List of Chinese mushrooms and fungi

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Edible mushrooms and fungi are often used in Chinese cuisine, either fresh or dried. According to Chinese traditional medicine, many types of mushroom affect the eater's physical and emotional wellbeing.

Chinese mushrooms and fungi[edit]

Scientific names Commonly used names Image Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Translation Notes, other Chinese names
Agrocybe aegerita, Agrocybe cylindracea poplar mushroom, velvet pioppino Velvet pioppini mushroom dried.jpg 茶樹菇 茶树菇 cháshùgū tea tree mushroom
Auricularia auricula-judae wood ear Mu Err Pilz.jpg 黑木耳 黑木耳 hēimù'ěr black wood ear
Auricularia polytricha cloud ear fungus Auricularia polytricha.jpg (白背)毛木耳 (白背)毛木耳 (báibèi)máomù'ĕr (white backed) hairy wood ear Similar to wood ears, but coarser. Generally used in soups.
Clitocybe maxima Clitocybe maxima Chémery 11.JPG 猪肚菇 猪肚菇 zhūdǔgū pig stomach mushroom
Coprinus comatus shaggy ink cap 2006-10-22Coprinus comatus02.jpg 雞腿菇 鸡腿菇 jītuǐgū (white backed) chicken thigh mushroom
Dacryopinax spathularia sweet osmanthus ear Dacryopinax spathularia 19080 cropped.jpg 桂花耳 桂花耳 guìhuā'ěr osmanthus ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Flammulina velutipes enoki EnokitakeJapaneseMushroom.jpg 金(針)菇 金(针)菇 jīn(zhēn)gū gold (needle) mushroom Cultivated variety shown, wild differs in appearance.
Ganoderma lucidum reishi mushroom Jreishi2.jpg 靈芝 灵芝 língzhī supernatural mushroom Very bitter but believed to be medicinally highly potent. Often made into a tea or broth with Chinese wolfberries.
Gloeostereum incarnatum 榆耳 榆耳 yú'ěr elm ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Hericium erinaceus lion's mane mushroom, bearded tooth mushroom 2006-11-03 Hericium erinaceus crop.jpg 猴頭菇 猴头菇 hóutóugū monkey head mushroom
Hypsizygus tessellatus white beech mushroom Hypsizygus tessellatus04.jpg 蟹味菇 蟹味菇 xièwèigū crab flavor mushroom
Lentinula edodes shiitake Lentinula edodes 20101113 c.jpg 香菇 香菇 xiānggū fragrant mushroom
Macrolepiota albuminosa, Termitomyces albuminosus 雞肉絲菇 鸡肉丝菇 jīròusīgū chicken meat strip mushroom
Phallus indusiatus bamboo fungus Bamboo pith mushroom.jpg 竹蓀屬 竹荪属 zhúsūnshǔ Considered an aphrodisiac. Used in chicken soups.
Pleurotus eryngii king oyster mushroom Seta de cardo (Pleurotus eryngii), 2012-10-03, DD 01.JPG 杏鮑菇 杏鲍菇 xìngbàogū almond abalone mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus 89284.jpg 蠔菇 蚝菇 háogū oyster mushroom Also known as 秀珍菇 (pinyin: xiùzhēngū)
Russula virescens green brittlegill Russula virescens BŻ2.1.jpg 變綠紅菇 变绿红菇 biànlǜhónggū change green red mushroom
Thelephora ganbajun dried beef mushroom 2014-07-26 Thelephora ganbajun M. Zang 443675.jpg 干巴菌 干巴菌 gānbājùn ganba mushroom Discovered in 1987, now highly prized. It takes its name from 干巴牛肉 (pinyin: gānbāniúròu), a Yunnanese specialty of dried beef.
Tremella aurantialba 金耳 金耳 jīn'ěr golden ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Tremella frondosa 黃耳 黃耳 huáng'ěr yellow ear Used in Buddha's delight. Also known as 叶银耳 (pinyin: yèyín'ěr; literally: "leaf wood ear")
Tremella fuciformis silver ear fungus, snow fungus Eunibeoseot (Tremella fuciformis) silver ear mushroom.jpg 银耳 银耳 yín'ěr silver ear Also known as 雪耳(pinyin: xuě'ěr; literally: "snow ear") and 白木耳 (pinyin: báimù'ěr; literally: "white wood ear")
Tricholoma matsutake matsutake Matsutake.jpg 松茸 松茸 sōngróng pine bud Expensive delicacy, especially highly prized in Japan.
Volvariella volvacea paddy straw mushroom Het fang.jpg 草菇 草菇 cǎogū straw mushroom

See also[edit]