Charolais cattle

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Charolais
Vache de race charolaise avec son veau.jpg
Charolais cow and calf
Country of origin France
Distribution World-wide
Use Beef
Traits
Coat White
Horn status Horned
Cattle
Bos (primigenius) taurus
Embryo transferred Charolais calves with their Angus and Hereford recipient mothers.

The Charolais (French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁɔlɛ]) is a breed of taurine beef cattle from the Charolais area surrounding Charolles, in Burgundy, in eastern France. Charolais are raised for meat; they may be crossed with other breeds, including Angus and Hereford cattle. A cross-breed with Brahmans is called Charbray and is recognised as a breed in some countries.[1]

History[edit]

Outside France[edit]

The breed was introduced to the southern United States from Mexico in 1934.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

The breed tends to be large muscled, with bulls weighing up to 1,100 kilograms (2,400 lb) and cows up to 900 kilograms (2,000 lb). In England, a bull of this breed has reached the weight of 2 ton.[3]

Distribution[edit]

The Charolais is the second-most common cattle breed in France after the Holstein and the most common beef breed, ahead of the Limousin. France had 4.22 million heads of Charolais cattle as of Dec. 31, 2014, including 1.56 million cows, declining 0.6% from a year earlier. [4] The Charolais is a world breed: it is reported to DAD-IS by 68 countries, of which 37 report population data. The world population is estimated at approximately 730,000. The largest populations are reported from the Czech Republic and from Mexico.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transboundary breed: Charbray. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2015.
  2. ^ The Charolais heritage ... a brief history. American-International Charolais Association. Accessed May 2015.
  3. ^ "'Monster' two tonne bull is Britain's largest". Telegraph.co.uk. 27 December 2014. 
  4. ^ [1] Infos rapides Bovins : Hausse du cheptel bovin français en 2014. Accessed June 2015.
  5. ^ Transboundary breed: Charolais. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2015.

External links[edit]

Breed associations[edit]