UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Distribution by countries

UNESCO established its lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage with the aim of ensuring the better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.[1] Through a compendium of the different oral and intangible treasures of humankind worldwide, the program aims to draw attention to the importance of safeguarding intangible heritage, which UNESCO has identified as an essential component and as a repository of cultural diversity and of creative expression.[2][3]

The list was established in 2008 when the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.

As of 2010 the programme compiles two lists. The longer Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity comprises cultural "practices and expressions [that] help demonstrate the diversity of this heritage and raise awareness about its importance." The shorter List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is composed of those cultural elements that concerned communities and countries consider require urgent measures to keep them alive.[4][5]

In 2013 four elements were inscribed on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, which helps States Parties mobilize international cooperation and assistance to ensure the transmission of this heritage with the participation of the concerned communities. The Urgent Safeguarding List now numbers 35 elements. The Committee[which?] also inscribed 25 elements on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which serves to raise awareness of intangible heritage and provide recognition to communities’ traditions and know-how that reflect their cultural diversity. The List does not attribute or recognize any standard of excellence or exclusivity. Four of the 158 States Parties to the Convention—Ethiopia, the Republic of Macedonia, Niger and Ukraine — had their first inscriptions on that List, which as of 2010 totalled 281 elements.[4]

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity[edit]

The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity contains intangible cultural heritage elements that "help demonstrate the diversity of [cultural] heritage and raise awareness about its importance".[6]

Member state Element[A] Year Proclaimed[B] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
 Albania Albanian folk iso-polyphony 2005 2008 ENA [7]
 Algeria Ahellil of Gourara 2005 2008 AST [8]
Rites and craftsmanship associated with the wedding costume tradition of Tlemcen 2012 AST [9]
Annual pilgrimage to the mausoleum of Sidi 'Abd el-Qader Ben Mohammed (Sidi Cheikh) 2013 AST [10]
Ritual and ceremonies of Sebeïba in the oasis of Djanet, Algeria 2014 AST [11]
Sbuâ, annual pilgrimage to the zawiya of Sidi El Hadj Belkacem in Gourara 2015 AST [12]
 Algeria
 Mali
 Niger
Practices and knowledge linked to the Imzad of the Tuareg communities of Algeria, Mali and Niger 2013 AFR, AST [13]
 Andorra
 Spain
 France
Summer solstice fire festivals in the Pyrenees 2015 ENA [14]
 Argentina Filete porteño in Buenos Aires, a traditional painting technique 2015 LAC [15]
 Argentina
 Uruguay
Tango 2009 LAC [16]
 Armenia Duduk and its music 2005 2008 ENA [17]
Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars 2010 ENA [18]
Performance of the Armenian epic of 'Daredevils of Sassoun' or 'David of Sassoun' 2012 ENA [19]
Lavash, the preparation, meaning and appearance of traditional bread as an expression of culture in Armenia 2014 ENA [20]
 Austria Schemenlaufen, the carnival of Imst, Austria 2012 ENA [21]
Classical horsemanship and the High School of the Spanish Riding School Vienna 2015 ENA [22]
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Mugham 2003 2008 APA [23]
Art of Azerbaijani Ashiq 2009 APA [24]
Traditional art of Azerbaijani carpet weaving in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2010 APA [25]
Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar, a long-necked string musical instrument 2012 APA [26]
Traditional art and symbolism of Kelaghayi, making and wearing women's silk headscarves 2014 APA [27]
Copper craftsmanship of Lahij 2015 APA [28]
 Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 APA [29]
 Bangladesh Baul songs 2005 2008 APA [30]
Traditional art of Jamdani weaving 2013 APA [31]
United Arab Emirates, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic Falconry, a living human heritage 2010 AFR, APA, AST, ENA [32]
 Belgium Carnival of Binche 2003 2008 ENA [33]
Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges 2009 ENA [34]
Aalst carnival 2010 ENA [35]
Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem 2010 ENA [36]
Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand, end-of-winter bread and fire feast at Geraardsbergen 2010 ENA [37]
Leuven age set ritual repertoire 2011 ENA [38]
Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse 2012 ENA [39]
Shrimp fishing on horseback in Oostduinkerke 2013 ENA [40]
 Belgium
 France
Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France 2005 2008 ENA [41]
 Belize
 Guatemala
 Honduras
 Nicaragua
Language, dance and music of the Garifuna 2001 2008 LAC [42]
 Benin
 Nigeria
 Togo
Oral heritage of Gelede 2001 2008 AFR [43]
 Bhutan Mask dance of the drums from Drametse 2005 2008 APA [44]
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Andean cosmovision of the Kallawaya 2003 2008 LAC [45]
Carnival of Oruro 2001 2008 LAC [46]
Ichapekene Piesta, the biggest festival of San Ignacio de Moxos 2012 LAC [47]
Pujllay and Ayarichi, music and dances of the Yampara culture 2014 LAC [48]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Zmijanje embroidery 2014 ENA [49]
 Brazil Oral and graphic expressions of the Wajapi 2003 2008 LAC [50]
Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of Bahia 2005 2008 LAC [51]
Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife 2012 LAC [52]
Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, Pará 2013 LAC [53]
Capoeira circle 2014 LAC [54]
 Bulgaria Bistritsa Babi, archaic polyphony, dances and rituals from the Shoplouk region 2005 2008 ENA [55]
Nestinarstvo, messages from the past: the Panagyr of Saints Constantine and Helena in the village of Bulgari 2009 ENA [56]
The tradition of carpet-making in Chiprovtsi 2014 ENA [57]
Surova folk feast in Pernik region 2015 ENA [58]
 Burkina Faso
 Mali
 Côte d'Ivoire
Cultural practices and expressions linked to the balafon of the Senufo communities of Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire 2012 AFR [59]
 Burundi Ritual dance of the royal drum 2014 AFR [60]
 Cambodia Royal ballet of Cambodia 2003 2008 APA [61]
Sbek Thom, Khmer shadow theatre 2005 2008 APA [62]
 Cambodia
 Philippines
 Republic of Korea
 Viet Nam
Tugging rituals and games 2015 APA [63]
 Central African Republic Polyphonic singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa 2003 2008 AFR [64]
 Chile Baile Chino 2014 LAC [65]
 China Kun Qu opera 2001 2008 APA [66]
Guqin and its music 2003 2008 APA [67]
Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang 2005 2008 APA [68]
Art of Chinese seal engraving 2009 APA [69]
China engraved block printing technique 2009 APA [70]
Chinese calligraphy 2009 APA [71]
Chinese paper-cut 2009 APA [72]
Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures 2009 APA [73]
Craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocade 2009 APA [74]
Dragon Boat festival 2009 APA [75]
Farmers' dance of China’s Korean ethnic group 2009 APA [76]
Gesar epic tradition 2009 APA [77]
Grand song of the Dong ethnic group 2009 APA [78]
Hua'er 2009 APA [79]
Manas 2009 APA [80]
Mazu belief and customs 2009 APA [81]
Nanyin 2009 APA [82]
Regong arts 2009 APA [83]
Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China 2009 APA [84]
Tibetan opera 2009 APA [85]
Traditional firing technology of Longquan celadon 2009 APA [86]
Traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paper 2009 APA [87]
Xi'an wind and percussion ensemble 2009 APA [88]
Yueju opera 2009 APA [89]
Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine 2010 APA [90]
Peking opera 2010 APA [91]
Chinese shadow puppetry 2011 APA [92]
Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacus 2013 APA [93]
 Mongolia
 China
Urtiin Duu, traditional folk long song 2005 2008 APA [94]
 Colombia Carnival of Barranquilla 2003 2008 LAC [95]
Cultural space of Palenque de San Basilio 2005 2008 LAC [96]
Carnaval de Negros y Blancos 2009 LAC [97]
Holy Week processions in Popayán 2009 LAC [98]
Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü’üi (palabrero) 2010 LAC [99]
Traditional knowledge of the jaguar shamans of Yuruparí 2011 LAC [100]
Festival of Saint Francis of Assisi, Quibdó 2012 LAC [101]
 Colombia
 Ecuador
Marimba music, traditional chants and dances from the Colombia South Pacific region and Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador 2015 LAC [102]
 Costa Rica Oxherding and oxcart traditions in Costa Rica 2005 2008 LAC [103]
 Côte d'Ivoire Gbofe of Afounkaha, the music of the transverse trumps of the Tagbana community 2001 2008 AFR [104]
 Croatia
Annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area 2009 ENA [105]
Festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik 2009 ENA [106]
Lacemaking in Croatia 2009 ENA [107]
Procession Za Krizen ('following the cross') on the island of Hvar 2009 ENA [108]
Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani 2009 ENA [109]
Traditional manufacturing of children’s wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje 2009 ENA [110]
Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale 2009 ENA [111]
Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia 2010 ENA [112]
Sinjska alka, a knights’ tournament in Sinj 2010 ENA [113]
Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia 2011 ENA [114]
Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland 2011 ENA [115]
Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia 2012 ENA [116]
 Cuba La Tumba Francesa 2003 2008 LAC [117]
 Cyprus Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika 2009 ENA [118]
Tsiattista poetic duelling 2011 ENA [119]
 Czech Republic Slovácko Verbuňk, recruit dances 2005 2008 ENA [120]
Shrovetide door-to-door processions and masks in the villages of the Hlinecko area 2010 ENA [121]
Ride of the Kings in the south-east of the Czech Republic 2011 ENA [122]
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Arirang folk song in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2014 APA [123]
Tradition of kimchi-making in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2015 APA [124]
 Dominican Republic Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella 2001 2008 LAC [125]
Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [126]
 Ecuador Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hat 2012 LAC [127]
 Ecuador
 Peru
Oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people 2001 2008 LAC [128]
 Egypt The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic 2003 2008 AST [129]
 Estonia Kihnu cultural space 2003 2008 ENA [130]
Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition 2009 ENA [131]
Smoke sauna tradition in Võromaa 2014 ENA [132]
 Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Baltic (Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian) song and dance celebrations 2003 2008 ENA [133]
 Ethiopia Commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ 2013 AFR [134]
Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival of the Sidama people 2015 AFR [135]
 France Aubusson tapestry 2009 ENA [136]
Maloya 2009 ENA [137]
Scribing tradition in French timber framing 2009 ENA [138]
Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identities 2010 ENA [139]
Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-making 2010 ENA [140]
Gastronomic meal of the French 2010 ENA [141]
Equitation in the French tradition 2011 ENA [142]
Fest-Noz, festive gathering based on the collective practice of traditional dances of Brittany 2012 ENA [143]
Limousin septennial ostensions 2013 ENA [144]
Gwoka: music, song, dance and cultural practice representative of Guadeloupean identity 2014 ENA [145]
 Gambia
 Senegal
Kankurang, Manding initiatory rite 2005 2008 AFR [146]
 Georgia Georgian polyphonic singing 2001 2008 ENA [147]
Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making method 2013 ENA [148]
 Greece Know-how of cultivating mastic on the island of Chios 2014 ENA [149]
Tinian marble craftsmanship 2015 ENA [150]
 Greece
 Italy
 Spain
 Morocco
 Portugal
 Croatia
 Cyprus
Mediterranean diet

(In 2010, Italy, Spain, Greece and Morocco were the first to be recognised, but on December 4, 2013, Portugal, Cyprus and Croatia were also recognised by UNESCO.)

2013 ENA, AFR [151]
 Guatemala Rabinal Achí dance drama tradition 2005 2008 LAC [152]
 Guinea Cultural space of Sosso-Bala 2001 2008 AFR [153]
 Hungary Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom 2009 ENA [154]
Folk art of the Matyó, embroidery of a traditional community 2012 ENA [155]
 India Koodiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre, Kerala 2001 2008 APA [156]
Mudiyett: a ritual theatre of Kerala 2010 APA [157]
The Tradition of Vedic Chanting 2003 2008 APA [158]
Ramlila – the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana 2005 2008 APA [159]
Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas 2009 APA [160]
Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010 APA [161]
Chhau dance: a tradition from eastern India 2010 APA
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 2012 APA [162]
Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur 2013 APA [163]
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab 2014 APA [164]
 Indonesia Wayang Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [165]
Indonesian Kris 2005 2008 APA [166]
Indonesian Batik 2009 APA [167]
Indonesian Angklung 2010 APA [168]
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Radif of Iranian music 2009 APA [169]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [170]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan 2010 APA [171]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars 2010 APA [172]
Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye 2010 APA [173]
Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals 2010 APA [174]
Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan 2010 APA [175]
Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān 2012 APA [176]
 Iraq The Iraqi Maqam 2003 2008 AST [177]
 Italy Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre 2001 2008 ENA [178]
Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs 2005 2008 ENA [179]
Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona 2012 ENA [180]
Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures 2013 ENA [181]
Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the "vite ad alberello" (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria 2014 ENA [182]
 Jamaica The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town 2003 2008 LAC [183]
 Japan Nôgaku Theatre 2001 2008 APA [184]
Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [185]
Kabuki Theatre 2005 2008 APA [186]
Akiu no Taue Odori 2009 APA [187]
Chakkirako 2009 APA [188]
Daimokutate 2009 APA [189]
Dainichido Bugaku 2009 APA [190]
Gagaku 2009 APA [191]
Hayachine Kagura 2009 APA [192]
Hitachi Furyumono 2009 APA [193]
Koshikijima no Toshidon 2009 APA [194]
Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo jofu: techniques of making ramie fabric in Uonuma region, Niigata Prefecture 2009 APA [195]
Oku-noto no Aenokoto 2009 APA [196]
Traditional Ainu dance 2009 APA [197]
Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival 2009 APA [198]
Kumiodori, traditional Okinawan musical theatre 2010 APA [199]
Yuki tsumugi, silk fabric production technique 2010 APA [200]
Mibu no Hana Taue, ritual of transplanting rice in Mibu, Hiroshima 2011 APA [201]
Sada Shin Noh, sacred dancing at Sada shrine, Shimane 2011 APA [202]
Nachi no Dengaku, a religious performing art held at the Nachi fire festival 2012 APA [203]
Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New Year 2013 APA [204]
Washi, craftsmanship of traditional Japanese hand-made paper[205] 2014 APA [206]
 Jordan The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum 2005 2008 AST [207]
 Kyrgyzstan The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers 2003 2008 APA [208]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [170]
 Lebanon Zajal, recited or sung poetry 2003 2014 APA [208]
 Lithuania Cross-crafting and its Symbolism 2001 2008 ENA [209]
Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs 2010 ENA [210]
 Luxembourg Hopping procession of Echternach 2010 ENA [211]
 Republic of Macedonia Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip 2013 ENA [212]
Kopachkata, a social dance from the village of Dramche, Pijanec 2014 ENA [213]
 Madagascar The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry 2003 2008 AFR [214]
 Malawi The Vimbuza Healing Dance 2005 2008 AFR [215]
Tchopa, sacrificial dance of the Lhomwe people of southern Malawi 2014 AFR [215]
 Malawi
 Mozambique
 Zambia
The Gule Wamkulu 2005 2008 AFR [216]
 Malaysia Mak Yong Theatre 2005 2008 APA [217]
 Mali The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal 2003 2008 AFR [218]
The Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan Fuga 2009 AFR
The septennial re-roofing ceremony of the Kamablon, sacred house of Kangaba 2009 AFR
Coming forth of the masks and puppets in Markala 2014 AFR
 Mexico The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead 2003 2008 LAC [219]
Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory 2009 LAC [220]
Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín 2009 LAC [221]
Traditional Mexican cuisine – ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm 2010 LAC [222]

[223]

Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo 2010 LAC [224]
Pirekua, traditional song of the Purépecha 2010 LAC [225]
Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet 2011 LAC [226]
 Moldova The Christmas Carols in masculine horde (shared with Romania) 2013 ENA
 Mongolia The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur 2003 2008 APA [227][228]
Traditional epic poem 2009
Tsuur end-blown flute 2009
The Traditional Naadam festival 2010 APA [229]
Falconry 2012 [230][231]
Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customs 2013 [227]
Mongolian knuckle-bone shooting 2014 APA [229]
 Mongolia
 China
Mongolian Urtiin Duu – Traditional Folk Long Song 2005 2008 APA [232]
Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei 2010 APA
 Morocco The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square 2001 2008 AST [233]
The Moussem of Tan-Tan 2005 2008 AST [234]
Argan, practices and know-how concerning the argan tree 2014 AST [234]
 Mozambique The Chopi Timbila 2005 2008 AFR [235]
 Mauritius Traditional Mauritian Sega 2014 AFR [235]
 Niger Practices and expressions of joking relationships in Niger 2014 AFR [236]
 Nicaragua El Güegüense 2005 2008 LAC [236]
 Nigeria The Ifá Divination System 2005 2008 AFR [237]
Ijele masquerade 2009 AFR
 Palestine The Palestinian Hikaye 2005 2008 AST [238]
 Peru Taquile and its Textile Art 2005 2008 LAC [239]
Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito 2010 LAC [240]
The scissors dance 2010 LAC [241]
Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i 2011 LAC [242]
Virgen de la Candelaria, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people 2014 LAC [243]
 Philippines The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao 2001 2008 APA [244]
The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao 2005 2008 APA [245]
 Portugal The Fado, urban popular song of Portugal, performance genre incorporating music and poetry widely practised in the country and among emigrant communities 2011 ENA [246]
The Cante Alentejano, polyphonic singing from Alentejo, southern Portugal 2014 ENA [247]
 Republic of Korea The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music 2001 2008 APA [248]
The Pansori Epic Chant 2003 2008 APA [249]
The Gangneung Danoje Festival 2005 2008 APA [250]
Cheoyongmu 2009 APA [251]
Ganggangsullae 2009 APA [252]
Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut 2009 APA [253]
Namsadang Nori 2009 APA [254]
Yeongsanjae 2009 APA [255]
Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture 2010 APA [256]
Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra 2010 APA [257]
Jultagi, tightrope walking 2011 APA [258]
Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art 2011 APA [259]
Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region 2011 APA [260]
Korean folk song Arirang 2012 APA [261]
Gimjang, kimchi making season 2013 APA [262]
Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of Korea 2014 APA [263]
 Romania The Căluș tradition 2005 2008 ENA [264]
Doina 2009 ENA
The Horezu ceramics 2012 ENA
The Christmas carols in masculine horde (shared with Moldova) 2013 ENA
Lad's dances 2015 ENA [265][266]
 Russia The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie 2001 2008 ENA [267]
The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos 2005 2008 ENA [268]
 Serbia Slava, celebration of family saint patron’s day 2014 ENA [269]
 Slovakia The Fujara and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [270]
 Spain The Mystery Play of Elche 2001 2008 ENA [271]
The Patum of Berga 2005 2008 ENA [272]
Irrigators' tribunals of the Spanish Mediterranean coast: the Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia and the Water Tribunal of the plain of Valencia 2009 ENA
Whistled language of the island of La Gomera 2009 ENA
Human towers 2010 ENA
Flamenco 2010 ENA
The chant of the Sybil on Majorca 2010 ENA
Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí 2011 ENA [273]
 Tonga The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga 2003 2008 APA [274]
 Turkey The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers 2003 2008 ENA [275]
The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony 2005 2008 ENA [276]
Karagöz and Hacivat 2009 ENA [277]
Âşıklık tradition 2009 ENA [278]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [279]
Traditional Sohbet meetings 2010 ENA [280]
Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival 2010 ENA [281]
Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual 2010 ENA [282]
Ceremonial Keşkek tradition 2011 ENA [283]
Mesir Macunu festival 2012 ENA [284]
Turkish coffee culture and tradition 2013 ENA [285]
Ebru, Turkish art of marbling 2014 ENA [286]
 Uganda Barkcloth Making in Uganda 2005 2008 AFR [287]
 Ukraine Petrykivka decorative painting as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian ornamental folk art 2013 ENA [288]
 Uruguay The Candombe and its socio-cultural space: a community practice 2009 LAC
 Uzbekistan The Cultural Space of the Boysun District 2001 2008 APA [289]
Shashmaqom Music 2003 2008 APA [290]
Katta Ashula 2009 APA
 Vanuatu Vanuatu Sand Drawings 2003 2008 APA [291]
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi 2012 LAC [292]
 Viet Nam Nhã nhạc, Vietnamese Court Music 2003 2008 APA [293]
The Space of Gong Culture 2005 2008 APA [294]
The Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs 2009 APA [295]
The Gióng Festival at Phù Đổng and Sóc Temples 2010 APA [296]
The Worship of Hùng Kings in Phú Thọ 2012 APA [297]
The Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Việt Nam 2013 APA [298]
The Ví and Giặm folk songs of Nghệ Tĩnh 2014 APA [299]
 Yemen The Song of Sana'a 2003 2008 AST [300]
 Zambia The Makishi Masquerade 2005 2008 AFR [301]
 Zimbabwe The Mbende Jerusarema Dance 2005 2008 AFR [302]

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding[edit]

The List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding contains intangible cultural heritage elements "that concerned communities and States Parties consider require urgent measures to keep them alive".[6]

This list is complete and up-to-date as of December 2015.
Member state Element[A] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
 Azerbaijan Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2013 ENA [303]
 Belarus Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) 2009 ENA [304]
 Botswana Earthenware pottery-making skills in Botswana's Kgatleng District 2012 AFR [305]
 Brazil Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order 2011 LAC [306]
 China Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridges 2009 APA [307]
Traditional Li textile techniques: spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroidering 2009 APA [308]
Qiang New Year festival 2009 APA [309]
Meshrep 2010 APA [310]
Watertight-bulkhead technology of Chinese junks 2010 APA [311]
Wooden movable-type printing of China 2010 APA [312]
Hezhen Yimakan storytelling 2011 APA [313]
 Colombia Traditional Vallenato music of the Greater Magdalena region 2015 LAC [314]
 Croatia Ojkanje singing 2010 ENA [315]
 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Glasoechko, male two-part singing in Dolni Polog 2015 ENA [316]
 France Cantu in paghjella, a secular and liturgical oral tradition of Corsica 2009 ENA [317]
 Guatemala Nan Pa'ch ceremony 2013 LAC [318]
 Hungary Táncház method in the teaching of traditional Hungarian folk dancing 2011 ENA [319]
 Indonesia Saman dance 2011 APA [320]
Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of Papua 2012 APA [321]
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling 2011 APA [322]
Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf 2011 APA [323]
 Kenya Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the Mijikenda 2009 AFR [324]
Isukuti dance of Isukha and Idakho communities of Western Kenya 2014 AFR [325]
 Kyrgyzstan Ala-kiyiz and Shyrdak, art of Kyrgyz traditional felt carpets 2012 APA [326]
 Latvia Suiti cultural space 2009 ENA [327]
 Mali Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the Sanké 2009 AFR [328]
Secret society of the Kôrêdugaw, the rite of wisdom in Mali 2011 AFR [329]
 Mauritania Moorish epic T'heydinn 2011 AST [330]
 Mongolia Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk dance 2009 APA [331]
Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epic 2009 APA [332]
Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances - circular breathing 2011 APA [333]
Mongolian calligraphy 2013 APA [334]
Coaxing ritual for camels 2015 APA [335]
 Peru Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people 2011 LAC [336]
 Portugal Manufacture of cowbells 2015 ENA [337]
 Uganda Bigwala, gourd trumpet music and dance of the Busoga Kingdom in Uganda 2012 AFR [338]
Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda 2013 AFR [339]
Male-child cleansing ceremony of the Lango of central northern Uganda 2014 AFR [340]
Koogere oral tradition of the Basongora, Banyabindi and Batooro peoples 2015 AFR [341]
 United Arab Emirates Al Sadu traditional weaving skills in the United Arab Emirates 2011 AST [342]
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territory 2014 LAC [343]
 Viet Nam Ca trù singing 2009 APA [344]
Xoan singing of Phú Thọ Province, Viet Nam 2011 APA [345]

Statistics[edit]

Ratification[edit]

States that ratified the Convention, by region:

Proclamation UNESCO Member States States Parties to the Convention  % States Parties – UNESCO Member States by region
Western Europe and North America 27 19 70%
Eastern Europe 25 24 96%
Latin America and Caribbean 33 29 88%
Asia and Pacific 44 31 75%
Africa 47 39 79%
Arab States 19 16 84%
TOTAL 195 158 80%

Elements inscribed in 2008–2013[edit]

Total of inscriptions to date: 337, of which 18 are multinational

Region Elements / programmes Submitting States
Africa 27 20
Arab States 19 13
Asia and the Pacific 132 17
Europe and North America 19 17[E]
Latin America and the Caribbean 48 18
Eastern Europe 55 20
Total 337 98

Proclaimed masterpieces[edit]

The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage were established in 2008, when the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.[346] Prior to this, a project known as the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity has already been active in recognizing the value of intangibles such as tradition, custom and cultural spaces and the local actors who sustain these forms of cultural expressions through a Proclamation.[2] Identification of the Masterpieces also entails the commitment of states to promote and safeguard these treasures, while UNESCO finances plans for their conservation.[2] Started in 2001 and held biennially until 2005, a total of three Proclamations occurred, encompassing 90 forms of intangible heritage around the world.[3]

The 90 previously proclaimed Masterpieces have been incorporated into the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as its first entries, to be known as elements.[1][347] Subsequent elements will be added following the assessment of nominations submitted by national governments acceding to the UNESCO Convention, termed as member states, who are each allowed to submit a single candidature file, in addition to multi-national candidatures. A panel of experts in intangible heritage and an appointed body, known as the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, then examine each of the nominations before officially inscribing the candidates as elements on the List.[348]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ A. Names and spellings used for the elements were based on the official List as published.
^ B. A total of three Proclamations of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity were made in 2001, 2003 and 2005. The proclamation was superseded in 2008 when the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was established.[349]
^ C. The 90 elements that were previously proclaimed as Masterpieces have been inscribed onto the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as per the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
^ D. Grouping of member states by region is based on the official List as published. Abbreviations were used for convenience:

  • AFR: Africa
  • AST: Arab States
  • APA: Asia and the Pacific
  • ENA: Europe and North America
  • LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean

^ F. The Transcaucasian States of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, and Russian Federation are included in the Europe and North America Region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Compare: "Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage 2003". UNESCO. Retrieved 2009-09-05. In order to ensure better visibility of the intangible cultural heritage and awareness of its significance, and to encourage dialogue which respects cultural diversity, the Committee, upon the proposal of the States Parties concerned, shall establish, keep up to date and publish a Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. 
  2. ^ a b c "UNESCO ISSUES FIRST EVER PROCLAMATION OF MASTERPIECES OF THE ORAL AND INTANGIBLE HERITAGE". UNESCO Press. 2001-05-18. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  3. ^ a b "The Samba of Roda and the Ramlila proclaimed Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". UNESCO Press. 2005-11-25. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  4. ^ a b "Intangible Heritage Lists". UNESCO Press. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  5. ^ "Criteria and timetable of inscription on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding". UNESCO Press. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  6. ^ a b "Purpose of the Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage and of the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  7. ^ "Albanian folk iso-polyphony - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  8. ^ "Ahellil of Gourara - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  9. ^ "Rites and craftsmanship associated with the wedding costume tradition of Tlemcen - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  10. ^ "Annual pilgrimage to the mausoleum of Sidi 'Abd el-Qader Ben Mohammed (Sidi Cheikh) - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  11. ^ "Ritual and ceremonies of Sebeïba in the oasis of Djanet, Algeria - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  12. ^ "Sbuâ, annual pilgrimage to the zawiya of Sidi El Hadj Belkacem in Gourara - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  13. ^ "Practices and knowledge linked to the Imzad of the Tuareg communities of Algeria, Mali and Niger - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  14. ^ "Summer solstice fire festivals in the Pyrenees". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  15. ^ "Filete porteño in Buenos Aires, a traditional painting technique". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  16. ^ "Tango - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  17. ^ "Duduk and its music - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  18. ^ "Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  19. ^ "Performance of the Armenian epic of 'Daredevils of Sassoun' or 'David of Sassoun' - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  20. ^ "Lavash, the preparation, meaning and appearance of traditional bread as an expression of culture in Armenia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  21. ^ "Schemenlaufen, the carnival of Imst, Austria - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  22. ^ "Classical horsemanship and the High School of the Spanish Riding School Vienna - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  23. ^ "Azerbaijani Mugham - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  24. ^ "Art of Azerbaijani Ashiq - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  25. ^ "Traditional art of Azerbaijani carpet weaving in the Republic of Azerbaijan - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  26. ^ "Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar, a long-necked string musical instrument - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  27. ^ "Traditional art and symbolism of Kelaghayi, making and wearing women's silk headscarves - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  28. ^ "Copper craftsmanship of Lahij - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  29. ^ "Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  30. ^ "Baul songs - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  31. ^ "Traditional art of Jamdani weaving - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  32. ^ "Falconry, a living human heritage - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  33. ^ "Carnival of Binche - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  34. ^ "Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  35. ^ "Aalst carnival - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  36. ^ "Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  37. ^ "Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand, end-of-winter bread and fire feast at Geraardsbergen - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  38. ^ "Leuven age set ritual repertoire - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  39. ^ "Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  40. ^ "Shrimp fishing on horseback in Oostduinkerke - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  41. ^ "Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  42. ^ "Language, dance and music of the Garifuna - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  43. ^ "Oral heritage of Gelede - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  44. ^ "Mask dance of the drums from Drametse - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  45. ^ "Andean cosmovision of the Kallawaya - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  46. ^ "Carnival of Oruro - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  47. ^ "Ichapekene Piesta, the biggest festival of San Ignacio de Moxos - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  48. ^ "Pujllay and Ayarichi, music and dances of the Yampara culture - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  49. ^ "Zmijanje embroidery - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  50. ^ "Oral and graphic expressions of the Wajapi - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  51. ^ "Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of Bahia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  52. ^ "Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  53. ^ "Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, Pará - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  54. ^ "Capoeira circle - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  55. ^ "Bistritsa Babi, archaic polyphony, dances and rituals from the Shoplouk region - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  56. ^ "Nestinarstvo, messages from the past: the Panagyr of Saints Constantine and Helena in the village of Bulgari - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  57. ^ "The tradition of carpet-making in Chiprovtsi - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  58. ^ "Surova folk feast in Pernik region - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  59. ^ "Cultural practices and expressions linked to the balafon of the Senufo communities of Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  60. ^ "Ritual dance of the royal drum". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  61. ^ "Royal ballet of Cambodia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  62. ^ "Sbek Thom, Khmer shadow theatre - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  63. ^ "Tugging rituals and games - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  64. ^ "Polyphonic singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  65. ^ "Baile Chino". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  66. ^ "Kun Qu opera - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  67. ^ "Guqin and its music - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  68. ^ "Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  69. ^ "Art of Chinese seal engraving - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  70. ^ "China engraved block printing technique - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  71. ^ "Chinese calligraphy - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  72. ^ "Chinese paper-cut - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  73. ^ "Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  74. ^ "Craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocade - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  75. ^ "Dragon Boat festival - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  76. ^ "Farmers' dance of China's Korean ethnic group - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  77. ^ "Gesar epic tradition - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  78. ^ "Grand song of the Dong ethnic group - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  79. ^ "Hua'er - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  80. ^ "Manas - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  81. ^ "Mazu belief and customs - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  82. ^ "Nanyin - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  83. ^ "Regong arts - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  84. ^ "Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  85. ^ "Tibetan opera - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  86. ^ "Traditional firing technology of Longquan celadon - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  87. ^ "Traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paper - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  88. ^ "Xi'an wind and percussion ensemble - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  89. ^ "Yueju opera - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  90. ^ "Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  91. ^ "Peking opera - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  92. ^ "Chinese shadow puppetry - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  93. ^ "Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacus - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  94. ^ "Urtiin Duu, traditional folk long song - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  95. ^ "Carnival of Barranquilla". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  96. ^ "Cultural space of Palenque de San Basilio". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  97. ^ "Carnaval de Negros y Blancos". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  98. ^ "Holy Week processions in Popayán". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  99. ^ "Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü'üi (palabrero)". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  100. ^ "Traditional knowledge of the jaguar shamans of Yuruparí". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  101. ^ "Festival of Saint Francis of Assisi, Quibdó". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  102. ^ "Marimba music, traditional chants and dances from the Colombia South Pacific region and Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  103. ^ "Oxherding and oxcart traditions in Costa Rica - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  104. ^ "Gbofe of Afounkaha, the music of the transverse trumps of the Tagbana community - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  105. ^ "Annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  106. ^ "Festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  107. ^ "Lacemaking in Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  108. ^ "Procession Za Krizen ('following the cross') on the island of Hvar - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  109. ^ "Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  110. ^ "Traditional manufacturing of children's wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  111. ^ "Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  112. ^ "Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  113. ^ "Sinjska Alka, a knights' tournament in Sinj - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  114. ^ "Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  115. ^ "Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  116. ^ "Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  117. ^ "La Tumba Francesa - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  118. ^ "Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika 
  119. ^ "Tsiattista poetic duelling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  120. ^ "Slovácko Verbuňk, recruit dances - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  121. ^ "Shrovetide door-to-door processions and masks in the villages of the Hlinecko area - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  122. ^ "Ride of the Kings in the south-east of the Czech Republic - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. 
  123. ^ "Arirang folk song in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  124. ^ "Tradition of kimchi-making in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  125. ^ "Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  126. ^ "Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  127. ^ "Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  128. ^ "Oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  129. ^ "The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  130. ^ "Kihnu cultural space". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  131. ^ "Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  132. ^ "Smoke sauna tradition in Võromaa". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  133. ^ "Baltic song and dance celebrations". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  134. ^ "Commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  135. ^ "Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival of the Sidama people". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  136. ^ "Aubusson tapestry". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  137. ^ "Maloya". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  138. ^ "Scribing tradition in French timber framing". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  139. ^ "Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identities". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  140. ^ "Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-making". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  141. ^ "Gastronomic meal of the French". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  142. ^ "Equitation in the French tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  143. ^ "Fest-Noz, festive gathering based on the collective practice of traditional dances of Brittany". unesco.org. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 
  144. ^ "Limousin septennial ostensions". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  145. ^ "Gwoka: music, song, dance and cultural practice representative of Guadeloupean identity". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  146. ^ "Kankurang, Manding initiatory rite". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  147. ^ "Georgian polyphonic singing". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  148. ^ "Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making method". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  149. ^ "Know-how of cultivating mastic on the island of Chios". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  150. ^ "Tinian marble craftsmanship". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  151. ^ "Mediterranean Diet". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  152. ^ "Rabinal Achí dance drama tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  153. ^ "Cultural space of Sosso-Bala". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  154. ^ "Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  155. ^ "Folk art of the Matyó, embroidery of a traditional community". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  156. ^ "Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  157. ^ "Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  158. ^ "The Tradition of Vedic Chanting". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  159. ^ "Ramlila – the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  160. ^ "Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  161. ^ "Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  162. ^ "Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  163. ^ "Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  164. ^ "Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  165. ^ "Wayang Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  166. ^ "Indonesian Kris". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  167. ^ "Indonesian Batik". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  168. ^ "Indonesian Angklung". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  169. ^ "The Radif of Iranian music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  170. ^ a b "Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  171. ^ "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  172. ^ "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  173. ^ "Ritual dramatic art of Ta'zīye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  174. ^ "Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  175. ^ "Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  176. ^ "Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  177. ^ "The Iraqi Maqam". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  178. ^ "Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  179. ^ "Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  180. ^ "Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  181. ^ "Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  182. ^ "Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the 'vite ad alberello' (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  183. ^ "The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  184. ^ "Nôgaku Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  185. ^ "Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  186. ^ "Kabuki Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  187. ^ "Akiu no Taue Odori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  188. ^ "Chakkirako". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  189. ^ "Daimokutate". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  190. ^ "Dainichido Bugaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  191. ^ "Gagaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  192. ^ "Hayachine Kagura". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  193. ^ "Hitachi Furyumono". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  194. ^ "Koshikijima no Toshidon". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  195. ^ "Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo-jofu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  196. ^ "Oku-noto no Aenokoto". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  197. ^ "Traditional Ainu dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  198. ^ "Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  199. ^ "Kumiodori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  200. ^ "Yuki-tsumugi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  201. ^ "Mibu no Hana Taue". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  202. ^ "Sada Shin Noh". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  203. ^ "Nachi no Dengaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  204. ^ "Washoku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  205. ^ Until 2014, there was an item titled "Sekishu-Banshi: papermaking in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture." It was merged with the current item due to the expansion of the range of elements.
  206. ^ "Washi, craftsmanship of traditional Japanese hand-made paper". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  207. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-02. 
  208. ^ a b "The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "akyns" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  209. ^ "Cross-crafting and its Symbolism". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  210. ^ "Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  211. ^ "Hopping procession of Echternach". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  212. ^ "Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23. 
  213. ^ "Kopachkata, a social dance from the village of Dramche, Pijanec". unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-12-23. 
  214. ^ "The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  215. ^ a b "The Vimbuza Healing Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved March 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  216. ^ "The Gule Wamkulu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  217. ^ "Mak Yong Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  218. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  219. ^ "The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  220. ^ "Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  221. ^ "Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  222. ^ "UNESCO declares Mexican Cuisine Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity". 
  223. ^ "Traditional Mexican cuisine – ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  224. ^ "Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  225. ^ "Pirekua, traditional song of the P'urhépecha". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  226. ^ "Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  227. ^ a b Mongolian Intangible Cultural Heritage - UNSECO
  228. ^ "The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  229. ^ a b "Naadam, Mongolian traditional festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  230. ^ UNESCO has inscribed falconry as a shared intangible heritage element of eleven countries, including Mongolia
  231. ^ unesco.org
  232. ^ "Urtiin Duu – Traditional Folk Long Song". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  233. ^ "The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  234. ^ a b "The Moussem of Tan-Tan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  235. ^ a b "The Chopi Timbila". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  236. ^ a b "El Güegüense". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  237. ^ "The Ifa Divination System". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  238. ^ "The Palestinian Hikaye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  239. ^ "Taquile and its Textile Art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  240. ^ "Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  241. ^ "The scissors dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  242. ^ "Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-07-05. 
  243. ^ "candelaria". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  244. ^ "The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  245. ^ "The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  246. ^ "Fado, urban popular song of Portugal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  247. ^ "Cante Alentejano, polyphonic singing from Alentejo, southern Portugal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  248. ^ "The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  249. ^ "The Pansori Epic Chant". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  250. ^ "The Gangneung Danoje Festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  251. ^ "Cheoyongmu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  252. ^ "Ganggangsullae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  253. ^ "Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  254. ^ "Namsadang Nori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  255. ^ "Yeongsanjae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  256. ^ "Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  257. ^ "Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  258. ^ "Jultagi, tightrope walking". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  259. ^ "Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  260. ^ "Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  261. ^ "UNESCO Puts 'Arirang' on Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  262. ^ "Kimchi-Making Culture Joins UNESCO Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  263. ^ "Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of Korea". UNESCO Culture Sector. November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  264. ^ "The Căluş tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  265. ^ "Lad's dances in Romania". UNESCO. 
  266. ^ Patricia Marinescu (3 December 2015). "Dansul românesc "Feciorescul de Ticuş", în lista patrimoniului cultural imaterial UNESCO". Mediafax. 
  267. ^ "The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  268. ^ "The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  269. ^ "Slava, celebration of family saint patron's day". 
  270. ^ "The Fujara and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  271. ^ "The Mystery Play of Elche". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  272. ^ "The Patum of Berga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  273. ^ "Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  274. ^ "The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  275. ^ "The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  276. ^ "Mevlevi Sema Ceremony". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  277. ^ "Karagöz and Hacivat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  278. ^ "Âşıklık (minstrelsy) tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  279. ^ "Nowruz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  280. ^ "Traditional Sohbet meetings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  281. ^ "Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  282. ^ "Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  283. ^ "Ceremonial Keşkek tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  284. ^ "Mesir Macunu festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  285. ^ "Turkish coffee culture and tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  286. ^ "Ebru, Turkish art of marbling". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-01. 
  287. ^ "Barkcloth Making in Uganda". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  288. ^ "Petrykivka decorative painting as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian ornamental folk art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-30. 
  289. ^ "The Cultural Space of the Boysun District". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  290. ^ "Shashmaqom Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  291. ^ "Vanuatu Sand Drawings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  292. ^ "Venezuela's Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  293. ^ "Nha Nhac, Vietnamese court music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  294. ^ "Space of Gong culture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  295. ^ "Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  296. ^ "Gióng festival of Phù Ðông and Sóc temples". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  297. ^ "Worship of Hùng kings in Phú Thọm". Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  298. ^ "Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Viet Nam". Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  299. ^ "Ví and Giặm folk songs of Nghệ Tĩnh". Retrieved 2015-09-16. 
  300. ^ "The Song of Sana'a". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  301. ^ "The Makishi Masquerade". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  302. ^ "The Mbende Jerusarema Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  303. ^ "Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game in the Republic of Azerbaijan - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  304. ^ "Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  305. ^ "Earthenware pottery-making skills in Botswana's Kgatleng District - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  306. ^ "Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  307. ^ "Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridges - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  308. ^ "Traditional Li textile techniques: spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroidering - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  309. ^ "Qiang New Year festival - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  310. ^ "Meshrep - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  311. ^ "Watertight-bulkhead technology of Chinese junks - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  312. ^ "Wooden movable-type printing of China - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  313. ^ "Hezhen Yimakan storytelling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  314. ^ "Traditional Vallenato music of the Greater Magdalena region - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  315. ^ "Ojkanje singing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  316. ^ "Glasoechko, male two-part singing in Dolni Polog - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  317. ^ "Cantu in paghjella, a secular and liturgical oral tradition of Corsica - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  318. ^ "Nan Pa'ch ceremony - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  319. ^ "Two new elements inscribed on the List of Intangible Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding and five best safeguarding practices selected". UNESCOPRESS. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  320. ^ "Saman dance - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  321. ^ "Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of Papua - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  322. ^ "Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  323. ^ "Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  324. ^ "Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the Mijikenda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  325. ^ "Isukuti dance of Isukha and Idakho communities of Western Kenya - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  326. ^ "Ala-kiyiz and Shyrdak, art of Kyrgyz traditional felt carpets - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  327. ^ "Suiti cultural space - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  328. ^ "Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the Sanké - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  329. ^ "Secret society of the Kôrêdugaw, the rite of wisdom in Mali - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  330. ^ "Moorish epic T'heydinn - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  331. ^ "Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk dance - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  332. ^ "Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epic - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  333. ^ "Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances - circular breathing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  334. ^ "Mongolian calligraphy - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  335. ^ "Coaxing ritual for camels - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  336. ^ "Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  337. ^ "Manufacture of cowbells - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  338. ^ "Bigwala, gourd trumpet music and dance of the Busoga Kingdom in Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  339. ^ "Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  340. ^ "Male-child cleansing ceremony of the Lango of central northern Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  341. ^ "Koogere oral tradition of the Basongora, Banyabindi and Batooro peoples - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  342. ^ "Al Sadu, traditional weaving skills in the United Arab Emirates - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  343. ^ "Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territory - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  344. ^ "Ca trù singing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  345. ^ "Xoan singing of Phú Thọ Province, Viet Nam - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  346. ^ "Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage". Archived from the original on July 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  347. ^ "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity". Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  348. ^ "Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage". Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  349. ^ "Proclamation of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity (2001-2005) - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 

External links[edit]