Tinsukia

Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tinsukia
town
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
A view of the Tinikunia Pukhuri
Nickname: 
Commercial Hub of Assam
Tinsukia is located in Assam
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Location in Assam, India
Tinsukia is located in India
Tinsukia
Tinsukia
Tinsukia (India)
Coordinates: 27°30′00″N 95°22′01″E / 27.500°N 95.367°E / 27.500; 95.367
Country India
StateAssam
RegionUpper Assam
DistrictTinsukia
No. Of Wards20
Established1889
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyTinsukia Municipal Board
 • ChairmanSri Pabitra Gogoi, BJP
 • District CommissionerSri Swapneel Paul, IAS
 • Superintendent Of PoliceSri Gurav Abhijit Dilip, IPS
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
 • Rank7th in Assam
Elevation
116 m (381 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total126,389
 • Rank7th in Assam
 • Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
DemonymTinsukian
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
7861XX
Telephone code91-374
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-23
Sex Ratio910 ♀️/ 1000 ♂️
ClimateCwa
Official LanguageAssamese
Literacy RateIncrease 89.03% high
Lok Sabha ConstituencyDibrugarh
Vidhan Sabha ConstituencyTinsukia, Digboi, Doom Dooma, Sadiya, Margherita, Makum
Websitetinsukia.assam.gov.in

Tinsukia (Pron: ˌtɪnˈsʊkiə) is an industrial town. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north-east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh.Tinsukia serves as the headquarters of the Moran Autonomous Council, which is the governing council of the Morans (An indigenous tribal group found predominantly in the Tinsukia district and neighbouring Arunachal pradesh).

It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India.

History[edit]

During the reign of Sudangphaa (1397-1407), the relatively small Ahom kingdom was attacked by Mong Kawng, a Shan state in what is today Upper Burma. A Mong Kwang army sent under General Ta-chin-Pao advanced up to Tipam but was subsequently defeated and pushed back as far as the Kham Jang territory.[3] The generals of the two armies conducted a peace treaty on the shore of the Nong Jake lake and in accordance with the Tai custom dipped their hands in the lake, fixing the boundary of the two kingdoms at Patkai hills.[3]

Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital of the Matak kingdom which was founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha.[4]

Coin issued by Sarbananda Singha

Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, known as Mezara, was a member of the erstwhile Chutia royal family and rose to become an able administrator.[5] Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after he became the king. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins in his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins.

Geography[edit]

Tinsukia is located at 27°30′N 95°22′E / 27.5°N 95.37°E / 27.5; 95.37.[6] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Tinsukia (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
88.65%
Islam
9.61%
Sikhism
0.48%
Jainism
0.44%
Christianity
0.41%
Other or not stated
0.41%

According to the 2011 census, Tinsukia had a population of 116,322.[8] Males constituted 55% of the population and females 45%. Tinsukia had an average literacy rate of 70.15%, higher than the national average of 64.84%; male literacy was 77.89%, and female literacy 63.54%. 13.29% of the population was under 6 years of age.[9]

Languages spoken in Tinsukia (2011)[10]

  Hindi (34.46%)
  Bengali (33.05%)
  Assamese (21.29%)
  Bhojpuri (4.37%)
  Nepali (1.89%)
  Rajasthani (0.96%)
  Others (3.98%)

According to the 2011 census, 34.46% of the population spoke Hindi, 33.05% Bengali, 21.29% Assamese, 4.37% Bhojpuri, 1.89% Nepali and 0.96% Rajasthani as their first language.[10]

Politics[edit]

Tinsukia is part of Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[11] Sanjoy Kishan of BJP is the current MLA of Tinsukia (Vidhan Sabha constituency).

Media[edit]

The Assamese daily Dainik Janambhumi is published from Tinsukia along with Guwahati and Jorhat.

Notable people from Tinsukia[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "TMB | Tinsukia Municipality Board". www.tinsukiamb.org.in.
  2. ^ "Census of India: Search Details". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b Phukan 1991, p. 891.
  4. ^ "Tinsukia". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  5. ^ "The Buruk-Chutiyas, according to P. Saikia are the direct descendants of the Chutia royal family. Sarbananda Singha, the rulers of the Mataks is said to be a Buruk-Chutiya by caste."(Dutta 1985:31)
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tinsukia, India".
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Assam". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ "Census of India / Assam / Tinsukia". Census of India. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  9. ^ "Census Of India". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population By Mother Tongue: Assam (Town)". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  11. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.

References[edit]

  • Phukan, J. N. (1991). "Relations of the Ahom kings of Assam with those of Mong Mao (in Yunnan, China) and of Mong Kwang (Mogaung in Myanmar)". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 52: 888–893. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44142722.
  • Dutta, Sristidhar (1985), The Mataks and their Kingdom, Allahabad: Chugh Publications

External links[edit]