Chesterfield

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Borough of Chesterfield
View of Chesterfield from Old Brampton
View of Chesterfield from Old Brampton
Official logo of Borough of Chesterfield
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Shown within Derbyshire
Shown within Derbyshire
Coordinates: 53°14′N 1°25′W / 53.233°N 1.417°W / 53.233; -1.417
CountryUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
CountyDerbyshire
Founded70–100 AD
Market Charter1204
Borough status1204/1594
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • Local AuthorityChesterfield Borough Council
 • MPsToby Perkins
Lee Rowley
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total104,900 (ranked 227th)
 • Ethnicity
94.9% White British
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcode
Post town
chesterfield
Dialling code01246
ISO 3166-2GB-DBY
ONS code17UD (ONS)
E07000034 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSK382711
DemonymCestrefeldian
Websitewww.chesterfield.gov.uk

Chesterfield is a large market town and borough in Derbyshire, England,[1] 24 miles (39 km) north of Derby and 11 miles (18 km) south of Sheffield at the confluence of the River Rother and River Hipper. Including Whittington, Brimington and Staveley, it had a population of 103,801 in 2012,[2] making it Derbyshire's second largest town. It has been traced to a soon-abandoned Roman fort of the 1st century AD.[3] The name of the later Anglo-Saxon village comes from the Old English ceaster (Roman fort) and feld (pasture).[4][5] Its sizeable street market is held three days a week.[6] The town sits on a coalfield, but little visual evidence of mining remains. Its great landmark is the Church of St Mary and All Saints with a crooked spire.

History[edit]

Chesterfield was in the Hundred of Scarsdale. The town received its market charter in 1204 from King John, which constituted the town as a free borough, granting the burgesses of Chesterfield the privileges of those of Nottingham and Derby.[1] In 1266, the Battle of Chesterfield saw a band of rebel barons defeated by a royalist army.[7]

Elizabeth I granted a charter in 1594 or 1598,[1] creating a corporation of a mayor, six aldermen, six brethren, and twelve capital burgesses.[8] This remained its charter until the borough was reshaped under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835.[1][9] It originally consisted only of the township of Chesterfield, but absorbed some surrounding townships in 1892. There was a major extension when the borough absorbed New Whittington and Newbold urban district in 1920.[10] Chesterfield's current boundaries date from 1 April 1974, when the Borough of Chesterfield was formed under the Local Government Act 1972 by amalgamating the municipal borough, the urban district of Staveley and the parish of Brimington from Chesterfield Rural District.[11]

'The church in the 18th century as sketched by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm.'

Chesterfield benefited much from the building of the Chesterfield Line – part of the Derby to Leeds railway (North Midland Line) begun in 1837 by George Stephenson. During the work, a sizeable seam of coal was discovered during the construction of the Clay Cross Tunnel. This and the local ironstone were exploited by Stephenson, who set up a company in Clay Cross to trade in the minerals.

During his time in Chesterfield, Stephenson lived at Tapton House, remaining there until his death in 1848. He is interred in Trinity Church. A statue of him was erected outside Chesterfield railway station in 2006.

Geography[edit]

Chesterfield lies at the confluence of the River Rother and River Hipper at the Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire Coalfield, in the eastern foothills of the Pennines. It is sometimes described as the "Gateway to the Peak", i. e. the Peak District National Park to the west of it.[12]

Surrounding areas of the South and West Yorkshire Green Belt serve in places to block urban sprawl.[13] Other local greenfield frameworks include "strategic gaps" to maintain the openness and landscape qualities of large open areas, and "green wedges" penetrating urban areas with recreational facilities.[14]

Governance[edit]

Local government in Chesterfield has a two-tier structure. At the upper tier of services such as consumer protection, education, main roads and social services is provided by Derbyshire County Council.[15] At the lower tier, housing, planning, refuse collection and burial grounds are provided by Chesterfield Borough Council.[16] The borough is unparished with the exceptions of Brimington and Staveley, whose councils perform limited functions in their areas.

County council[edit]

Derbyshire County Council has 64 elected county councillors, each for a single-member electoral division. The entire council is elected every four years. In June 2009, the Conservative Party took control from the Labour Party after 28 years.[17] Derbyshire County Council returned to Labour control at the 2013 local elections, but reverted to Conservative control after the 2017 county council elections, when the number of Conservative seats rose from 18 to 37 – a ten-seat majority.

Borough council[edit]

Chesterfield Borough Council has 48 councillors. Elections for it take place every four years, the last in 2019. The borough is split into 19 wards, with two or three councillors to a ward.[18] The wards are named Barrow Hill and Whittington; Brimington North; Brimington South; Brockwell; Dunston; Hasland; Hollingwood and Inkersall; Holmebrook; Linacre; Loundsley Green; Lowgates and Woodthorpe; Middlecroft and Poolsbrook; Moor; Old Whittington; Rother; St Helen's; St Leonard's; Walton; and, West. Since 2018, the Labour Party has controlled the borough council with 37 councillors. The Liberal Democrats have 9 and UKIP 1.[19]

The council chooses one member a year to be mayor of Chesterfield. The 378th was elected in May 2018.

Coat of arms[edit]

The borough council uses armorial bearings originally granted to the previous borough corporation by letters patent dated 10 November 1955.[20] The blazon of the arms is as follows:

Gules a Device representing a Pomegranate Tree as depicted on the ancient Common Seal of the Borough the tree leaved and eradicated proper flowered and fructed Or and for the Crest on a Wreath of the Colours Issuant from a Mural Crown Gules Masoned Or a Mount Vert thereon a Derby Ram passant guardant proper. Supporters: On the dexter side a Cock and on the sinister side a Pynot or Magpie proper each Ducally gorged Or[21]

The shield is based on the borough's ancient common seal, believed to date from the earlier 16th century. The seal depicts a stylised pomegranate tree. When the arms were formally granted, the College of Arms expressed the view that the plant had been adopted by the town as a symbol of loyalty to the crown, as it had been a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII and Mary Tudor.[21] The crest depicts a Derby Ram, representing the county of Derbyshire, and a mural crown, suggestive of a town wall and thus borough status.[21] The supporters represent the Cock and Pynot Inn, Old Whittington. The now Cock and Magpie Inn (53°16'13.1"N 1°25'34.3"W) is next to Revolution House, which was the site of a meeting between conspirators against James II in 1688. Among those meeting there were the Earl of Danby and Devonshire, marked by ducal crowns round the supporters' necks. The two birds stand on a compartment of rocks and moorland.[21] The motto is "Aspire", a punning reference to the crooked spire of the parish church.[21]

Combined authority[edit]

The borough council began in March 2016 an attempt to join the Sheffield City Region Combined Authority, which is due to receive devolved powers. Derbyshire County Council opposed this and was seeking legal advice on whether the matter could be taken to judicial review.[22] Chesterfield Council has since withdrawn its application, but remains a non-constituent member.[23]

Economy[edit]

In the last 30 years the economy around Chesterfield has undergone major change. The employment base has moved from the primary and secondary sectors towards the tertiary. The area sits on a large coalfield, which had many collieries,[24] including: Clay Cross, Arkwright Town, Bolsover, Grassmoor, North Wingfield and Holmewood.

Between 1981 and 2002, 15,000 jobs in the coal industry were lost[25] and not one colliery remains open, although open cast mining took place at Arkwright Town for a few years from November 1993.[26] Many mine sites were restored by a contractor for Derbyshire County Council. Little evidence of mining remains. A cyclists' and walkers' route, the "Five Pits Trail", links some former mines; most are now indistinguishable from the surrounding countryside.[27]

In the town, large factories and major employers have disappeared or relocated. Markham & Co. manufactured tunnel boring machines such as the one used for the Channel Tunnel. It was bought out by Norway's Kvaerner and later merged with Sheffield-based Davy. Its factory on Hollis Lane is now a housing estate; the former offices were turned into flats and serviced office suites.[28] Dema Glass's factory near Lockoford Lane closed; the site is now host to a Tesco Extra and the Proact Stadium, Chesterfield F.C.'s new home ground.[29] GKN closed its factory and the site is being turned into a business park.[30]

Other companies have downsized sharply. Robinson's, makers of paper-based packaging,[31] divested its health-care interests, which led to a marked fall in the workforce and facilities in Chesterfield. Trebor, once based on Brimington Road near Chesterfield railway station, merged with Bassetts sweets of Sheffield, was later taken over by Cadbury and relocated to a modern unit at Holmewood business park. The earlier factory has been demolished and the site awaits development.

Chesterfield Cylinders relocated to a smaller site in Sheffield. Chesterfield Cylinder's Derby Road site, is now Alma Leisure Park, which includes a Nuffield Health Club, Cineworld, Frankie & Benny's, McDonald's, a Harvester Pub and a Nando's. Their former factory on Derby Road is now Spire Walk Business Park, a B&Q Mini-warehouse, a Toys-R-Us and Chesterfield's new fire station.

Manufacturing employment has fallen by a third since 1991, though the proportion of employees in manufacturing is still above the national average,[25] underlining how critical it has been to Chesterfield. Today, smaller firms are found on several industrial estates, the largest being at Sheepbridge. Business located on the estate includes SIG plc subsidiary Warren Insulations, Franke Sisons Ltd (founded in 1784 in Sheffield and among the first to manufacture stainless steel kitchen sinks in the 1930s), Rhodes Group and Chesterfield Felt.

Between the A61 and Brimington Road there is a 40-acre (160,000 m2) development site resulting from Arnold Laver relocating to a modern sawmill at Halfway, on the Sheffield border. The former sawmill has been demolished, with outline planning permission given for a mixed residential and commercial development to be called Chesterfield Waterside,[32] built around a new marina at the end of the Chesterfield Canal, which currently terminates at an adjacent weir.

There is a Morrisons on the junction of Chatsworth Road (A619) and Walton Road (A632), a Sainsburys on Rother Way (A619 for Staveley), and a Tesco Extra on the junction of the A619 and A61 (known locally as Tesco Roundabout). The Institute of Business Advisers[33] is based on Queen Street North. Chesterfield Royal Hospital[34] is on the A632 towards Calow and Bolsover. It has the only accident and emergency department in Derbyshire outside Derby.[35]

Peak FM broadcasts from Sheepbridge on 107.4 MHz FM and 102 MHz FM via the nearby Chesterfield transmitting station, which also hosts BBC Radio Sheffield on 94.7 MHz FM. DAB transmissions for Chesterfield come from there, but only Digital One is currently broadcast. The local television stations are ITV Yorkshire, BBC Yorkshire and Sheffield Live TV, both transmitted from Leeds and Sheffield. Also in the town are the headquarters of the Derbyshire Times, the local newspaper, which does not cover all of the county.

The Chesterfield and North Derbyshire Branch of the RSPCA is located in the town,[36] and serves the North East Derbyshire area. The centre, which is not government funded, holds money-raising events that include an annual Dog Show in the summer.

The town's biggest employer is now the "Royal Mail/Post Office" administration department[citation needed] in newly built offices on the edge of the town centre. The Royal Mail's Pensions Service Centre is near the town in Boythorpe Road, in Rowland Hill House, which also serves other administrative functions. There is a Post Office Ltd building in the town at West Bars called Future Walk. Formerly this was Chetwynd House, now demolished and replaced by the new building.

Shopping, entertainment and leisure[edit]

Part of Chesterfield's market

The town centre of Chesterfield has retained much of its pre-war plan. It has one of the largest open air markets in Britain, the stalls sitting either side of the Market Hall. In the middle of town, a collection of narrow medieval streets make up The Shambles, which houses the Royal Oak, one of Britain's oldest pubs.

Near Holywell Cross is what was (until 2013) Chesterfield's largest department store, the Co-operative or Co-op. The main building opened in 1938,[37] and now occupies the majority of Elder Way,[38] including an enclosed bridge, and part of Knifesmithgate. Here the façade is in the mock-Tudor style fashionable in the 1930s, which still dominates the north side of Knifesmithgate. In 2001, the Chesterfield and District Co-operative Society was incorporated into a larger regional Midlands Co-operative Society Limited, now the biggest independent retail society in the UK.[39] Owing to a decline in retail sales, the large home and fashion Co-op department store closed at the end of July 2013,[40] The area is being redeveloped with restaurants, a hotel and a gym and due to open in 2019.[41]

The Pavements[edit]

A street in Chesterfield.

In the late 1970s a large area between Low Pavement (in the Market Square) and New Beetwell Street was demolished (except the original shop fronts) to build "The Pavements" shopping centre, known by some as The Precinct, which was opened in November 1981 by the Prince and Princess of Wales. It has entrances opposite Chesterfield Market and escalators leading down to New Beetwell St and the bus station. An enclosed bridge links the site to a multi-storey car park built at the same time, adjacent to the town's coach station.

Chesterfield's multi-storey library stands just outside The Pavements in New Beetwell St. The building was opened in 1985. In annual figures compiled by the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy it ranked fifth in the UK for number of loans in 2008, rising one place on the previous year.[42][43] The area beside the library was redeveloped, but retains the old narrow passageways while accommodating small shop units and offices.

On 27 June 2007, the Somerfield store in the Precinct was gutted in a fire in which the roof collapsed. Only a few shoppers suffered minor injuries.[44] The fire reportedly started after a welding torch being used to repair flood damage had been left ignited. It started at 13:10 on 27 June and was not extinguished until 23:30 that day. All shops in The Pavements were closed and evacuated. Other areas including the Market Hall were later evacuated as the smoke became worse.[44] After the fire, Somerfield decided to cease trading in Chesterfield. The unit re-opened in September 2008 as a Tesco Metro store.

Vicar Lane[edit]

Vicar Lane after it was re-developed

Vicar Lane was redeveloped in 2000 as a pedestrianised open-air shopping centre. This meant demolishing almost all of the existing buildings, including a Woolworths branch and a small bus station.[45] The project was so large that two new shopping streets were created. It now includes major chains such as H&M and Argos.[46] The development had been planned in the 1980s but delayed for economic reasons. A multi-storey car park on Beetwell St was added under the revised plan. The area lies between the Pavements Centre and markets and the crooked spire.

Food and drink[edit]

Cuisine available in the area includes Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Indian and Thai restaurants and takeaways. Several late-night venues are located around the town, mainly in the Church Way, Holywell Street and Corporation Street areas. Venues offer cocktails and selections of world beers, while others in Corporation Street aim for a younger, more party-orientated crowd. Around the town there are many other bars and pubs. The Brampton Mile west of the town centre offers 13 pubs on a 1 mile (1.6 km) section of Chatsworth Road.

In February 2006, the first international gluten free beer festival was held in Chesterfield.[47] The Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) hosted the event as part of its regular beer festival in the town.

The arts[edit]

The Winding Wheel, hitherto an Odeon Cinema, is a venue for concerts, exhibitions, conferences, dinners, family parties, dances, banquets, wedding receptions, meetings, product launches and lectures.[48] Past notable performers include Bob Geldof, The Proclaimers and Paddy McGuinness. Chesterfield Symphony Orchestra give three concerts a year there.[49]

The "Pomegranate Theatre", formerly the Chesterfield Civic Theatre and previously the Stephenson Memorial Theatre) is a listed Victorian building in what is now known as the Stephenson Memorial Hall,[50] with an auditorium that seats about 500 people.[51] Shows are given throughout the year. Also in the Stephenson Memorial Hall is the Chesterfield Museum, opened in 1994. Until 1984 it was used as the town's main library. The museum is owned by Chesterfield Borough Council, as are the Winding Wheel and the Pomegranate Theatre. The box office for both venues is located in the entrance area of the theatre.

The Royal Mail building Future Walk, in West Bars, was once the site of Chetwynd House, referred to locally as the AGD. Here a work by sculptor Barbara Hepworth Carved Reclining Form or Rosewall was prominently displayed for many years and nicknamed Isaiah by local critics, as it resembled a crude human face with one eye higher than the other ("eye's 'igher"). The work was due to be sold in 2005, but reprieved as a work of national significance.[52] Other artworks of note include A System of Support and Balance by Paul Lewthwaite, outside Chesterfield Magistrates' Court.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

The town is located on the A61, 6 miles (9.7 km) from the M1.[53]

Junction 29 of the M1 motorway at Heath links Chesterfield to the motorway network to the south via the A617 dual-carriageway. Junction 29a at Markham Vale, Duckmanton, opened at the end of June 2008. The town also has links to the M1 at Junction 30 and to the north via the A619. Other major roads include the A61 Sheffield Road (north)/Derby Road (south), with a dual carriageway from the town centre right into Sheffield, and the A619, a major entry to the Peak District, eventually joining the A6 near Bakewell) and the A632 to Matlock.

Buses, taxis and coaches[edit]

Chesterfield Coach Station

Stagecoach in Chesterfield are the predominant operator of buses in Chesterfield; other operators include Henry Hulleys, Trent Barton and TM Travel. Buses stop in several areas around the town centre rather than at a central bus station. The Stagecoach depot at Stonegravels is notable for its size and many vehicles stored there are not in regular use. Formerly it was the Chesterfield Corporation bus depot.

A new Chesterfield Coach Station opened in 2005 on the site of the old bus station. It is served by Stagecoach and National Express coaches.

The main taxi ranks are in Elder Way and Knifesmithgate and outside the railway station. Chesterfield taxis are recognisably black with distinctive white bonnets and boots.

Railways[edit]

Chesterfield railway station lies on the Midland Main Line. Its three train companies are:

Chesterfield once had two other rail stations:

These railways crossed each other at Horns Bridge, the Midland Main Line passing over the GCR loop into Chesterfield and the LD&ECR passed both on a 700 feet (210 m) viaduct. Horns Bridge has been much redeveloped since the last two railways closed. Horns Bridge Roundabout, where the A61 Derby Road and A617 Lordsmill St meet, now occupies the site. The viaduct was demolished in the 1970s.

Chesterfield also had a tramway system, built in 1882 and closed in 1927.

Air[edit]

The nearest licensed airfield is Netherthorpe Aerodrome near Worksop in Nottinghamshire, but has less than 600 metres of grass runway. Air passengers usually use East Midlands, Leeds Bradford, Doncaster Sheffield Robin Hood, Manchester and Birmingham airports, all within two hours by road.

Canal[edit]

The Chesterfield Canal linked the town to a national network of waterways through the 19th century. Overtaken by rail and then road for freight transport, it fell into disuse, but has been partially restored since the mid-20th century for leisure use. However, the section through Chesterfield remains isolated from the rest of the waterway network.

Education[edit]

The borough of Chesterfield has many schools in and around it. The secondary schools include Hasland Hall Community School, Brookfield Community School, Tupton Hall School, Parkside Community School, Netherthorpe School, Outwood Academy Newbold, The Bolsover School, Springwell Community College, Heritage High School and Whittington Green School. Almost half have a sixth form. There is also a Roman Catholic school, St Mary's Roman Catholic High School, in Newbold.

A further education college, Chesterfield College with over 15,000 students, stands within five minutes' walk of Chesterfield railway station.[54]

Religious sites[edit]

The crooked spire today
The twist in the Spire

Chesterfield is perhaps best known for the crooked spire of its Church of Saint Mary and All Saints and is why the local football team is known as The Spireites.

The spire is both twisted and leaning, twisting 45 degrees and leaning 9 feet 6 inches (2.90 m) from its true centre. Folklore recounts that a Bolsover blacksmith mis-shod the Devil, who leapt over the spire in pain, knocking it out of shape. More realistically, the lean has been attributed to various causes, including the absence of skilled craftsmen (just 12 years after the Black Death), the use of unseasoned timber, and insufficient cross-bracing.[55] The bend follows the direction of the sun and has been caused by heat expansion and a weight it was not designed for. The tower on which the spire sits contains ten bells cast in 1947 by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in London, replacing a previous ring. The heaviest weighs 25 long hundredweight (2,800 lb; 1,300 kg).[55]

Also within Chesterfield is the Annunciation Church, founded by the Jesuits in 1854 and was designed by Joseph Hansom.

Sports and leisure[edit]

Chesterfield is home to the National League club Chesterfield FC, which formerly played at the Recreation Ground (usually referred to as Saltergate). The Chesterfield club is known as the Spireites, after the crooked spire. In 2005 plans were announced to build a new stadium on the old Dema Glass site north of the town in Whittington Moor. Construction of the new B2net Stadium began in summer 2009 and completed for the 2010/2011 season. It became the Proact Stadium for the 2012–2013 season due to restructuring of the sponsor company. The team's most notable achievement in recent decades was in April 1997, when it reached the semi-final of the FA Cup, losing to Middlesbrough in a replay after a 3–3 draw at Old Trafford. There was controversy over Chesterfield scoring a goal not given by referee David Elleray, who decided the ball had not crossed the goal line from a Jonathan Howard shot. Video replays showed this was incorrect. Had the goal stood, the club might have progressed to the final of the FA Cup for the first time in its history – a feat which no club in the third tier of the league has yet achieved. The team has fierce rivalry with the neighbouring town Mansfield.

In 2006 Chesterfield beat Premier League heavyweights Manchester City and West Ham to move into the last 16 of the League Cup where it was narrowly beaten on penalties by Charlton Athletic. Despite its League Cup exploits, Chesterfield was relegated on the penultimate game of the season.

Chesterfield Ladies FC have women's and girls' teams and is based at Queen's Park Annexe; it plays in the Sheffield & Hallamshire Girls County League.

The town also has an amateur Sunday football league that hosts over 100 teams on a Sunday morning. The Chesterfield and District Sunday Football League consists of nine divisions and three cup competitions.

Chesterfield Panthers Rugby Union Football Club was formed in 1919 and played its first game in 1920.[56] It fields three men's senior squads, a senior ladies squad and numerous junior teams — the senior squads can be found training on Tuesday and Thursday nights from 7 pm. They moved for the 2013/2014 season to a new purpose-built ground on the outskirts, at 2012 Dunston Road, from their former Stonegravels site. The facilities include three pitches, one floodlit, numerous changing rooms, and a large open-plan bar area. The first XV won the Midlands North 4 championship in 2013/2014 and returned to the Midlands North 3 for the first time in 25 years. The second XV won the Notts, Lincs and Derbys Cup competition. The sparked extra interest in the club and the game. It has become a nurturing ground for players who move to professional level in such clubs as Northampton Saints and London Wasps.

Chesterfield Spires RLFC is a rugby league club formed in the town in 2003 and currently playing in the RL Merit League.

Chesterfield has a competitive athletic team, which competes regularly all over England: Chesterfield & District Athletic Club.[57][58][59]

Queen's Park hosts the Chesterfield Cricket Club and acts as an out-ground of Derbyshire County Cricket Club.

Chesterfield has a men's hockey team, which competes in the Midland's Premier Hockey League. The side has typically been mid-table or battled against relegation until its greatest success, when it recruited the Australian import striker Adam Clifford from Tasmania. During his two seasons Clifford scored over 50 goals and Chesterfield narrowly lost the league in the final weeks by a single point.

CSCLogo.png

Chesterfield Swimming Club, the largest competitive swimming club in North Derbyshire, is based at the Queen's Park Sports Centre in Boythorpe Road. In October 2011 it began delivering the programme for Derventio eXcel (Performance Swim Squad for Derbyshire) for the North East of the county. In 2012, Chesterfield SC took part in the Arena National Swimming League and achieved promotion to the top division at the first attempt. Further success raised its membership.[60]

A speedway training track operated at Glasshouse Farm in the early 1950s.

Queen's Park[edit]

Queen's Park, just outside the town centre, recently benefited from a multimillion-pound programme of investment, allowing it to host county cricket again. Alderman T P Wood, Mayor of Chesterfield in 1886 proposed that local land be acquired by the Local Board to create a public park for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887. It officially opened in 1893. The park includes a cricket field, pavilion, lake, conservatory, bandstand, and miniature railway. A further 13 acres (5.3 ha) of land south of the park was acquired as a memorial to Queen Victoria in 1901 and laid out as a recreation ground known as Queen's Park Annex.[61]

Queen's Park Sports Centre[edit]

Queens Park Sports Centre was constructed in the mid and late 20th century within Queen's Park, adjacent to its western boundary. It included a swimming pool, gym, several indoor courts (for various sports) and several more outdoor tennis courts, before it was closed in December 2015.[62]

A new £11.2 million Queen's Park Sports Centre opened in January 2016 on the Queen's Park Annex south of Queen's Park.[63] It includes an eight-lane swimming pool, a learner pool, a gym, an eight-court sports hall, squash courts, training rooms, an exercise-class studio, a climbing wall and a café.[64]

Healthy Living Centre, Staveley[edit]

The Healthy Living Centre at Staveley opened in Spring 2008. It has a 25 m (82 ft) swimming pool with a movable platform, an 11 m (36 ft) climbing wall, leisure facilities such as an indoor children's soft-play area, crèche facilities, a fitness suite, health spa and dance studios.[65]

Skate park[edit]

A 565 m2 (6,080 sq ft) skate park, built by Freestyle, opened in June 2009 on land behind Ravenside Retail Park and B&Q, near Horns Bridge.[66][67]

Public services[edit]

Chesterfield is policed by Derbyshire Constabulary. Chesterfield Police Station in New Beetwell St is the Division 'C' Headquarters, with local police stations in Bolsover, Clay Cross, Dronfield, Killamarsh, Newbold, Staveley, and Shirebrook.

In health care, Chesterfield has two NHS hospitals, Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust in Calow, with maternity services and accident and emergency department, and the smaller Walton Hospital run by Derbyshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust. In 1984, the entire site of the old Chesterfield Royal Hospital in the town centre was purchased by an orthopaedic surgeon, who converted the lower portion of the hospital, adjoining Infirmary Road and Durrant Road, into the Alexandra Private Hospital.

As with the rest of Derbyshire, Chesterfield is covered by the East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) and the Derbyshire, Leicestershire & Rutland Air Ambulance.

Chesterfield is served by Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service, which has fire stations in Chesterfield, Clay Cross, Clowne and Staveley. Chesterfield fire station moved from Whittington Moor to a newly built station located behind B&Q at Horns Bridge.[68]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people to come from Chesterfield include:

Other prominent people connected with the town:

Twinnings[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chesterfield" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 111.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Chesterfield Local Authority (1946157135)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Chesterfield Roman Fort". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Chesterfield History". Tim Lambert. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  5. ^ The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, edited by Victor Watts, Cambridge University Press 2004.
  6. ^ "Visit Chesterfield". Chesterfield Borough Council. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  7. ^ Pegge, Samuel (1769). A succinct and authentic narrative of the Battle of Chesterfield, AD 1266 in the reign of King Henry III. XXXVI. Archaeologica. pp. 276–85.
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  9. ^ "Chesterfield (All Saints)". A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. 1848. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  10. ^ Young, Frederic A Jr. (1991). Local Administrative Units of England. II: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 70, 660. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
  11. ^ Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 40. ISBN 0-11-750847-0.
  12. ^ "Story of Chesterfield". Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Chesterfield Borough Council – Current Local Plan". www.chesterfield.gov.uk. 9 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Chesterfield Borough Council – Green wedges and strategic gaps". www.chesterfield.gov.uk. 2 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Council Departments". Derbyshire County Council. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  16. ^ "Council Structures". Chesterfield Borough Council. 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  17. ^ "Derbyshire County Council elections – derbyshire – thisisderbyshirepo". thisisderbyshire.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
  18. ^ "Borough Councillors". Chesterfield Borough Council. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
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  20. ^ "Derbyshire". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  21. ^ a b c d e Seddon, Peter (November 2010). "Chesterfield Borough Council – Its Coat of Arms Explained – Bygone Derbyshire". Bygone Derbyshire. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
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  23. ^ "Chesterfield snubs chance to join Sheffield City Region | TheBusinessDesk.com". East Midlands. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
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  25. ^ a b Wrightson, John. "CASINO ADVISORY PANEL Formal Proposal Cover Sheet" (PDF). culture.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2007.
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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°14′09″N 1°25′39″W / 53.23583°N 1.42750°W / 53.23583; -1.42750