Clear ice means a solid precipitation which forms when air temperature is between 0 °C (32 °F) and −3 °C (27 °F) and there are supercooled, relatively large drops of water (from freezing fog). A rapid accretion and a slow dissipation of latent heat of fusion favor the formation of a transparent ice coating, without air or other impurities. A similar phenomenon occurs when freezing rain or drizzle hit a surface and is called glaze. Clear ice, when formed on the ground, is often called black ice, and can be extremely hazardous.
Clear ice is denser and more homogeneous than hard rime; like rime, however, clear ice accumulates on branches and overhead lines, where it is particularly dangerous due to its relatively high density.
Clear ice is also the name given to a specific type of ice cube popular in craft cocktails. The water is frozen directionally, which prevents air bubbles from being trapped in the ice.
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- Weather Glossary, C. The Weather Channel