Chelsea, Quebec

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Old Chelsea
Old Chelsea
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
Chelsea is located in Western Quebec
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°30′N 75°47′W / 45.500°N 75.783°W / 45.500; -75.783Coordinates: 45°30′N 75°47′W / 45.500°N 75.783°W / 45.500; -75.783[1]
RCMLes Collines-de-l'Outaouais
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1875
 • MayorPierre Guénard
 • Federal ridingPontiac
 • Prov. ridingGatineau
 • Total121.10 km2 (46.76 sq mi)
 • Land113.77 km2 (43.93 sq mi)
 • Total8,000
 • Density71.0/km2 (184/sq mi)
 • Pop 2016-2021
Increase 15.8%
 • Dwellings
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code819

Route 105 Edit this at Wikidata

Chelsea is a municipality located immediately north of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada, and about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Ottawa. Chelsea is located within Canada's National Capital Region. It is the seat of Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality.

Its population was 8000 in the 2021 Canadian Census.[5] The population of Chelsea is almost evenly divided between anglophones and francophones and both English and French languages are in common use throughout the town.

The municipality has a reputation for being environmentally responsible and was one of the first in Canada to ban the use of pesticides. While 60% of the area consists of Gatineau Park, much of the rest of Chelsea is residential with mostly large lots, and tracts of undeveloped land. It has a distinctly rural feel. A new sports complex, the Meredith Centre, was developed on the main road, neighbouring the English Elementary School. The new complex hosts a hockey rink, community rooms, and soccer fields. The mayor of Chelsea, QC is Pierre Guénard.

Part of the film Grey Owl was shot on the Gatineau River. A number of regionally and nationally well-known musicians, filmmakers, and artists live in Chelsea, including Ian Tamblyn.


Chelsea is a triangle-shaped municipality that includes much of the southern and eastern parts of Gatineau Park, and is bordered on the east by the Gatineau River. The southern border is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Old Chelsea, and it runs north to the community of Farm Point. Beyond Farm Point lies the municipality of La Pêche and the village of Wakefield. Just north of Old Chelsea is Camp Fortune, a popular alpine ski club 15 minutes from Downtown Ottawa.


  • Kingsmere
  • Chelsea
  • Old Chelsea
  • Larrimac
  • Farm Point
  • Hollow Glen


Chelsea is named after the Vermont town of its first settler, Thomas Brigham, who was a partner and son-in-law of Philemon Wright and arrived there in 1819. The name has been in use since the early 19th century: Old Chelsea (1819), Parish Saint-Stephen-of-Chelsea (1835), Chelsea (circa 1870). In 1875, the municipality was established as Hull-Partie-Ouest, or commonly referred to as West Hull. The municipality was renamed to its current name in 1990.[1]

During World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy wanted to understand more about the propagation of radio waves and how they were affected by the earth's ionosphere so that German radio transmissions could be intercepted more efficiently. In cooperation with the National Research Council, the RCN established a "field intensity station" at Chelsea in 1941 to monitor the height of the ionosphere.

Chelsea, also known as an ionospheric observatory, was established in 1941 and closed down in 1947. It was located on the north side of Old Chelsea Road a few hundred yards west of Highway 105. The Chelsea station operated during the post-war period but in 1947, its work was transferred to the Defence Research Board's new Radio Propagation Laboratory in Ottawa. Shortly thereafter, the station was demolished. Today, there are no traces of the single shack or the many masts that were once erected on the property.


Historical census populations
1976 3,489—    
1981 3,546+1.6%
1986 3,908+10.2%
1991 5,091+30.3%
1996 5,925+16.4%
2001 6,036+1.9%
2006 6,703+11.1%
2011 6,977+4.1%
2016 6,909−1.0%
Source: Statistics Canada
Canada census – Chelsea, Quebec community profile
Population8,000 (+15.8% from 2016)6,909 (-1.0% from 2011)6,977 (4.1% from 2006)
Land area112.65 km2 (43.49 sq mi)113.77 km2 (43.93 sq mi)113.40 km2 (43.78 sq mi)
Population density71/km2 (180/sq mi)60.7/km2 (157/sq mi)61.5/km2 (159/sq mi)
Median age43.6 (M: 44.4, F: 42.4)44.8 (M: 45.6, F: 44.1)42.3 (M: 42.9, F: 41.8)
Total private dwellings3,0402,8982,956
Median household income$146,000$116,443$108,629
References: 2021[6] 2016[7] 2011[8] earlier[9][10]

Mother tongue:[4]

  • English as first language: 43.1%
  • French as first language: 46.3%
  • English and French as first language: 3.9%
  • Other as first language: 5.6%


Autoroute 5, also known as the Autoroute de la Gatineau, is a major freeway that connects Chelsea and La Pêche with Gatineau and Ottawa.

Public transportation is provided to the region by Transcollines, with bus routes 921, 922, 923, 924, and 925 connecting the regional county municipality with Gatineau as of 2022.[11] During summer weekends, the Societé de Transport de l'Outaouais provides free shuttle buses through Gatineau Park that terminate at the Gatineau Park Visitors Centre in Old Chelsea.[12]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Reference number 258615 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic code 82025 in the official Répertoire des municipalités". (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation.
  3. ^ "(Code 2482025) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "(Code 2482025) Census Profile". 2021 census. Statistics Canada. 2022.
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-02-09). "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Chelsea, Municipalité (MÉ) [Census subdivision], Quebec". Retrieved 2022-08-03.
  6. ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  11. ^ "Public transportation – Transcollines". Retrieved 2022-09-04.
  12. ^ "Gatineau Park shuttle". NCC-CCN. Retrieved 2022-09-04.

External links[edit]