Clinton Township, Essex County, New Jersey

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Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,976
1850 2,508 26.9%
1860 3,659 45.9%
1870 2,240 * −38.8%
1880 2,742 22.4%
1890 3,684 34.4%
1900 1,325 * −64.0%
Population sources:
1840-1900[1] 1840[2] 1850-1870[3]
1850[4] 1870[5] 1880-1890[6]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[7]

Clinton Township was a township located in Essex County, New Jersey, United States, which existed from 1834 to 1902.

Clinton Township was created on April 14, 1834, from portions of Elizabeth Township, Newark Township, Orange Township and Union Township. Clinton Township included present-day Irvington and Maplewood and parts of Newark and South Orange.[7]

On April 1, 1861, South Orange Township (now Maplewood) was formed from portions of Clinton Township and Orange.[7]

Irvington was formed as an independent village as of March 27, 1874, and became fully independent as a town on March 2, 1898.[7]

What remained of the old township was absorbed into Newark on March 5, 1902, based on the results of a referendum held on March 11, 1902.[7] The area is now part of the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Newark.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 1, 2013.
  2. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 1, 2013. Population is listed as 1,974 for 1840, two less than shown in table based on other source.
  3. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 242, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 1, 2013. "Clinton was formed from Elizabethtown, Newark and Orange in 1834. Its length is about four miles and breadth about two and a half miles. South Orange and Newark lies on the north of it, and Newark is also on its east, while the township of Union, in Union county, is on its south, and South Orange on the west. Camptown was a flourishing village about three and a half miles from Newark containing about fifty dwellings and three churches Presbyterian Episcopal and what was called a Free Church. The name was derived from the fact that during the Revolutionary war the American army was for some time encamped here. The population of the township in 1850 was 2,508; in 1860, 3,659; and in 1870, 2,240."
  4. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 1, 2013.
  5. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 1, 2013.
  6. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 1, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 126. Accessed November 14, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°44′38″N 74°15′54″W / 40.744°N 74.265°W / 40.744; -74.265