Tinsukia

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Tinsukia district.
Tinsukia
তিনিচুকীয়া
City of Ponds
City
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
Tinsukia is located in Assam
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Tinsukia is located in India
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Location in Assam, India
Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367
Country  India
State Assam
District Tinsukia
Government
 • Body Tinsukia Municipality Board
Elevation 116 m (381 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 99,448
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 786125
Telephone code 91-374
Vehicle registration AS -23
Website www.tinsukia.nic.in

Tinsukia (Pron: ˌtɪnˈsʊkiə) (Assamese: তিনিচুকীয়া) is a city and municipal board in Tinsukia district, Assam, India. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh.

It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India. It contains a mixture of Assamese, and Hindi- speaking people. New malls and buildings are being constructed.

Tinsukia deals in agricultural products such as tea, oranges, ginger, citrus fruits and paddy. It also contains the state's largest railway junction.

History[edit]

Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital city of the Muttack Kingdom which was founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha.[2]

Coin issued by Sarbananda Singha

Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, known as Mezara, rose to become an able administrator. Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after he became the King. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins after his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins.

As instructed by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah alies Godha dug a triangular pond which is known as Tinikunia Pukhuri. In 1884 a station was constructed near this pond, when the Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was laid, which was named as Tinsukia. Since then it has been known as Tinsukia.

Geography[edit]

Tinsukia is located at 27°30′N 95°22′E / 27.5°N 95.37°E / 27.5; 95.37.[3] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).

National protected area[edit]

Climate[edit]

Tinsukia has a humid subtropical climate with summer, winter and monsoon forming the seasonal cycle. Summer in Tinsukia are typically during the months of March–May, and these months experience a maximum temperature of around 31 °C and a minimum of 24 °C. Rain showers are common during the summer months, and humidity is normally at its highest during this season. the monsoon months in Tinsukia are the months of June–September bringing heavy rainfall. The temperature in the region during winter, which occurs from October to February, ranges from a maximum of 24 °C to a minimum of 11 °C(min).

Trade and commerce[edit]

A view of GNB Road and Ranghar Complex

The district is known for its tea production, and wood related products like Kitply, Merino Ply, and National Ply. Chamber Road, situated at the centre of the town, is the traditional business hub. Besides the wood industry, businesses dealing in garments, electronics, hardware for tea industry form the commercial base of the city.

Demographics[edit]

According to the India census, Tinsukia had a population of 1,25,216.[4] Males constituted 55% of the population and females 45%. Tinsukia had an average literacy rate of 70.15%, higher than the national average of 64.84%: male literacy was 77.89%, and female literacy 63.54%. 13.29% of the population was under 6 years of age.[5]

Transportation[edit]

ASTC Bus Stand
A View of the New Tinsukia Railway junction at Night
Road

Tinsukia is connected by air, national highway and railway. It is 492 km by road from Guwahati. Buses from ASTC and other private operators conneceted the town with Guwahati and other places. Local transportation is facilitated by auto-rickshaws and mini vans, with rickshaws being the primary mode of transportation.

Air

The nearest airport is Dibrugarh Airport at Mohanbari, Dibrugarh which is about 40 km from Tinsukia with daily flights to Delhi, Guwahati and Kolkata.

Rail

Tinsukia falls under Northeast Frontier Railway of Indian Railways. It is also one of the divisional headquarters of NF Railway. The New Tinsukia railway station connects the city with rest of the country through notable trains like Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Kamrup Express, Avadh Assam Express, Kamakhya - Ledo Inter City Express etc. It is an A category railway station in Northeast Frontier railway under Tinsukia railway division. It has another station called Tinsukia Junction which is the old one.

Notable places[edit]

The Dibru Saikhowa National Park, adjacent to the city is a national park of India and is considered an important Biodiversity Hotspot in India.[citation needed] The Brahmaputra is at the northern border and the Dibru river at the southern, and the park is an island with feral horses, endangered White-winged Wood ducks and Hoolock Gibbons. Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary is about 6 km from Tinsukia. It is famous for different species of primates including the endangered Hoolock Gibbon. Maguri Beel is used for birdwatching.

The Shiv Dham is a temple of Lord Shiva with a pond in the middle. The pond constitutes of over 1000 fishes and few turtles. Devotees are often seen praying to the Gods and feeding these fishes. The Tilinga Mandir (bell temple), located at Bordubi, about 9 kilometer from Tinsukia, is another famous Shiva temple. This temple is known for its numerous bells (tilinga) tied on the branches of a giant peepal tree by devotees whose wishes made at this temple are believed to have been fulfilled. The area also has Tea Estates. Marut Nandan Kanan Park is also a tourist attraction.

A View of Shiv Dham
Tilinga Mandir
A view of the Railway Heritage Park of Tinsukia

Some attractions of Tinsukia and its surrounding places are:

  1. The Railway Heritage Museum of North East India is at Tinsukia.
  2. The Dibru Saikhowa National Park is a biological hotspot of India.
  3. The largest Railway Junction in Assam is at Tinsukia
  4. Asia's oldest oil-refinery, The Digboi Refinery is located a few kilometers from the city of Tinsukia at Digboi.
  5. The incredible Hindu Temple, The Bell Temple or Tilinga Mandir is at Tinsukia
  6. The Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary, which is about a distance of 6 km.
  7. The start point of the historical Stilwell Road, also known as Ledo Road, is connected.

Politics[edit]

Tinsukia is part of Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

Media[edit]

Assamese daily Dainik Janambhumi published from Tinsukia along with Guwahati and Jorhat.

Communication[edit]

Tinsukia has landline, mobile and internet connectivity. Internet connectivity through wireless datacards and Broadband is available. The major cellular service providers are Airtel, IDEA, BSNL, Aircel, Vodafone, Reliance, S Tel.

3G services are a recent addition to the city.

Sl No. Mobile Operator
1 BSNL[7]
2 Aircel[8]
3 Reliance[9]
4 Airtel[10]
5 Idea Cellular[11]
6 Vodafone[12]

Education[edit]

List of schools[edit]

  1. Our ABC Play House (Estd.1995)
  2. Kendra Vidyalaya Tinsukia
  3. St. Stephen's High School, Bordoloi Nagar
  4. Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya, Tinsukia
  5. Senairam High Secondary School (Estd. 1937)
  6. A New High School
  7. Guru Teg Bahadur Academy
  8. Our ABC Academy Borguri Court Tinali
  9. Bhagwat Vidyamandir High School, Sripuria
  10. Don Bosco High School, Tinsukia
    Don Bosco High School
  11. Hindi English High School
  12. Holy Child Girl's/Boy's High School
  13. Babies Nursery School
  14. Buds Nursery School
    Church at Don Bosco High School
  15. Budding Buds Sr. Sec. School [1]
  16. Hindustan Kendra Vidyalaya
  17. Pinewood School
  18. Bimala Prasad Chaliha Nagar School
  19. Aadarsha Parthomik School
  20. Sarbajanik Balika Vidyalaya
  21. Sarbajanik Hindi Balika Vidyalaya
    A view of Tinsukia Law College
  22. Saumarjyoti Vidyalaya
  23. Bengali Girls High School
  24. Shiksha-The Gurukul
  25. Railway High School
  26. Delhi Public School, Digboi
  27. Tinsukia Bangia Vidyalaya (H.S.)
  28. Borguri High School
  29. Tinsukia English Academy
  30. Jatiya Vidyalaya, Tinsukia
  31. Don Bosco Bible School
  32. Bhawti Bhagwan High Secondary School (Udyog Nagar)
  33. Omega English Academy (Udyog Nagar)
  34. Apple Bee Fun School (preschool)[13]
  35. Los Angeles English Academy, Bordubi
  36. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Tinsukia
  37. Tinsukia Railway High School
  38. Intel Kids Pre School Near Chaliha Bordoloi Nagar Namghar, Tinsukia
  39. Bachpan Play School[14]
  40. Kids Campus International Preschool

List of colleges[edit]

  1. Tinsukia College
  2. Women's College
  3. ACE College of Commerce
  4. G.S. Lohia Girl's College
  5. Pinewood Residential Jr. Sc. College
  6. B.B. Memorial Jr. College
  7. C.T. College
  8. Tinsukia Law College
  9. D.H. Memorial College (Sripuria)
  10. Tinsukia Commerce College (Sripuria)

List of Hospitals[edit]

  1. City Hospital & Research Center
  2. Life Line Hospital
  3. Jeevan Jyoti Hospital
  4. ESI Hospital
  5. Civil Hospital
  6. Dey's Nursing Home
  7. The Apollo Clinic
  8. Aditya Diagnostics and Hospital
  9. R.C. Agarwal Memorial Hospital & Research Centre, Makum Road, Near Thermal Gate
  10. Borthakur nursing home
  11. Pinewood Hospital, Subochoni Road, Tinsukia
  12. St.Luke's Hospital, Duliajan Road, Tinsukia

Urban Localities[edit]

  1. D.D. Market
  2. Chaliha Nagar
  3. Bordoloi Nagar
  4. Gelapukhuri
  5. Chamber Road
  6. GNB Road
  7. DM Lohia Road
  8. Parbotia
  9. Tamulbari
  10. Dhekia Juri
  11. Daily Bazaar
  12. Hijuguri
  13. Sripuria
  14. Borguri
  15. Khageswar Road
  16. New Colony
  17. Sripuria
  18. Subachani
  19. Development Area
  20. Makum Road
  21. Rangagora Road
  22. Durgabari
  23. Borpathar
  24. Professor Colony
  25. AT Road
  26. Chirwapatty
  27. Milan Pally
  28. Mission Para
  29. Shyama Pally
  30. Babupatty
  31. Tulsiram Road
  32. Nau-Pukhri
  33. Balugada
  34. Chinapatty
  35. Lal Bunglow Road
  36. Ananda nagar
  37. Panitola
  38. Jugipathar
  39. Govindapur

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]