Hericium erinaceus

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Hericium erinaceus
Igelstachelbart Nov 06.jpg
Scientific classification
H. erinaceus
Binomial name
Hericium erinaceus
  • Clavaria erinaceus
  • Dryodon erinaceus
  • Hydnum erinaceus
Hericium erinaceus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
teeth on hymenium
no distinct cap
lacks a stipe
spore print is white
ecology is parasitic
edibility: choice

Hericium erinaceus (also called lion's mane mushroom, monkey head mushroom,[1] bearded tooth mushroom, satyr's beard, bearded hedgehog mushroom, pom pom mushroom, or bearded tooth fungus) is an edible and medicinal mushroom belonging to the tooth fungus group. Native to North America, Europe and Asia it can be identified by its long spines (greater than 1 cm length), its appearance on hardwoods and its tendency to grow a single clump of dangling spines.[2] Hericium erinaceus can be mistaken for other species of Hericium, all popular edibles, which grow across the same range. In the wild, these mushrooms are common during late summer and fall on hardwoods, particularly American beech.[citation needed]


Hericium erinaceus contains a number of polysaccharides, such as B-glucan, heteroglucans, and heteroxylans, as well as several cyathane derivative diterpenoids known as hericenones and erinacines.[2]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Monkey Head Mushroom - GANOFARM". GANOFARM. 2017-04-10. Retrieved 2018-01-04.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b Friedman, Mendel (2015). "Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health-Promoting Properties of Hericium erinaceus (Lion's Mane) Mushroom Fruiting Bodies and Mycelia and Their Bioactive Compounds". J. Agric. Food Chem. 63 (32): 7108–7123. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.5b02914. PMID 26244378.