Charles F. Brannan
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|14th United States Secretary of Agriculture|
June 2, 1948 – January 20, 1953
|President||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Clinton P. Anderson|
|Succeeded by||Ezra Taft Benson|
Charles Franklin Brannan
August 23, 1903
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
|Died||July 2, 1992 (aged 88)|
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
|Education||Regis University (BA)|
University of Denver (LLB)
Charles Franklin Brannan (August 23, 1903 – July 2, 1992) was the United States Secretary of Agriculture from 1948 to 1953. He was a liberal Democrat best known for proposing the "Brannan Plan", which was rejected by a conservative Congress and never took effect. Brannan was also the last living member of Truman's cabinet.
Brannan was born in Denver, Colorado, on August 23, 1903. He came from a Quaker family; his father was an engineer. He received his law degree from the University of Denver law school in 1929. In 1932, Brannan married Eda V. Seltzer. He practiced law in Denver, specializing in agricultural, mining, and irrigation issues. He was an ardent Democrat and a supporter of the New Deal.
He began as a lawyer in the Resettlement Administration, where he relocated destitute tenant farmers hurt by the "dust bowl." In 1937, he became a regional attorney for the Department of Agriculture. In 1941, he moved to the Farm Security Administration, where he arranged loans for water facilities and needy farmers in the Mountain states. In 1944, he became assistant secretary of agriculture under Secretary Clinton Anderson, who put him in charge of long-range planning. When Anderson resigned in 1948, he recommended Brannan, as did the president of the liberal Farmers Union.
Secretary of Agriculture, 1948-1953
In 1949, he advocated the Brannan Plan, as part of President Truman's Fair Deal program. Brannan wanted to guarantee farmers income, while letting free market forces determine the prices of commodities. That plan was not enacted by the Republican controlled congress, which was focusing on the Cold War.
In 1956 he was defeated in the Democratic primary by John A. Carroll for the Colorado U.S. Senate race. Brannan died on July 2, 1992, at age 88, in Denver. Brannan was the last surviving member of the Truman Cabinet.
In popular culture
In Mary Robinette Kowal's alternate-history novel The Calculating Stars (2018), Brannan remains Secretary of Agriculture even after Thomas E. Dewey wins the 1948 presidential election. He happens to be touring farms in Kansas on March 3, 1952, when a meteorite strike obliterates Washington, D.C.; as the only surviving member of the presidential line of succession, he becomes acting president. Brannan goes on to win both the 1952 and 1956 presidential elections, defeating Dwight D. Eisenhower in the latter.
- Christenson, Reo Millard. The Brannan Plan (University of Michigan Press, 1959)
- Dean, Virgil W. "Why Not the Brannan Plan?" Agricultural History (1996) 70#2 pp. 268-282 in JSTOR
- Dean, Virgil W. An opportunity lost: The Truman administration and the farm policy debate (University of Missouri Press, 2006) online
- Dean, Virgil W. "Farm Policy and Truman's 1948 Campaign." Historian (1993) 55#3 pp: 501-516
- Matusow, Allen J. Farm policies and politics in the Truman years (Harvard University Press, 1967).
- Pratt, William C. "The Farmers Union, McCarthyism, and the Demise of the Agrarian Left." Historian (1996) 58#2 pp: 329-342. online
- Schoenebaum, Eleonora W. ed. Political Profiles: The Truman Years (1978) pp 51-53
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles F. Brannan.|
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Charles F. Brannan" is available at the Internet Archive
- Newspaper clippings about Charles F. Brannan in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
Clinton P. Anderson
| U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
Served under: Harry S. Truman
Ezra Taft Benson