Charles Henry Tawney
Charles Henry Tawney CIE (1837–1922) was an English educator and scholar, primarily known for his translations of Sanskrit classics into English. He was fluent in German, Latin, and Greek; and in India also acquired Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, and Persian.
Tawney was the son of Rev. Richard Tawney, and educated at Rugby School and Trinity College, Cambridge; where he was a Cambridge Apostle and worked as a Fellow and Tutor for 4 years, until he moved to India for health reasons. He married Constance Catharine Fox in 1867 and had a large family. One of his children, born 30 November 1880 in Calcutta, was Richard Henry or R. H. Tawney. From 1865 to his retirement in 1892 he held various educational offices, most significantly Principal of Presidency College for much of the period of 1875-1892. His translation of Kathasaritsagara was printed by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in a small series called Bibliotheca Indica between 1880 and 1884.
After retirement, Tawney was made Librarian of the India Office.
Translations from Sanskrit
His other works include:
- Bhavabhūti: Uttara-rāma-carita (1874) — a play
- Two Centuries of Bhartṛihari (1877) — two collections of ethical and philosophico-religious stanzas (online)
- Somadeva: Kathā Sarit Sāgara (1880-1884) — the massive collection of legends and tales (Vol I online) (Vol II online)
- Kathākoça (1895) — Jain stories (online)
- Merutunga: Prabandhacintāmaṇi (1899-1901) — Jain stories (online)
- Thomas, F. W. (January 1923). "Charles Henry Tawney, M.A., C.I.E.". The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1): 152–154. JSTOR 25210014.
- "C. H. Tawney". Folklore. 33 (3): 334. September 30, 1922. JSTOR 1256118.
- Penzer 1924, pp. vii-x
- Schuyler, Jr., Montgomery (1902). "Bibliography of Kālidāsa's Mālavikāgnimitra and Vikramorvaçī". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 23: 93–101. doi:10.2307/592384. JSTOR 592384.
- Penzer, N. M. (1924), "Charles Henry Tawney", The Ocean of Story, being C.H. Tawney's Translation of Somadeva's Katha Sarit Sagara, I, London: Chas. J. Sawyer
- Online HTML ebook of The Ocean of Story (kathasaritsagara), volume 1-9, proofread, including thousands of notes and extra appendixes.
- Works by Charles Henry Tawney at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Charles Henry Tawney at Internet Archive