From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chakrulo (Georgian: ჩაკრულო, transliterated: chak'rulo) is a Georgian polyphonic choral folk song. It is a three-part song from the region of Kakheti, dramatising preparations for a battle.[1] It is characterised by two highly ornamented individual vocal parts over a choral foundation.[2]

When Georgian vocal polyphony was recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Heritage masterpiece in 2001, Chakrulo was cited as a prime example.[3] Chakrulo was one of 29 musical compositions included on the Voyager Golden Records that were sent into space on Voyager 2 on 20 August 1977 and Voyager 1 on 5 September 1977.[4][5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chakrulo". Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  2. ^ Tsitsishvili, Nino (1 June 2009). "National Ideologies in the Era of Global Fusions: Georgian Polyphonic Song as a UNESCO-sanctioned Masterpiece of Intangible Heritage". Music and Politics. III (1). doi:10.3998/mp.9460447.0003.104.
  3. ^ "Georgian polyphonic singing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector". UNESCO. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  4. ^ Gabrichidze, Manana (25 September 2014). "The Untold Story of How "Chakrulo" Ended Up in Space". Georgian Journal. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Voyager - The Interstellar Mission". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. NASA. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  6. ^ Sagan, Carl. Murmurs of Earth : the Voyager interstellar record. Random House. pp. 154, 204–205. ISBN 0394410475.