Claire Ritter in Boston, 1990
|Born||May 31, 1952|
Charlotte, North Carolina
|Style||Jazz, classical, new music|
|Awards||North Carolina Arts Council Jazz Composer Fellowship |
Claire Ritter (born May 31, 1952, Charlotte, North Carolina) is an American composer and pianist working in a style that fuses jazz with classical, new music, and occasionally other world music cultures.
Early life and study
Ritter grew up on a horse farm in rural Weddington, North Carolina, and began piano lessons in the public school system at age 7. As a teenager, she studied with jazz pianist-arranger Ziggy Hurwitz. In 1974, she received a B.S. in Education from Appalachian State University, where she was also an amateur athlete, competing in tennis, softball, soccer, field hockey, and basketball. She returned to Charlotte, where she attended Queens College and studied classical piano with Anita Bultman Tritt, principal pianist with the Charlotte Symphony, earning a B.A. in music in 1978. From 1978 to 1980, Ritter studied privately with jazz pianist Mary Lou Williams, when she was an artist in residence at Duke University.
In 1981, Ritter moved to Boston, Massachusetts, to study with pianist Ran Blake and attend New England Conservatory. She lived in Boston for 16 years, during which time her compositions were performed and recorded with artists such as Steve Swallow, Ricky Ford, and Dave Holland, and Boston-area musicians such as Dominique Eade, Ran Blake, and Stan Strickland. In 1996, she served on the faculty of the New England Conservatory Contemporary Improvisation Department and taught Contemporary Songwriting. Her composition, "In Between", was recorded in 1986 by Ran Blake on The Short Life of Barbara Monk and by Franz Koglmann on Orte Der Geometrie in 1989. Claire Ritter's composition has been performed globally in the US, Canada, Europe, and Asia, including the Thelonious Monk Jazz Institute Festival, American Women Composers, Brandeis University, Ottawa Jazz Festival, Josef Matthias Haur Konservatorium, Otterreichischen Museum, Multicultural Arts Center in Boston, Charlotte New Music Festival, Carolina Jazz Composers Festival at Queens University, among others.
Style and reviews
All About Jazz describes Ritter as "an undersung jazz master" and praised her composing and improvising for their economy, "with every new idea coming at you quickly, every tight, engaging melody buffed up like a little jewel". Her approach to the keyboard has been described as painterly, with Ritter "applying splashes of color, dabs of contrast and subtly adjusting tempo and dynamics to create masterful soundscapes". Her compositions are notable for their "haunting clarity", and are often compared to songs without lyrics. Her ability to orchestrate compositions, using instrumental combinations that recall classical music, places jazz elements such as the blues and improvisation in novel contexts.
Beginning with her 2001 recording, "Castles in the Air", Ritter expanded her work into the classical avant-garde world with the debut of Opus 17, New Southern Symphonic Suite for Modern Dance, described by the Boston Globe as "intriguing, adventurous explorations". In 2004, her recording Greener and Blue, also incorporated non-Western instruments and folk music elements into her composing. In 2007, AllMusic describes her album, Waltzing the Splendor, which was inspired by painter Georgia O'Keeffe's "Orange and Red Streak", as "musically painting broad strokes of bright color, based in nature like O'Keeffe". Ritter's latest 2015 CD release, "Soho Solo" a solo piano recording, received 4-5 star reviews and is described as "unfailingly beautiful". Her pianist approach continues to be inspired by the work of Mary Lou Williams, Ran Blake, and Thelonious Monk, noted recently in the liner notes of "Soho Solo", as "direct and succinct, like the North Carolina pianist-composer Thelonious Monk's style".
Grants and awards
In 1998, Ritter moved back to North Carolina, where she teaches composition to private students, and continues to compose, perform, and record. Since returning to the Charlotte area, she has been awarded the North Carolina Arts Council Jazz Composer Fellowship in 2000, as well as multiple Arts and Science Council Regional Artist Grants. Claire Ritter's most recent artistic project was funded by a 2015 Arts and Science Council grant to perform original works in collaboration with abstract photography at Central Piedmont Community College and Queens University in Charlotte, NC.
In 1987, Ritter founded Zoning Recordings, named after a major work by her former teacher, Mary Lou Williams. She has released the following CDs on the label:
- In Between, with Ran Blake, Dave Holland, and Dominique Eade (1988)
- Ain’t Life a Circus, with Christine Correa, Stan Strickland (1991)
- Mistral, by vocalist Eleni Odoni, with Ran Blake, Claire Ritter (1991)
- At One, with Takaaki Masuko, Richie Stearns (1994)
- True, with Takaaki Masuko and Kaku Sato (1998)
- Castles in the Air, with Steve Swallow, Stan Strickland, and Takaaki Masuko (2001)
- River of Joy: Solo Portraits, with Steve Swallow and Ran Blake (2001)
- Greener than Blue, with Stan Strickland, Todd Low, and Bob Weiner (2005); includes Op. 21 World Poems for Peace
- Waltzing the Splendor, with Jon Metzger, Jane Hart Brendle, Ashima Scripp, and Dave Holland (2007)
- The Stream of Pearls Project (inspired by water), with Ashima Scripp, Richie Stearns, Toni Naples, Rick Hansen, Jon Metzger, and Takaaki Masuko (2011)
- Claire Ritter & Friends - Zoning Recordings (DVD-ZR1011) - live at the Multicultural Arts Center in Cambridge MA, with Dominique Eade, Stan Strickland, Takaaki Masuko (2012)
- Soho Solo, solo piano recording (2015)
Recordings by others
- Short Life of Barbara Monk/Ran Blake with Ricky Ford, Jon Hazilla (1988 - Soul Note Records 1127)
- Orte Der Geometrie/Franz Koglmann with Ran Blake (1989 - HatArt 6018)
- Streaming Documentary DVD (1991 - New England Conservatory of Music in Boston)
- Southern Arts Federation (1992 - The Music and thoughts of Claire Ritter: SAF#3)
- Traces (2002 - JAZZIZ JZD0202)
- "Claire Ritter | Biography, Albums, & Streaming Radio". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- van Trikt, Ludwig. "Claire Ritter Interview". Cadence Magazine, Vol. 34, No. 10-11-12, Oct-Nov-Dec 2008, pp. 3–9
- Smith, Dean, “Meet the Composers,” Charlotte Observer, April 12, 1998, pp 1F, 4F
- Ran Blake Quartet, Short Life of Barbara Monk, Soul Note Recordings 121127-2
- Koglmann, Franz, Orte Der Geometrie, hat ART CD 6018
- River of Joy, liner notes, 2001
- McClenaghan, Dan (September 15, 2007). "Claire Ritter: Waltzing The Splendor". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- Ann, Nancy. "Jazz Reviews: Castles in the AirClaire Ritter - By Nancy Ann Lee — Jazz Articles". Jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Blumenthal, Bob, Castles in the Air liner notes, 2001
- McCullough, Bob, Boston Globe review, 10/4/2001
- McClenaghan, Dan (November 17, 2004). "Claire Ritter: Greener Than Blue". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- Nastos, Michael G. AllMusic review. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- McClenaghan, Dan (May 8, 2015). "Claire Ritter: Soho Solo". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- Cordle, Owen, Soho Solo liner notes, 2015
- Solender, Michael J., article in Charlotte Viewpoint magazine, 4/11/2009, http://www.charlotteviewpoint.org/article/93/The-Artistry-of-Spirit---Jazz-Pianist-Claire-Ritte
- Moreland, Victoria, Charlotte Observer article, 10/14/2014, http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/local/community/south-charlotte/article9200177.html