Chu Văn An High School (Hanoi)
|Chu Van An National High School for the Gifted
Bưởi High school
|10 Thuy Khue Str., Tay Ho
Chu Van An High School (Vietnamese: Trường Trung học phổ thông Quốc gia Chu Văn An), also known as Chu Van An National School or Pomelo School (trường Bưởi, before 1945) is one of the three provincial public magnet high schools in Hanoi, Vietnam, along with Hanoi-Amsterdam High School and Nguyen Hue High School. Established by French authorities in 1908 as High School of the Protectorate (French: Lycée du Protectorat), this is one of the oldest institutions for secondary education in Indochina. Despite the initial purpose of the French government for this school which was training native civil servant to serve in their colonial establishments, Vietnamese students at Bưởi school, common name of the school, had many times struggled against colonial doctrine and the ruling power. With that patriotic and hard-working traditions, a lot of Bưởi alumni became important figures in many area of Vietnam society such as the revolutionary Phạm Văn Đồng, doctor Tôn Thất Tùng or poet Xuân Diệu.
In 1945, Bưởi school was renamed Chu Van An High School and continued to keep its tradition in education and patriotism. Nowadays, Chu Van An High School is one of three national high school of Vietnam along with Le Hong Phong High School in Ho Chi Minh City and Quoc Hoc High School in Huế.
On 12 December 1908, the Governor-General of Indochina Antony Wladislas Klobukowski made a decision to create Collège du Protectorat (College of the Protectorate, similar to the secondary school) based on the merger of the Thông ngôn Bờ sông school, the Jules Ferry Nam Dinh secondary school and the pedagogy class (Cours normal) on Pottier street. In 1931, the school was upgraded to a lycée (similar to the high school) - Lycée du Protectorat(The school of Protectorate). However, because the school was built on the land of Thuy Khuê village (in the Hậu Lê era, it was the place where the palace Thụy Chương was built at the Kẻ Bưởi area, beside the West Lake (Hanoi) so the residents here called it the Bưởi school. Bưởi school was the name which students who opposed to the France used when mentioned to the school in order not to call the official name which was named by the French.
By 1943, because of the break out of the World War II, the school had to move to the Phúc Nhạc monastery in Ninh Bình and the others moved to Thanh Hóa, in 1945 they backed to Hà Nội. However, the number of students still increased from 1937 (190 students) to 1944 (424 students). After Japan overthrow France, on 12 June 1945, the northern king's special envoy Phan Kế Toại decided to change the name to Chu Van An high school - named after the famous teacher in the history of Viet Nam Chu Văn An and appointed professor Nguyễn Gia Tường to the principal position, that was the first Vietnamese principal of the Bưởi - Chu Văn An high school. The name of the school has been used from that until now, despite of evacuating for sometimes in the Indochina War I.
After the Đông Kinh Nghĩa Thục school was forced to close in 1907, the French extended the Chu Van An school in order to train the Vietnamese high - graded officer for the ruling system, but in northern province at that time there was only one school that was the Bưởi school was lycée for Vietnamese students because lycée Albert Sarraut was for French students, and they chose just a few Vietnamese students (that was the main opponent of the Bưởi school in studying achievement and sport), and a long time after that they added another schools in Hải Phòng, Nam Định,... so this was the beginning of the Vietnamese young intelligentsias, they chose 120 students of all Northern province for a year (and the proportion of students in northern province was lowest of the country, just 1 student/10000 people) had a chance to learn in Bưởi school at that time was a big pride, students of the school worked in economy, cultural branch, almost all of the representatives were excellent. Not only Vietnamese students, Bưởi school was also the place where students of Laos and Cambodia went to learn such as Souphanouvong and Kaysone Phomvihane. The tuition fee at that time was about 4 Indochina Dong for one month, so getting scholarships were very important.
As one of three high school for gifted students in Hanoi (together with Hanoi - Amsterdam High School and Nguyen Hue Specialized High School), Chu Van An High School is highly selective in its admission process. Every year, the school receives over 3000 applications out of which only 500 to 600 would be admitted for the new class year. Applicants wishing to enroll in school are required to take an entrance examination conducted by Hanoi Department of Education and Training. This examination usually takes place around mid-June with three obligatory subjects, which are Mathematics, Literature and English, plus one additional subject for students who want to be admitted in specialized classes, for example Mathematics or Informatics class candidates have to take Mathematics while History class ones have to take History. The admission list will be announced in early July based on student's ranking by results in examination.
Chu Xuan Dung 2012 - 2015 Le Mai Anh 2015 - present
- As of 2006. "Chu Van An High School - 2005-2006 school year". Chu Van An High School official website. 2008-05-15.
- Trinh, Van Thao (1995). L'école française en Indochine - Hommes et sociétés (in French). KARTHALA Editions. ISBN 2-86537-572-2.
- (Vietnamese) - Chu Van An High School official website