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Homage being paid to Babur, in 910 AH1504 CE, by Bāqī Chaghānyānī near the river Oxus (Daryā Āmū)

Chaghaniyan (Persian: چغانیان‎‎ Chaghāniyān) or al-Saghaniyan in the Arabic sources, was a historical region located on the right bank of the Oxus River, to the south of Samarkand.

In the late 7th and 8th centuries it was ruled by a local magnate, called in Persian sources the Chaghān-khudā.[1] These rulers were most likely of Iranian stock. Eventually the principality fell into the hands of the Muhtajids, who were vassals of the Samanids in the 10th century and of the Ghaznavids in the early 11th. When the Muhtajids disappeared, the history of the principality came to an end.


  1. ^ Edward J. Keall, Margaret A. Leveque, and Nancy Willson, "Qal'eh-i Yazdigird: Its Architectural Decorations," Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies (1980): 1-43, p. 1.