Christ Carrying the Cross (Bosch, Ghent)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2015)|
|Artist||follower of Hieronymus Bosch|
|Type||Oil on panel|
|Dimensions||74 cm × 81 cm (29 in × 32 in)|
|Location||Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent, Belgium|
Christ Carrying the Cross is a painting formerly generally attributed to Hieronymus Bosch. It was painted in the early 16th century, presumably between 1500 and 1535. The work is housed in the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent, Belgium.
The work was bought by the Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent in 1902, and was restored in 1956–1957. As for all Bosch related works, the dating is uncertain, although most art historians assigned it to his late career. The catalog of the Bosch exhibition held in Rotterdam in 2001 assigned it 1510–1535, attributing the execution to an imitator. According to one of the authors, Bernard Vermet, it is not as typical for Bosch is generally accepted and he finds it hard to believe that it was pained by the same painter as the Christ Crowned with Thorns (Bosch, London) in National Gallery in Londen. Moreover the colours remind him of the manierists of the 1530' and he relates the work to the Tritych of the Passion in Valencia and the Christ before Pilate in Princeton, works that were definitely painted after the death of Bosch. Since then the rejection has been accepted by Stephan Fischer  and disputed by Fritz Koreny  In October 2015 the Bosch Research and Conservation Project, that is doing technical research on most of Bosch's paintings since 2007, confirmed they reject the attribution to Bosch as well and consider it to be made by a follower. The museum's director was quoted on the same occasion as stating that if it was not by Bosch, than by a genius even greater than Bosch.
The work depicts Jesus carrying the cross above a dark background, surrounded by numerous heads, most of which characterized with grotesque faces. There are a total of eighteen portraits, plus one on Veronica's veil. Jesus has a woeful expression, his closed eyes and the head reclinate.
In the bottom right corner is the impenitent thief, who sneers against three men who are mocking him. The penitent thief is at top right: he is portrayed with a very pale skin, while being confessed by a horribly ugly monk.
- Varallo, Franca (2004). Bosch. Milan.
- Koldeweij, Vandenbroeck en Vermet (2001): p. 97.
- S. Fischer. Hieronymus Bosch. Complete Works. Köln (Taschen Verlag) 2013.
- F. Koreny. Hieronymus Bosch. Die Zeichnungen. Turnhout (Brepols) 2012.
- [htttp://nos.nl/nieuwsuur/artikel/2066164-twee-beroemde-werken-toch-niet-van-jeroen-bosch.html Twee beroemde werken toch niet van Jeroen Bosch], NOS, 31 oktober 2015
- Varallo, Franca (2004). Bosch. Milan: Skira.
- Anonymous. Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage Photolibrary, object number 78628, as Hieronymus Bosch, Christus draagt het kruis, circa 1510-1535, 76.7 × 83.5 cm (30.2 × 32.9 in). Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Anonymous. Bildarchiv Foto Marburg, Bildindex der Kunst und Architektur, Object 20390576, as Hieronymus Bosch, Kreuztragung, 74 × 81 cm (29.1 × 31.9 in). Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Friedländer, Max J. (1969). Early Netherlandisch Painting. Volume V. Geertgen tot Sint Jans and Jerome Bosch. Leiden: A.W. Slijthof. p. 82.
- Koldeweij, A.M.; Vandenbroeck, P.; Vermet, B. (2001), Jheronimus Bosch. Alle schilderijen en tekeningen, Rotterdam: NAi Uitgevers, p. 79, ISBN 90-5662-219-6
- Media related to Christ Carrying the Cross by Hieronymus Bosch (Ghent) at Wikimedia Commons