Chumphon

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Chumphon

ชุมพร
Town
Chumphon is located in Thailand
Chumphon
Chumphon
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 10°29′38″N 99°10′48″E / 10.49389°N 99.18000°E / 10.49389; 99.18000
CountryThailand
ProvinceChumphon Province
DistrictMueang Chumphon District
Area
 • Total8.15 sq mi (21.10 km2)
Elevation
39 ft (12 m)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Websitechumphon.go.th/2013/home

Chumphon (Thai: ชุมพร, pronounced [t͡ɕʰūm.pʰɔ̄ːn]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in southern Thailand, capital of the Chumphon Province and Mueang Chumphon District. The city is about 463 kilometers (288 miles) from Bangkok. As of 2005 it had a population of 33,522.[citation needed] The town covers the commune (tambon) Tha Taphao completely and parts of tambons Bang Mak, Wang Phai, Na Thung, Tak Daet, and Khun Krathing. Its main economic activity is agriculture.

History[edit]

Chumphon volunteers fought invading Japanese during World War II. Chumphon became a rail hub for Imperial Japan. It was a station on the Southern Line and connected to the short-lived Kra Isthmus Railway.[1]

Geography[edit]

Chumphon lies just inland from the west coast of the Gulf of Thailand. To the west are the northern hills of the Phuket Range, a subrange of the Tenasserim Hills. These hills reach 400 metres (1,300 ft) in the area near Chumphon. There are also many smaller peaks in the area in the range of 100 metres (330 ft) to 200 metres (660 ft) high.

Climate[edit]

Chumphon has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) just falling short of a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af). Temperatures are hot throughout the year. The period from December to April has relatively less rainfall than from May to November, when rainfall can be very heavy, particularly in October and November.

Climate data for Chumphon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.8
(94.6)
36.4
(97.5)
38.0
(100.4)
38.8
(101.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.2
(97.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
32.1
(89.8)
33.4
(92.1)
34.5
(94.1)
33.3
(91.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.7
(80.1)
27.8
(82.0)
28.7
(83.7)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
25.3
(77.5)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72.0)
23.3
(73.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
21.4
(70.5)
23.5
(74.3)
Record low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
14.4
(57.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
21.5
(70.7)
22.1
(71.8)
21.6
(70.9)
18.8
(65.8)
16.2
(61.2)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 59.4
(2.34)
44.7
(1.76)
97.2
(3.83)
85.8
(3.38)
190.8
(7.51)
167.2
(6.58)
179.0
(7.05)
207.5
(8.17)
178.3
(7.02)
251.6
(9.91)
287.9
(11.33)
123.3
(4.85)
1,872.7
(73.73)
Average rainy days 7.6 4.7 6.4 7.9 18.4 19.2 20.3 21.5 19.8 19.7 14.6 8.1 168.2
Average relative humidity (%) 81 79 78 78 82 81 82 82 83 85 84 80 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 214.7 238.7 201.0 155.0 114.0 117.8 114.7 108.0 145.7 174.0 195.3 1,974.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.3 7.6 7.7 6.7 5.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.7 5.8 6.3 5.4
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

Transport[edit]

National Museum, Chumphon
  • Bus: There is a small bus system within the city itself. Trains and buses run to and from Bangkok every day.
Nok Air and Thai AirAsia operate multiple daily flights between Bangkok (Don Mueang, DMK) and Chumphon Airport. The airport is a hub and regional gateway providing connecting services to Chumphon city and high speed ferry services to the islands of the Gulf of Thailand including Ko Tao and Ko Samui.

Popular culture[edit]

  • In the science fiction novel, The Chronoliths, Chumphon is the landing site of the first chronolith.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Journal of Kyoto Seika University No. 27, Part IX
  2. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 22–23. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  3. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 103. Retrieved 6 August 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°29′38″N 99°10′48″E / 10.49389°N 99.18000°E / 10.49389; 99.18000