This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Charolais cow and calf
|Country of origin||France|
The Charolais (French pronunciation: [ʃaʁɔlɛ]) is a breed of taurine beef cattle from the Charolais area surrounding Charolles, in Burgundy, in eastern France. Charolais are raised for meat; they may be crossed with other breeds, including Angus and Hereford cattle. A cross-breed with Brahmans is called Charbray and is recognised as a breed in some countries.
The breed was introduced to the southern United States from Mexico in 1934. In 1965 it was introduced in the northern New England states from Canada.
The breed tends to be large-muscled, with bulls weighing up to 1,100 kg (2,400 lb) and cows up to 900 kg (2,000 lb). In England, a bull of this breed has reached a weight of 2 tonnes. They also tend to be a skittish breed of cattle.
The Charolais is the second-most numerous cattle breed in France after the Holstein and the most common beef breed, ahead of the Limousin. At the end of 2014, France had 4.22 million head of Charolais, including 1.56 million cows, down 0.6% from a year earlier. The Charolais is a world breed: it is reported to DAD-IS by 68 countries, of which 37 report population data. The world population is estimated at about 730,000. The largest populations are reported from the Czech Republic and Mexico.
- Transboundary breed: Charbray. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2015.
- The Charolais heritage ... a brief history Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. American-International Charolais Association. Accessed May 2015.
- "'Monster' two tonne bull is Britain's largest". Telegraph.co.uk. 27 December 2014.
-  Infos rapides Bovins : Hausse du cheptel bovin français en 2014. Accessed June 2015.
- Transboundary breed: Charolais. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charolais cattle.|