Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki

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Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki is a group of thirteen sites in Nagasaki Prefecture and Kumamoto Prefecture relating to the history of Christianity in Japan. The Nagasaki churches are unique in the sense that each tells a story about the revival of Christianity after a long period of official suppression.[1]

Proposed jointly in 2007 for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria ii, iii, iv, v, and vi, the submission currently resides on the Tentative List. The initial nomination included 26 sites; however, after reconsideration the Nagasaki Prefecture reduced the monuments to 13 sites.[2]

Christianity in Japan[edit]

Christianity arrived in Japan in 1549 with the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier. Fanning out from Nagasaki, the new faith won many converts, including a number of daimyo. Toyotomi Hideyoshi then Tokugawa Ieyasu persecuted those professing to be Christian. After the Shimabara Rebellion of 1637-1638, the official repression of Christian practices was combined with a policy of national seclusion that lasted over two centuries. With the advent of Western powers and reopening of Japan in the 1850s and the reforms of the Meiji Restoration, missionary activity was renewed and a number of Hidden Christians resurfaced. Ōura Cathedral of 1864 is the first of the churches built in subsequent years.[3]

Monuments[edit]

Name Completion Date Location Construction type Comments Image
Ōura Cathedral and Related Facilities (大浦天主堂?)[4] 1864 Nagasaki Brick National Treasure Oura Cathoilc Church.jpg
Kuroshima Church (黒島天主堂?)[5] 1902 Sasebo Brick Important Cultural Property Kuroshima church.jpg
Former Gorin Church (旧五輪教会堂?)[6] 1881 Gotō Wood Important Cultural Property 旧五輪教会.JPG
Kashiragashima Church (頭ヶ島天主堂?)[7] 1919 Shinkamigotō Stone Important Cultural Property Kashiragashima Church.JPG
Tabira Church (田平天主堂?)[8] 1917/8 Hirado Brick Not Entry Tabira Cathoric Church.jpg
Shitsu Church (出津教会?) 1882 Nagasaki Brick Shitsu church 2009AP.jpg
Ōno Church (大野教会堂?)[9] 1893 Nagasaki Stone Important Cultural Property The outside wall of Ono church.JPG
Former Nokubi Church and related remains (旧野首教会?) 1908 Ojika Brick Nokubi Church2010.jpg
Egami Church (江上天主堂?)[10] 1917/8 Gotō Wood Important Cultural Property 江上天主堂.JPG
Hara Castle remains (原城跡?)[11] Minamishimabara Historic Site Remains of Hara castle.jpg
Hinoe Castle remains (日野江城跡?)[12] Minamishimabara Not Entry 日野江城2.JPG
Hirado Island’s sacred places and villages (平戸島の聖地と集落?) Hirado, Nagasaki Important Cultural Landscape East meets west in hirado.jpg
Sakitsu Village in Amakusa (天草の﨑津集落?) Amakusa, Kumamoto Important Cultural Landscape SakitsuCatholicChurch.jpg

Previous Nominated Monuments[edit]

The list consists of sites previously nominated, but currently not in the list.

Name Completion Date Location Construction type Comments Image
Former Catholic Seminary (旧羅典神学校?)[13] 1875 Nagasaki Timber-framed Brick Important Cultural Property Latin Divinity School Nagasaki Japan03s3.jpg
Aosagaura Church (青砂ヶ浦天主堂?)[14] 1910 Shinkamigotō Brick Important Cultural Property Aosagaura Church.JPG
Mementos of Father Marc Marie de Rotz (ド・ロ神父遺跡?) Nagasaki
Former Shitsu Aid Center (旧出津救助院?)[15][16][17] Nagasaki Shelter, macaroni factory, and sardine processing area are all Important Cultural Properties Former Shitsu Aid Center 01.jpg
Dōzaki Church (堂崎教会?) 1907 Gotō Brick Douzaki Church in Nagasaki.JPG
Hōki Church (宝亀教会?) 1899 Hirado Wood/Brick HoukiChurch in Nagasaki.jpg
Christian tombstone (吉利支丹墓碑?)[18] Minamishimabara Historic Site Christian tombstones in Sahara,Kazusa.JPG
Site of the Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan (日本二十六聖人殉教地?) 1864 Nagasaki 26 muchenykiv Yaponii 03..jpg
Site of Saint Dominic Church (サント・ドミンゴ教会跡?) 1609 Nagasaki Remains of St. Domingo Church in Nagasaki.jpg
Urakami Cathedral (浦上天主堂?) 1959 Nagasaki Reinforced concrete 121223 Urakami Cathedral Nagasaki Japan01s.jpg
Former Residence of Archbishop (旧大司教館?) 1914 Nagasaki Former the archbishop hall of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Nagasaki03s3.jpg
Kaminoshima Church (神ノ島教会?) 1897 Nagasaki Brick Kaminoshima church.jpg
Kurosaki Church (黒崎教会?) 1920 Nagasaki Brick Kurosaki church.jpg
Himosashi Church (紐差教会?) 1929 Hirado Reinforced concrete Himosashi Church in Nagasaki.JPG
Ōso Church (大曾教会?) 1916 Shinkamigotō Brick

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  2. ^ "Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki". UNESCO. ; "Outline of Churches and Christian Sites". Nagasaki Prefecture. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Finn, Dallas (1995). Meiji Revisited: The Sites of Victorian Japan. Weatherhill. pp. 12f. ISBN 0-8348-0288-0. 
  4. ^ "大浦天主堂 (Ōura Cathedral) ID 3522". Database of National Cultural Properties, Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  5. ^ "黒島天主堂 (Kuroshima Church) ID 3541". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  6. ^ "旧五輪教会堂 (Former Gorin Church) ID 3543". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  7. ^ "頭ヶ島天主堂 (Kashiragashima Church) ID 3415". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  8. ^ "田平天主堂 (Tabira Church) ID 3844". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  9. ^ "大野教会堂 (Ōno Church) ID 4285". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  10. ^ "江上天主堂 (Egami Church) ID 4286". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  11. ^ "原城跡 (Site of Hara Castle) ID 2754". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  12. ^ "日野江城跡 (Site of Hinoe Castle) ID 2783". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  13. ^ "旧羅典神学校 (Former Catholic Seminary) ID 3523". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  14. ^ "青砂ヶ浦天主堂 (Aosagaura Church) ID 3417". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  15. ^ "旧出津救助院 (Former Shitsu Aid Center) ID 3841". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  16. ^ "旧出津救助院 (Former Shitsu Aid Center) ID 3842". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  17. ^ "旧出津救助院 (Former Shitsu Aid Center) ID 3843". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 
  18. ^ "吉利支丹墓碑 (Christian tombstone) ID 2763". Database of National Cultural Properties. Retrieved 21 Sep 2011. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]