Christiansfeld

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Christiansfeld
Town
The Moravian Church in Christiansfeld
The Moravian Church in Christiansfeld
Coat of arms of Christiansfeld
Coat of arms
Christiansfeld is located in Denmark
Christiansfeld
Christiansfeld
Coordinates: 55°21′24″N 9°29′11″E / 55.35667°N 9.48635°E / 55.35667; 9.48635Coordinates: 55°21′24″N 9°29′11″E / 55.35667°N 9.48635°E / 55.35667; 9.48635
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
MunicipalityKolding
Population
 (2014)
 • Total2,855
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6070 Christiansfeld
Websitewww.christiansfeldcentret.dk (in Danish)
Official nameChristiansfeld, a Moravian Church Settlement
Criteria(iii)(iv)
Reference1468
Inscription2015 (39th Session)

Christiansfeld, with a population of 2,855 (1 January 2014),[1] is a town in Kolding Municipality in Southern Jutland in Region of Southern Denmark. The town was founded in 1773 by the Moravian Church and named after the Danish king Christian VII.[2] Since July 2015 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History[edit]

Most of Christiansfeld was constructed in the years 1773-1800, following a strict city plan. To encourage construction, king Christian VII promised a ten-year tax holiday for the city and paid 10% of the construction costs of new houses. It was one of many towns in Schleswig officially designated a small market town (flække).

In 1864, Christiansfeld and the rest of Schleswig was ceded to Prussia as a result of Denmark's defeat in the Second Schleswig War. It remained a part of Germany until 1920 when, as a part of a plebiscite called for by the Treaty of Versailles, Northern Schleswig voted to rejoin Denmark. After reunification, the Moravian church lost some of the rights it had obtained as a part of the town's founding in the 18th century. For example, it no longer had the ability to choose the towns leadership, paving the way for the town's first Danish mayor who was not a member of the church in 1920.[3] The church also sold its schools at this time due to the declining membership of its congregation.

From 1970 to 2007, the town was the administrative seat of Christiansfeld Municipality, but it lost this status and was placed in the Kolding Municipality as a part of the Municipal Reform of 2007 (Kommunalreformen 2007).

Today, the city is a tourist attraction: the old city core, the Moravian Church with its light, simple and impressive hall and the special cemetery draw thousands of tourists each year. Its well preserved architecture is one of the reasons it was nominated as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.[4] It was finally inscribed on the main list on 4 July 2015.[5]

The town is famed for its honey cakes. These are baked to a secret recipe from 1783. Until 2008, the cakes were baked in the original 18th-century bakery, which was then renovated because of new national sanitary standards, but still uses the original recipes.

Notable people[edit]

  • Christian David Gebauer (1777–1831) a German-born Danish animal and landscape painter, also known for etchings; brought up in Christiansfeld
  • Johann Christian Gebauer (1808–1884) a Danish composer, organist and music theorist, brought up in Christiansfeld
  • Camilla Collett (1813–1895) a Norwegian writer, often referred to as the first Norwegian feminist, went to school in Christiansfeld
  • Samuel Kleinschmidt (1814 in Greenland – 1886) a German/Danish missionary linguist, teacher in Christiansfeld 1837-1841
  • Theodor Brorsen (1819–1895) a Danish astronomer, discovered of five comets; went to school in Christiansfeld
  • Carl Bock (1849–1932) a Norwegian government official, author, naturalist and explorer; went to school in Christiansfeld
  • Henrik Toft (born 1981 in Christiansfeld) a Danish professional footballer, who currently plays for Kolding BK
  • Maya Olesen, competitor for Denmark [6] in Miss World 2011 [7] comes from Christiansfeld

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas" database from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ Dansk Stednavne Leksikon, JYLLAND - Sydlige del, FYN med omliggende øer, (page 30). ISBN 87-00-55221-6 (in Danish)
  3. ^ A Town Walk in Christiansfeld Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  5. ^ "Sites in Denmark, France and Turkey inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List". unesco.org. UNESCO. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  6. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 2 May 2018
  7. ^ Miss Denmark website (in Danish) retrieved 2 May 2018

External links[edit]

Media related to Christiansfeld at Wikimedia Commons