Charles F. Brannan

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Charles Brannan
Charles F. Brannan.jpg
14th United States Secretary of Agriculture
In office
June 2, 1948 – January 20, 1953
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byClinton P. Anderson
Succeeded byEzra Taft Benson
Personal details
Born
Charles Franklin Brannan

(1903-08-23)August 23, 1903
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
DiedJuly 2, 1992(1992-07-02) (aged 88)
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Eda Seltzer
EducationRegis University (BA)
University of Denver (LLB)

Charles Franklin Brannan (August 23, 1903 – July 2, 1992) was the United States Secretary of Agriculture from 1948 to 1953. He was a liberal Democrat best known for proposing the "Brannan Plan", which was rejected by a conservative Congress and never took effect. Brannan was also the last living member of Truman's cabinet.

Early life[edit]

Brannan was born in Denver, Colorado, on August 23, 1903. He came from a Quaker family; his father was an engineer. He received his law degree from the University of Denver law school in 1929. In 1932, Brannan married Eda V. Seltzer. He practiced law in Denver, specializing in agricultural, mining, and irrigation issues. He was an ardent Democrat and a supporter of the New Deal.

Government lawyer[edit]

He began as a lawyer in the Resettlement Administration, where he relocated destitute tenant farmers hurt by the "dust bowl." In 1937, he became a regional attorney for the Department of Agriculture. In 1941, he moved to the Farm Security Administration, where he arranged loans for water facilities and needy farmers in the Mountain states. In 1944, he became assistant secretary of agriculture under Secretary Clinton Anderson, who put him in charge of long-range planning. When Anderson resigned in 1948, he recommended Brannan, as did the president of the liberal Farmers Union.

Secretary of Agriculture, 1948-1953[edit]

In 1949, he advocated the Brannan Plan, as part of President Truman's Fair Deal program. Brannan wanted to guarantee farmers income, while letting free market forces determine the prices of commodities. That plan was not enacted by the Republican controlled congress, which was focusing on the Cold War.

Following the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953, Brannan left the government and became the general counsel for the National Farmers Union.

In 1956 he was defeated in the Democratic primary by John A. Carroll for the Colorado U.S. Senate race.[1] Brannan died on July 2, 1992, at age 88, in Denver. Brannan was the last surviving member of the Truman Cabinet.

The members of Truman's cabinet in August, 1949, from left to right: Alben W. Barkley, Dean G. Acheson, Truman, John W. Snyder, Louis A. Johnson, Tom C. Clark, Jesse M. Donaldson, Julius A. Krug, Brannan, Charles W. Sawyer and Maurice J. Tobin

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Christenson, Reo Millard. The Brannan Plan (University of Michigan Press, 1959)
  • Dean, Virgil W. "Why Not the Brannan Plan?" Agricultural History (1996) 70#2 pp. 268-282 in JSTOR
  • Dean, Virgil W. An opportunity lost: The Truman administration and the farm policy debate (University of Missouri Press, 2006) online
  • Dean, Virgil W. "Farm Policy and Truman's 1948 Campaign." Historian (1993) 55#3 pp: 501-516
  • Matusow, Allen J. Farm policies and politics in the Truman years (Harvard University Press, 1967).
  • Pratt, William C. "The Farmers Union, McCarthyism, and the Demise of the Agrarian Left." Historian (1996) 58#2 pp: 329-342. online
  • Schoenebaum, Eleonora W. ed. Political Profiles: The Truman Years (1978) pp 51-53

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Clinton P. Anderson
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
Served under: Harry S. Truman

1948–1953
Succeeded by
Ezra Taft Benson