Chu Chin Chow
|Chu Chin Chow|
Oscar Asche in Chu Chin Chow
|Basis||Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves|
1916 West End |
1940/1941 West End revival
Chu Chin Chow is a musical comedy written, produced and directed by Oscar Asche, with music by Frederic Norton, based (with minor embellishments) on the story of Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves. The piece premièred at His Majesty's Theatre in London on 3 August 1916 and ran for five years and a total of 2,238 performances (more than twice as many as any previous musical), an astonishing record that stood for nearly forty years until Salad Days. The show's first American production in New York, with additional lyrics by Arthur Anderson, played for 208 performances in 1917–1918, starring Tyrone Power. It subsequently had successful seasons elsewhere in America and Australia, including in 1919, 1920, 1921 and 1922.
A silent film of the musical, starring Betty Blythe, was produced in 1925 using some of the music. A talking film, with the score intact, was made by the Gainsborough Studios in 1934, with George Robey as Ali Baba, Fritz Kortner as Abu Hasan, Anna May Wong as Zahrat Al-Kulub, Frank Cochrane reprising his stage role of the cobbler, and Laurence Hanray as Kasim. The show toured the British provinces for many years. It returned to London in 1940 for 80 performances, when it was interrupted by the London bombing but then returned in 1941 for another 158 nights. In 1953, an ice version was produced at London’s Empire Pool, Wembley, starring Tyrone Power, which also toured the provinces and abroad. Occasional productions are still mounted, including one in July 2008 by the Finborough Theatre in London, England.
The success of the "Arabian Nights" adaptation Kismet, a 1911 play by Edward Knoblock, inspired Oscar Asche to write and produce Chu Chin Chow. Asche directed the musical and played the lead role of Abu Hasan, leader of the forty thieves (the "Chu Chin Chow" of the title refers to the robber chief when impersonating one of his victims). Besides Asche, the production starred his wife, Lily Brayton, and the former D'Oyly Carte Opera Company star Courtice Pounds. Costumes were by the designer Percy Anderson.
Chu Chin Chow was described as a combination of musical comedy and pantomime. It was a big budget spectacular costing £5,300, with over a dozen scene changes, fantastic sets, big dance routines, exotic costumes and Asche's well-known innovative lighting designs. The design for the show was influenced by the English taste for all things connected with Asia (known as "orientalism") which had originated with Diaghilev’s production of the ballet Scheherazade. Theatre journal The Era said that Norton's music had "a touch of the East but for the most part it was on a level with the tender melody of musical comedy" and "hardly inspired". Nevertheless, many of the songs became hits, and "The Cobbler's Song" and "Any Time’s Kissing Time" in particular entered the repertoire of ballad singers for at least three or four decades.
Tickets to see Chu Chin Chow were particularly eagerly sought by troops on leave from the Western Front. One of the attractions for the on-leave soldiers was the chorus of pretty slave girls who, for the period, were very scantily dressed. Complaints, not by the soldiers, resulted in the Lord Chamberlain (the British theatre censor) viewing the show and requiring "this naughtiness" to be stopped—at least for a while. The cast was large and included a camel, a donkey, poultry and snakes. 2.8 million tickets to the show were issued. The year following the premiere of the musical, a souvenir booklet was prepared, which included a novelized version of the play by Willam A. Page. He included additional background explanations to explain the scenery and physical attributes of the characters.
Chu Chin Chow was one of three hit musical shows that are most associated with the London musical stage during World War I (the others being The Bing Boys Are Here and The Maid of the Mountains), and music or scenes from these have been included as background in many films set in this period. The three shows were very different from each other. The Bing Boys was a revue, The Maid was essentially an operetta, and Chu Chin Chow is often considered an adult pantomime. Other popular musicals of the period were Theodore & Co (1916), The Happy Day (1916), The Boy (1917) and Yes, Uncle! (1917). Audiences wanted light and uplifting entertainment during the war, and all these shows delivered it.
The wealthy merchant Kasim Baba (brother of Ali Baba) is preparing to give a lavish banquet at his home for a wealthy Chinese merchant, Chu Chin Chow, who is on his way from China. The robber chieftain, Abu Hasan, wishes to add to his riches the property of Kasim. Abu Hasan forces his captive, the beautiful Zahrat al-Kulub, to spy for him in Kasim's house, disguised as a slave girl, by holding her lover hostage. She is nearly found out several times. Zahrat sends a message to Abu Hasan, letting him know about the banquet. Hasan arrives at Kasim's palace in disguise as Chu Chin Chow, whom his gang has robbed and murdered. He tries to glean information that will enable him to rob his host.
Meanwhile, the slaves tell Ali Baba, Kasim's poor, lazy brother, about Hasan's secret cave and the password "open sesame". Ali Baba enters the lair helps himself to some of the thieves' treasure. The greedy Kasim persuades his brother to tell him where his sudden wealth came from and slips out to see what he can find at Hasan's cave. Kasim finds the treasure but is captured by Abu Hasan and put to death. Hasan and his forty thieves plan an attack on Baba household on the occasion of the wedding of Ali Baba's son Nur al-Huda Ali and the slave girl Marjanah.
Finally, on the eve of the attack, Zahrat gets her revenge by disposing of Hasan's men using boiling oil, stabbing Abu Hasan to death, and generally saving the day. Zahrat and her lover are reunited, Ali Baba gets Kasim's widow, Alcolom, and all ends happily.
3 August 1916
|Original Broadway cast,|
22 October 1917
|Abu Hasan||Oscar Asche||Tyrone Power, Sr.|
|Kasim Baba/Cobbler||Frank Cochrane||Albert Howson|
|Ali Baba||Courtice Pounds||Henry Dixey|
|Nur al-Huda Ali||J. V. Bryant||George Rasely|
|Abdullah||Norman Williams||Francis J. Boyle|
|Marjanah||Violet Essex||Tessa Kosta|
|Zahrat al-Kulub||Lily Brayton||Florence Reed|
|Alcolom||Aileen D'Orme||Kate Condon|
|Mahbubah||Sydney Fairbrother||Lucy Beaumont|
- Act 1
- Here Be Oysters Stewed in Honey (Abdullah and Chorus)
- I am Chu Chin Chow (Abu Hasan and Chorus)
- Cleopatra's Nile (Marjanah and Chorus)
- I'll Sing and Dance (Ali Baba and Company)
- Corraline (Nur-al-Huda and Marjanah)
- When a Pullet Is Plump (Ali Baba)
- We Are the Robbers of the Woods (Robber's Chorus)
- All My Days Till End of Life (Marjanah and Ali Baba) *
- Temperamental Am I (Ali Baba, Marjanah and Nur)
- Behold (Abdullah)
- Desert Song (Zahrat and Chorus)
- Act 2
- I Long for the Sun (Alcolom and Chorus)
- Mahbubah (Ali, Kassim, Marjanah, Nur and Alcolom)
- I Built a Fairy Palace (Mahbubah)
- The Song of the Scimitar (Abu Hasan and Chorus)
- Any Time's Kissing Time (Alcolom)
- The Cobbler's Song (Baba Mustafa)
- We Bring Ye Fruits (Fruit Girls)
- From Cairo, Baghdad, Khorasan (Otbah)
- How Dear Is Our Day (Alcolom and Ali Baba)
- Olive Oil (Abdullah and Chorus)
- Wedding Procession (Ensemble)
- Additional Songs added in the 1940 revival
- I Shiver and Shake with Fear (Ali Baba, Marjanah and Nur-Al-Huda)
- Beans, Beans, Beans (Mabudah)
- At Siesta Time (Marjanah and Chorus)
- If I Liken Thy Shape (Marjanah and Nur-al-Huda)
Major productions included the following:
- His Majesty's Theatre 1916–1921 (2,238 performances)
- Broadway 1917–1918 (208 performances)
- Australia 1920–1921
- Regent Theatre, London 1928–1929
- London revival, 1940–1941 (238 performances)
- 1953 London and New York ice rink productions
- The Finborough Theatre in London performed a semi-staged, score-in-hand production of Chu Chin Chow in July 2008, starring Alan Cox.
- Label: Broadcast Twelve UK 5039. Issued 1929 10" 'Selection From "Chu Chin Chow" (Parts I & 2)'
In popular culture
- The lead character, Mame Dennis, mentions several times in the novel Auntie Mame (and the play and film versions) that she adored her time as a chorus girl in Chu Chin Chow with her bosom buddy Vera Charles and tries to recreate the experience.
- The name of American comic book character Fin Fang Foom is inspired by the title of Chu Chin Chow, according to creator Stan Lee, who had seen the 1934 film version as a boy.
- Gänzl, Kurt. "Chu Chin Chow Musical Tale of the East In 3 Acts, Music by Frederic Norton", Operetta Research Center, 9 July 2016
- Compilation of longest-running plays in history Archived 2010-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.
- Although Salad Days was the first musical to break the Chu Chin Chow record, the first play to break its record was Abie's Irish Rose in 1927. See: "Abroad", The Manchester Guardian June 2, 1927, ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The Guardian and The Observer, p. 15
- "Chu Chin Chow (1934): A Robust Operetta". The New York Times, 22 September 1934, accessed 2 August 2010
- Chu Chin Chow (2008) at the Finborough Theatre, London, website archive, accessed 23 December 2010
- "A Tonic to the Imagination" (Anderson's costume designs on display at the Harry Ransom Center collection), The University of Texas at Austin, accessed 26 May 2012
- Trutt, David (ed). Introduction to "Chu Chin Chow" novelization, p. 3, 2010, accessed 18 November 2010
- Chu Chin Chow Archived 2008-07-04 at the Wayback Machine., Musical Theatre Guided Tour (PeoplePlay UK), accessed October 3, 2008
- The Times, 27 December 1928
- "Chu Chin Chow at The Finborough", 2008
- See, e.g., Lawrence, Jerome and Robert Edwin Lee, Auntie Mame, Act I, scene 7, p. 38, Dramatists Play Service Inc (1999) ISBN 0822217309
- "Bullpen Bulletins" (Jun. 2000 Marvel comics): "Stan's Soapbox", by Stan Lee. Lee states this in the audio interview in Amazing Marvel Universe by Roy Thomas and Stan Lee.
- "Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Interview!", Alter Ego, vol. 3, issue 104, p. 21, August 2011, accessed August 20, 2012
- Colin Larkin (ed) Guinness Who's Who of Stage Musicals ISBN 0-85112-756-8
- Synopsis and other information about Chu Chin Chow from the Guide to Musical Theatre
- CD notes "Chu Chin Chow" Angel Records
- record notes; "British Light Music" by Philip Sourcroft