojit Deuri, APS
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
 • Rank7th in Assam
Elevation
116 m (381 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total126,389
 • Rank7th in Assam
 • Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tinsukian
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
7861XX
Telephone code91-374
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-23
Sex Ratio910 ♀️/ 1000 ♂️
ClimateCwa
Official LanguageAssamese
Literacy RateIncrease 89.03% high
Lok Sabha ConstituencyDibrugarh
Vidhan Sabha ConstituencyTinsukia, Digboi, Doom Dooma, Sadiya, Margherita
Websitewww.tinsukia.nic.in

Tinsukia (Pron: ˌtɪnˈsʊkiə) is an industrial town. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north-east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh.

It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India.

History[edit]

During the reign of Sudangphaa (1397-1407), the relatively small Ahom kingdom was attacked by Mong Kawng, a Shan state in what is today Upper Burma. A Mong Kwang army sent under General Ta-chin-Pao advanced upto Tipam but was subsequently defeated and pushed back as far as the Kham Jang territory.[3] The generals of the two armies conducted a peace treaty on the shore of the Nong Jake lake and in accordance with the Tai custom dipped their hands in the lake, fixing the boundary of the two kingdoms at Patkai hills.[3]

Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital of the Matak kingdom which was founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha.[4]

Coin issued by Sarbananda Singha

Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, known as Mezara, was a member of the erstwhile Chutia royal family and rose to become an able administrator.[5] Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after he became the king. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins in his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins.

Geography[edit]

Tinsukia is located at 27°30′N 95°22′E / 27.5°N 95.37°E / 27.5; 95.37.[6] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Tinsukia had a population of 126,389.[7] Males constituted 55% of the population and females 45%. Tinsukia had an average literacy rate of 70.15%, higher than the national average of 64.84%; male literacy was 77.89%, and female literacy 63.54%. 13.29% of the population was under 6 years of age.[8]

Languages spoken in Tinisukia city (2011)[9]

  Hindi (31.72%)
  Bengali (30.42%)
  Assamese (19.59%)
  Nepali (1.73%)
  Others (16.54%)

Tinisukia city have a population of 126,389 as per 2011 census. Hindi is spoken at 40,087, Bengali at 38,452, Assamese by 24,762 people, Nepali at 2,194 and 13,548 people speaks other languages.[10]

Politics[edit]

Tinsukia is part of Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[11] Sanjoy Kishan of BJP is the current MLA of Tinsukia (Vidhan Sabha constituency).

Media[edit]

The Assamese daily Dainik Janambhumi is published from Tinsukia along with Guwahati and Jorhat.

Notable people from Tinsukia[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Tinsukia City".
  2. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=298235[dead link]
  3. ^ a b Phukan 1991, p. 891.
  4. ^ "Tinsukia". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  5. ^ "The Buruk-Chutiyas, according to P. Saikia are the direct descendants of the Chutia royal family. Sarbananda Singha, the rulers of the Mataks is said to be a Buruk-Chutiya by caste."(Dutta 1985:31)
  6. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tinsukia
  7. ^ "Census of India / Assam / Tinsukia". Census of India. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Census Of India". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  9. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  10. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  11. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.

References[edit]

  • Phukan, J. N. (1991). "Relations of the Ahom kings of Assam with those of Mong Mao (in Yunnan, China) and of Mong Kwang (Mogaung in Myanmar)". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 52: 888–893. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44142722.
  • Dutta, Sristidhar (1985), The Mataks and their Kingdom, Allahabad: Chugh Publications

External links[edit]