Clerodendrum phlomidis

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Clerodendrum phlomidis
Arni (Clerodendrum phlomidis) at Sindhrot near Vadodara, Gujrat Pix 048.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Clerodendrum
Species: C. phlomidis
Binomial name
Clerodendrum phlomidis
  • Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm. f.) Kuntze non G.Don
  • Volkameria multiflora Burm.f.

Clerodendrum phlomidis is a species of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family. The plant has been used in Ayurvedic medicine, and some Ayurvedic sources refer to it by the synonym Clerodendrum multiflorum.

In India, the plant is known as Arni. It is a small herb common in India and Sri Lanka. Clerodendrum myricoides from the same family is found in Africa and India.[2]


  • Sanskrit name: Agnimantha, Jaya, Sriparni, Ganikarika, Jayanthi, Tarkari, Nadeyi, Vai jayanthi
  • Hindi name: Urni, Arna, Aarni


This herb belongs to Verbenaceae/Lamiaceae family. Leaves are ovate, opposite, deltoid, hairy from below and wavy. The flowers are in small rounded terminal panicle. The flowers bloom in August to February.

Flowers are white or pinkish and are very fragrant.


According to Indian ancient system of medicine Ayurveda, Dash Mool a very powerful combination of ten different roots to improve body vigor and maintain good health contains Clerodendrum phlomidis (Arni) Root.[3] The pulp obtained from the crushing of the leaves is applied externally on swelling.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 9 March 2014 – via The Plant List. 
  2. ^ Vaidya, B. G. and Adarsh, N.:(Uttarardh), Shri Swami Atamanand Sarsavati Ayurvedic. Government Pharmacy Ltd, Surat, pp. 815-820 (1965).
  3. ^ Anonymous.: The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Government of India. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Dept. of ISM and Homeopathy, New Delhi Part 1, Vol. III, 1st Edn. (2001).