Cinnamomum glanduliferum

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Cinnamomum glanduliferum
Lauraceae - Cinnamomum glanduliferum.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cinnamomum
Species: C. glanduliferum
Binomial name
Cinnamomum glanduliferum
(Wall.) Meisn.
Synonyms
  • Camphora glandulifera (Wallich) Nees
  • Cinnamomum cavaleriei H.Lév.
  • Laurus glandulifera Wall.
  • Machilus dominii H. Lév.
  • Machilus mekongensis Diels

Cinnamomum glanduliferum, common name false camphor tree or Nepal camphor tree, is a tree in the genus Cinnamomum, belonging to the Lauraceae family.

Description[edit]

Foliage of Cinnamomum glanduliferum

Cinnamomum glanduliferum is an evergreen tree reaching a height around 5–20 m (16–66 ft). Leaves are shiny, dark green, alternate, petiolated, elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, 6–15 cm (2.4–5.9 in) long and 4–6.5 cm (1.6–2.6 in) wide. Flowers are yellowish and small, about 3 mm (0.12 in) wide. Fruits are black, globose, up to 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter. Flowering period extends from March through May and the fruits ripen from July to September.[1] The leaves have a characteristic smell and contain camphor and essential oils.

Distribution[edit]

This plant is native to China, Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Nepal.[1]

Habitat[edit]

In China, C. glanduliferum grows in broad-leaved forests of mountainous regions, at an elevation around 1,500–2,500 m (4,900–8,200 ft) above sea level, sometimes higher.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Xi-wen Li, Jie Li & Henk van der Werff. "Cinnamomum glanduliferum". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Baruah, A.; Nath, S. C. (2006). "Leaf Essential Oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall) Meissn and Cinnamomum glaucescens (Nees) Meissn". Journal of Essential Oil Research. 18 (2): 200. doi:10.1080/10412905.2006.9699065. 

External links[edit]