Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
- Not to be confused with Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey; Union City, New Jersey in Hudson County; or the historical Union Township, Hudson County, New Jersey.
Union Township, New Jersey
|Township of Union|
Map of Union Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||November 23, 1808|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||Suzette Cavadas (D, term ends December 31, 2017)|
|• Administrator||Ronald Manzella|
|• Municipal clerk||Eileen Birch|
|• Total||23.548 km2 (9.092 sq mi)|
|• Land||23.494 km2 (9.071 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.055 km2 (0.021 sq mi) 0.23%|
|Area rank||219th of 566 in state|
3rd of 21 in county
|Elevation||38 m (125 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||25th of 566 in state|
2nd of 21 in county
|• Density||2,410.9/km2 (6,244.3/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||80th of 566 in state|
9th of 21 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882212|
Union Township is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. In the 18th century, the area that is now Union was then called Connecticut Farms. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 56,642, the highest recorded in any decennial census, reflecting an increase of 2,237 (+4.1%) from the 54,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,381 (+8.8%) from the 50,024 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable buildings
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Union Township was the site of the Battle of Connecticut Farms, one of the last battles between British and American forces during the American Revolutionary War. On June 6, 1780, British troops, led by Hessian General Wilhelm von Knyphausen, boarded boats on Staten Island bound for Elizabeth, New Jersey. At midnight, 5,000 troops started to land. They expected the Continental Army to give little resistance, believing that they were tired of the war and were poorly fed and paid. They also expected the citizens of New Jersey to welcome them. They were wrong on both counts and were unable to make their way to and through the Hobart Gap.
Union Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 23, 1808, from portions of Elizabeth Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. It became part of the newly formed Union County on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township have been taken to form Linden Township (March 4, 1861), Roselle Park, (March 22, 1901), Kenilworth (May 13, 1907) and Hillside (April 3, 1913). In 1946, a group of residents pushed for the township's name to be changed to "Connecticut Farms", citing the potential benefits to area residents and businesses from the broad awareness of the historical significance of the name.
The Township of Union is located on the northern-central edge of Union County and is bordered by eight municipalities: Hillside to the east, Elizabeth to the southeast, Roselle Park and Kenilworth to the south and Springfield Township to the west. Northwest of the township lies Millburn, to the north lies Maplewood and to the northeast lies Irvington, all in Essex County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Union township had a total area of 9.092 square miles (23.548 km2), including 9.071 square miles (23.494 km2) of land and 0.021 square miles (0.055 km2) of water (0.23%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Battle Hill, Connecticut Farms, Galloping Hill, Headlentown, Putnam Manor, Salem, Townley and Vauxhall.
- Five Points, area around the junction of Galloping Hill Road, Chestnut Street, Salem Road, Delaware Avenue, Walton Avenue, and Tucker Avenue.
- Brookside Heights (Curreyville), west of Vauxhall Road.
- Vauxhall, area of Union north of I-78 and west of Stuyvesant Avenue, with its own ZIP code 07088.
- Union Center, area around the intersection of Morris and Stuyvesant Avenues.
- Putnam Ridge, a section between Suburban Road, Morris Avenue, Twin Oaks Road, and Colonial Avenue.
- Putnam Manor, an historic section between Colonial Avenue and Salem Road.
- Orchard Park
- Parkside Manor, a three-road section off of Union Terrace, featured in the movie She Devil with Roseanne Barr.
- Larchmont Estates, area bordered by Larchmont Reservation (NW and NE edges), Morris Avenue (SW), Liberty Avenue (SE), and Joe Collins Park/Larchmont Reservation (NE edge).
- Green Lane, new community between Kean University and Union Station.
- Fairway Drive, community bordering the Galloping Hill Golf Course.
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,642 people, 19,556 households, and 14,275.880 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,244.3 per square mile (2,410.9/km2). There were 20,250 housing units at an average density of 2,232.4 per square mile (861.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 53.78% (30,464) White, 28.98% (16,417) Black or African American, 0.14% (80) Native American, 10.60% (6,003) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 4.06% (2,297) from other races, and 2.40% (1,357) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.94% (8,465) of the population.
There were 19,556 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the township, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 85.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,722 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,858) and the median family income was $86,705 (+/- $3,822). Males had a median income of $54,811 (+/- $1,998) versus $47,144 (+/- $2,316) for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,135 (+/- $1,104). About 3.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census of 2000, there were 54,405 people, 19,534 households, and 14,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,968.1 people per square mile (2,303.3/km²). There were 20,001 housing units at an average density of 2,194.1 per square mile (846.8/km²). An example of a diverse city in the United States, the racial makeup of the township was 67.66% White, 19.76% African American, 0.15% Native American, 7.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.44% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.93% of the population.
There were 19,534 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $59,173, and the median income for a family was $68,707. Males had a median income of $45,299 versus $35,604 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,768. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Union Township is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. The Mayor, in addition to voting as a member of the Township Committee, presides over the meetings of the committee and carries out ceremonial duties.
As of 2017[update], members of the Union Township Committee are Mayor Suzette Cavadas (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2019; term as mayor ends 2017), Deputy Mayor Joseph M. Florio (D, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2017), Michele S. Delisfort (D, 2018), Manuel T. Figueiredo (D, 2018) and Clifton People Jr. (D, 2019).
Mayors of Union
|#||Mayor||Years in Office||Party||Terms||Notes|
|1||John Leonard||1879–1883||1-4||First term|
|2||James A. Burnett||1884–1885||5-6|
|3||John Leonard||1886||7||Second term|
|4||James B. Woodruff||1887–1891||8-12||Five Consecutive Terms|
|5||John Tunison||1892–1893||13-14||Two consecutive terms|
|6||Daniel H. Beach||1894–1895||15-16||Two consecutive terms|
|7||William P. Bonnell||1896||17|
|8||John H. Doremus||1897||18||First term|
|9||Daniel H. Beach||1898||19||Third term|
|10||William A. Bainbridge||1899||20|
|11||John H. Doremus||1900||21||Second term|
|12||Daniel H. Beach||1901||22||Fourth term|
|13||John H. Doremus||1902–1903||23-24||Third and fourth terms|
|14||Walter A. Miller||1904–1905||25-26||Two consecutive terms|
|15||Daniel B. Wade||1906||25||First Term|
|16||John H. Doremus||1907||26||Fourth term|
|17||Daniel H. Beach||1908||27|
|18||Daniel B. Wade||1909||28|
|20||Daniel H. Beach||1911||30|
|21||Howard B. Kline||1912||31|
|22||Daniel H. Beach||1914||33|
|23||Cornelius E. Blanchard||1915||34|
|24||George A. Bashford||1916||35|
|25||Daniel H. Beach||1917||36|
|27||George A. Bashford||1919||38|
|28||Daniel H. Beach||1920–1921||39-40||Two consecutive terms|
|29||George A. Bashford||1922||41|
|30||Ambrose B. Kline||1923||42|
|31||Charles W. Mink||1924–1926||43-45||Three consecutive terms|
|32||Ambrose B. Kline||1927–1928||46-47||Two consecutive terms|
|33||Gustav Hummel Jr.||1929–1931||48-50||Three consecutive terms|
|34||Max A. Schoenwalder||1932–1933||51-52||Two consecutive terms|
|35||Charles Schramm||1934–1939||53-58||Six consecutive terms. Resigned in 1939.|
|36||Fred Edward Biertuempfel||1939–1973||Republican||59-93||Thirty-four consecutive terms.|
|37||Samuel Rabkin||1973||Republican||93||Finished Biertuempfel's term. Rabkin field named after him.|
|38||Anthony E. Russo||1974||Democrat||94|
|39||James C. Conlon||1975||Republican||95|
|40||John S. Zimmerman||1976||Democrat||96|
|42||James C. Conlon||1978–1980||Democrat||98-99||Two consecutive terms|
|44||James C. Conlon||1982||Republican||101|
|45||Anthony E. Russo||1983||Democrat||102|
|49||Diane Heelan||1987||Republican||106||Union's first female mayor|
|53||Anthony E. Russo||1991||Democrat||110|
|60||Anthony L. Terrezza||1998–1999||Democrat||117-118||Two consecutive terms|
|62||Peter A. Capodice||2001||Democrat||120|
|64||Brenda C. Restivo||2003||Democrat||122|
|65||Anthony L. Terrezza||2004||Democrat||123|
|67||Peter A. Capodice||2006||Democrat||125|
|68||Brenda C. Restivo||2007||Democrat||126||Second Term|
|69||Clifton People Jr.||2008||Democrat||127||Union's first African-American mayor|
|70||Anthony L. Terrezza||2009–2010||Democrat||128-129||Two consecutive terms|
|71||Joseph Florio||2011-2012||Democrat||130-131||Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor.|
|72||Clifton People Jr.||2013-2014||Democrat||132-133||Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor.|
|73||Manuel T. Figueiredo||2015–2016||Democrat||134-135||Two consecutive terms.|
Federal, state and county representation
Union Township is split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Union Township had also been split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts with different boundaries, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. The redistricting plan that took effect in 2013 placed 31,611 residents living in the central and western portions of the township into the 7th District, while 25,031 residents in a semicircle that runs along the northern, eastern and southern borders of the township were placed into the 10th District.
For the 116th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, Rocky Hill). For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Cryan (D, Union Township, Union County) and in the General Assembly by Jamel Holley (D, Roselle) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members. As of 2014[update], Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014), Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015), Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015), Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016), Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014), Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016), Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016), Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015) and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015), Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016) and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014). The County Manager is Alfred Faella.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 31,155 registered voters in Union Township, of which 12,061 (38.7% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,928 (12.6% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 15,157 (48.7% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 55.0% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 69.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 16,423 votes (70.7% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 6,464 votes (27.8% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 155 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 23,235 ballots cast by the township's 33,589 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.2% (vs. 68.8% in Union County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 15,625 votes (63.8% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 8,462 votes (34.5% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 189 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 24,505 ballots cast by the township's 32,622 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1% (vs. 74.7% in Union County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 12,751 votes (57.9% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 8,987 votes (40.8% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 174 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 22,013 ballots cast by the township's 30,383 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.5% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 53.4% of the vote (6,269 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 45.4% (5,334 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (135 votes), among the 12,013 ballots cast by the township's 33,305 registered voters (275 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 7,628 ballots cast (53.0% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 5,734 votes (39.8% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 741 votes (5.1% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 113 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 14,397 ballots cast by the township's 31,972 registered voters, yielding a 45.0% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).
The Union Public School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 7,466 students and 572.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.05:1. The schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are six PreK-4 elementary schools — Battle Hill Elementary School (427 students), Hannah Caldwell Elementary School (701), Connecticut Farms Elementary School (500), Franklin Elementary School (476), Livingston Elementary School (445) and Washington Elementary School (596) — Jefferson Elementary School (262 in grade 5), Burnet Middle School (1,077; 6-8), Kawameeh Middle School (665; 6-8) and Union High School for grades nine through twelve (2,317).
Union was threatened with being the first municipality north of the Mason–Dixon line to suffer from penalties as a result of school segregation. The area of Vauxhall was primarily black and Jefferson Elementary School was disproportionately black compared to the rest of the town. Union avoided problems by converting Jefferson Elementary into a sixth-grade only school called Central 6 and bused the Jefferson students to all the other elementary schools. It was later renamed Central 5 and is now Jefferson School, which is used as a one-year school for fifth-grade students.
Union is also home to several private nursery schools and the Deron School, a private school for learning disabled students ages 5–13. St. Michael's Parish School and Holy Spirit School (founded in 1965) operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.
Kean University, dating back to 1855, serves a total student population of almost 16,000. Called New Jersey State Teachers College when it was located in Newark, the school moved to Union in 1958, was renamed Kean College in 1973 and was granted university status in 1997.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 145.85 miles (234.72 km) of roadways, of which 120.11 miles (193.30 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.43 miles (18.39 km) by Union County and 12.46 miles (20.05 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.85 miles (2.98 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The Parkway connects Kenilworth in the south to Hillside in the north. The Parkway includes interchanges 139A (Chestnut Street) / 139B (Route 82 West Union), interchanges 140 (Route 22 / Route 82 west) / 140A (Route 22 / Route 82 west) and interchange 141 (Vauxhall Road / Union).
NJ Transit offers rail service at the Union train station providing service on the Raritan Valley Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad) to Newark Penn Station. The station opened in 2003 and includes a parking lot with over 450 spaces.
NJ Transit also provides bus service to New York City and New Jersey points on the 113, 114 and 117 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 65, 66 70 and 94 routes to Newark and local service on the 26 and 52.
Former Rahway Valley Railroad freight line, now abandoned, crosses through Union. This line, presently licensed to Morristown and Erie Railway, is in the process of revitalization after which it will link to NJ Transit's Morris and Essex Lines at Summit and connect to Staten Island.
Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Union.
- The Union Watersphere, for many years the tallest water tower of its type in the world, stands 212 feet tall, holds 250,000 gallons of drinking water and is now also used as a cell phone tower. The landmark and icon inspired a former Union resident to create a website and museum (in Austin, Texas) dedicated to it.
- Union is home to several houses constructed totally of poured concrete, an experiment of Thomas Edison. The homes on Ingersoll Terrace include poured concrete interior walls with formed concrete plumbing.
- Union is home to a building in the shape of a ship at 2262 U.S. Route 22. Originally a restaurant and night club, it has changed ownership over the years, becoming a furniture store known as "The Flagship" and later The Wiz Home Electronics. It is currently a P. C. Richard & Son store.
- Union is home to the largest Home Depot store in the United States, covering 217,000 square feet (20,200 m2).
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Union Township include:
- Aminat Ayinde, the second runner-up from Cycle 12 of America's Next Top Model.
- C. Louis Bassano (born 1942) politician who served in both the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate.
- Isaiah Briscoe (born 1996), basketball player for the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team.
- Freddie 'Red' Cochrane (1915–1993), professional boxer in the welterweight (147lb) division who became World Champion in 1941 in that class.
- Joe Collins (1922–1989), first baseman for the New York Yankees from 1948 to 1957. A park on Liberty Avenue is named after him.
- Steve Covino (born 1976), SiriusXM Radio Host - Covino and Rich, ESPN TV Personality.
- Tom Coyne (1954-2017), mastering engineer.
- Joseph Cryan (born 1961), represents the 20th legislative district in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Quenton DeCosey (born 1994), professional basketball player for Koroivos of the Greek Basket League.
- Jamie Fox (1954–2017), political strategist.
- Gina Genovese (born 1959), businesswoman and politician who has served as mayor of Long Hill Township.
- Kayla Hoffman (born 1988), artistic gymnast.
- Mildred Barry Hughes (1902–1995), the first woman elected to the New Jersey Senate, in 1965.
- Ron Karkovice (born 1963), Major League baseball catcher from 1986 to 1997.
- Amalya Lyle Kearse (born 1937), a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
- Larry Kubin (born 1959), linebacker who played with the Washington Redskins from 1981 to 1984.
- Kelly Kulick (born 1977), professional bowler who became the first woman ever to win a regular Professional Bowlers Association tour title.
- Artie Lange (born 1967), comedian, actor, and former Howard Stern Show sidekick.
- Ray Liotta (born 1954), actor.
- Elliott Maddox (born 1947), professional baseball player with both the New York Yankees 1974-76 and the New York Mets 1978-80.
- Conde McGinley (born 1890), publisher of the anti-Communist and anti-Semitic weekly paper, Common Sense.
- Matthew John Rinaldo (born 1931), represented New Jersey in the United States House of Representatives for twenty years, in the 12th congressional district (1973–1983) and in the 7th congressional district (1983–1993).
- Tyler Roberson (born 1994), professional basketball player for the Agua Caliente Clippers of the NBA G League.
- Anthony E. Russo (born 1926), former member of the New Jersey Senate who served as Mayor of Union.
- Karl Schellscheidt (born 1968), soccer player, educator and entrepreneur.
- Manfred Schellscheidt (born 1941) German-American soccer coach and former player and member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
- Amy Simon (born 1971), planetary scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.
- Darnell Stapleton (born 1985), former offensive guard for the Pittsburgh Steelers who was a member of the Steelers' Super Bowl XLIII championship team.
- Travis Taylor (born 1990), professional basketball player.
- Bill Wenzel (1918–1987), cartoonist best known for his good girl art.
- Robert Wuhl (born 1951), actor.
- Darren Young (born 1983), professional wrestler signed to WWE where he is one half of The Prime Time Players with Titus O'Neil.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Township Committee, Union Township. Accessed April 13, 2017.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Figueiredo is incorrectly listed with a term-end year of 2018.
- Administration Office, Township of Union. Accessed August 5, 2016.
- Clerk's Office, Township of Union. Accessed August 5, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 90.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Union, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- 2010 Census: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 10, 2011.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Union, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Liddane, Lisa. "The Home Depot opens its first Superstore in the West", Orange County Register, April 5, 2012. Accessed June 11, 2018. "The store, called The Home Depot Superstore, was remodeled and expanded to 205,000 square feet – about one-third larger than a typical Home Depot. Those proportions make it the Atlanta-based home improvement chain’s largest store in the West and the second largest Home Depot in the nation. The Union, N.J., superstore is the largest at 217,000 square feet."
- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Union", The New York Times, October 27, 1991. Accessed February 25, 2012. "Union, the third oldest English settlement in New Jersey after Newark and Elizabeth, is returning to its Colonial roots.... Union was settled in 1667 by Puritans, who left Connecticut fearing religious persecution. Then called Connecticut Farms, the community figured prominently in shipbuilding from the late 17th century, when the Headleys, one of its first European families, established a factory for wooden hoops to hold sails to masts."
- Yesenko, Michael R. "Union historian Yesenko presents 'Remembering General George Washington'", Suburban News, January 20, 2010. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 241. Accessed February 25, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 306. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 16, 2015.
- Staff. "Union May Again Be 'Connecticut Farms'", The New York Times, July 15, 1946. Accessed July 18, 2018. "Union, N. J., July 14 - Backed by the Union Exchange Club, a movement has been launched to change the township's name to Connecticut Frams, a name given to it by earky settlers who came here from Connecticut."
- Home page, Township of Union. Accessed May 24, 2013. "The Union County municipalities of Elizabeth, Hillside, Springfield, Kenilworth, and Roselle Park, and the Essex County communities of Irvington, Maplewood, and Millburn border the Township."
- Areas touching Union, MapIt. Accessed October 16, 2015.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed May 24, 2013. Source lists a population of 1,483 for 1840, in conflict with the 1,482 shown in the New Jersey Compendium of censuses 1726-1905.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed May 24, 2013. "Union had a population in 1860 of 1,812 and in 1870, 2,314."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Union township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 31, 2016.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Union township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Union township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2012.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, Union Township. Accessed August 5, 2016.
- Union County 2016 Directory, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed August 3, 2016.
- Elected Officials, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed August 3, 2016.
- General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated November 14, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
- November 5, 2015 General Election Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated November 9, 2015. Accessed August 3, 2016.
- November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated January 7, 2015. Accessed August 3, 2016.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived 2017-04-07 at the Wayback Machine, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. January 4, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Donald M. Payne Jr. Accessed January 3, 2019. "U.S. Representative Donald M. Payne, Jr. is a lifelong resident of Newark, New Jersey."
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- District 20 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- Governor Phil Murphy, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018.
- Lieutenant Governor Oliver, State of New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2018. "Assemblywoman Oliver has resided in the City of East Orange for over 40 years."
- County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Union County Clerk, Joanne Rajoppi, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Union County Sheriff Ralph Froehlich, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Elected Officials – Clerk – Sheriff – Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- County Manager, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Union, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- "Governor - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Lannan, Katie. "Road closures, security planned for Obama's visit to Union Wednesday", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, October 13, 2014. Accessed April 14, 2017. "Township police are advising residents to expect traffic and delays on the roads Wednesday afternoon during a visit by President Barack Obama. Obama is scheduled to attend a private fundraiser benefitting the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee."
- District information for Union Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- School Data for the Union Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Battle Hill Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Hannah Caldwell Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Connecticut Farms Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Franklin Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Livingston Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Washington Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Jefferson Elementary School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Burnet Middle School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Kawameeh Middle School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Union High School, Union Public School District. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Union Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Sullivan, Ronald. "Jersey Township Gets Busing Plan; Union School Board Adopts Integration Proposal", The New York Times, February 19, 1969. Accessed July 18, 2018.
- Home page, The Deron School of New Jersey. Accessed August 13, 2008.
- Home Page, St. Michael Parish School. Accessed August 5, 2016.
- History Holy Spirit School. Accessed August 5, 2016.
- Union County Catholic Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed July 20, 2016.
- Facts and Figures, Kean University. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- 150 Years: Kean's History Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine, Kean University. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Union County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Union station, NJ Transit. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Raritan Valley Line, NJ Transit. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- "Union Station On Raritan Valley Line A Step Closer To April Opening: Project Will Increase Capacity on NJ Transit Rail System", NJ Transit press release, February 21, 2003. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Union County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Boright, Walter E. "Rahway Valley Railroad: The little railroad that helped build Kenilworth, Part II", Cranford Chronicle, May 10, 2011. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Freight Operations, Morristown and Erie Railway. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Lost in New Jersey: The Union Watersphere, accessed January 16, 2006.
- World's Tallest Water Sphere
- Massey, James C.; and Maxwell, Shirley. "Concrete Houses", Old-House Journal, May-Jun 1994, p. 49. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Union Township Historical Society, The Flagship, accessed March 5, 2017
- Sceurman, Mark; and Moran, Mark. Weird N.J.: Your Travel Guide to New Jersey's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets, p. 173. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009. ISBN 1402766858. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Liddane, Lisa. "The Home Depot opens its first Superstore in the West", The Orange County Register, April 5, 2012. Accessed October 25, 2012. "Those proportions make it the Atlanta-based home improvement chain's largest store in the West and the second largest Home Depot in the nation. The Union, N.J., superstore is the largest at 217,000 square feet."
- Gacser, Ava. "America's Next Top Model taps Union native", Home News Tribune, January 28, 2009. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- C. Louis Bassano, New Jersey Legislature, archived by the Internet Archive on February 25, 1998. Accessed May 25, 2010.
- Ditota, Donna. "Syracuse basketball program targets more Roselle Catholic players", The Post-Standard, September 11, 2013. Accessed March 1, 2016. "Boff said Briscoe transferred from St. Benedict's for two reasons: Roselle is located two miles from his home in Union, N.J., and Briscoe 'wanted more of a traditional high school experience for his last two years.' (St. Benedict's is an all-boys prep school.)"
- Staff. "Freddie (Red) Cochrane, Boxer, 77", The New York Times, January 19, 1993. Accessed July 18, 2018. "Mr. Cochrane, of Union, N.J., died at the Lyons Veterans Administration Hospital."
- Union County Baseball Hall of Fame Will Induct Three New Members, Feb. 11 Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Union County, New Jersey press release dated December 27, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Over the years, the awards dinner has honored many local and national baseball luminaries – including Joe Collins of Union, Phil Rizzuto of Hillside, Don Newcombe of Elizabeth, Jeff Torborg of Mountainside, Willie Wilson of Summit, Jake Wood of Elizabeth, and Elliott Maddox of Union."
- Coughlin, Kevin. "Tom Coyne, Grammy-winning music engineer for Adele and Beyoncé, dies at 62", MorristownGreen.com, April 15, 2017. Accessed September 24, 2017. "Born in Elizabeth and raised in Union, Coyne graduated from Roselle Catholic High School and earned a B.A. from Kean University."
- Assembly Member Joseph P. Cryan, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 12, 2007.
- Hunt, Donald. "Quenton DeCosey loves playing in historic Palestra", Philadelphia Tribune, December 9, 2014. Accessed November 7, 2017. "Temple shooting guard Quenton DeCosey has learned about playing basketball in the Philadelphia Big 5. DeCosey hails from Union, N.J. where he played basketball for St. Joseph’s-Metuchen High School."
- Sullivan, John. "In Person; McGreevey Goes for Muscle", The New York Times, December 1, 2002. Accessed May 24, 2013. "He was born in Elizabeth and raised in Union Township, and when he was 13 he sneaked out of his house and took a train into Manhattan to attend a wake for Robert F. Kennedy."
- Magyar, Mark J. "Profile: The Woman Who Wants to End NJ’s 'Multiple Municipal Madness'", NJ Spotlight, April 30, 2014. Accessed July 11, 2017. "Born in Union, she moved to Berkeley Heights with her family at the age of 12."
- Kausler Jr., Don. "Alabama gymnast Kayla Hoffman named the SEC Female Athlete of the Year", The Birmingham News, June 28, 2011. Accessed October 16, 2015. "The Union, N.J., native is the sixth Alabama athlete and fifth Tide gymnast to be named SEC Female Athlete of the Year, joining gymnasts Penney Hauschild (1985), Dee Foster (1990), Andreé Pickens (2002), Rice (2004) and track star Lillie Leatherwood (1987)."
- Staff. "Mildred Hughes, 92, New Jersey Senator", The New York Times, January 19, 1995. Accessed May 24, 2013. "Mildred Barry Hughes, who in 1965 was the first woman elected a state senator in New Jersey, died on Jan. 11 at the Cranford (N.J.) Health and Extended Care Center. She was 92 and had lived for many years in Union, N.J."
- Ron Karkovice, Baseball Almanac. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Goldstein, Tom. "Amalya Lyle Kearse; Woman in the News", The New York Times, June 25, 1979. Accessed July 18, 2018. "Amalya Lyle Kearse was born June 11, 1937, in Vauxhall, N.J. where her late father was postmaster and her mother first practiced medicine and then became an antipoverty official."
- Washington, Ethel M. Union County Black Americans p. 93. Arcadia Publishing, 2004. ISBN 9780738536835. Accessed October 16, 2015. "Jimmy Carter appointed Amalya Lyle Kearse judge for the U.S. District Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, in New York. Born in the Vauxhall section of Union, Judge Kearse received her bachelor's degree from Wellesley College in Massachusetts and juris doctorate degree from the University of Michigan Law School."
- Larry Kubin profile Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed June 6, 2007.
- Kulick became the first woman to win a PBA Tour title on Sunday, beating Chris Barnes in the final of the 45th Tournament of Champions.
- Staff. "'Lucky' Artie Lange is having the time - and movie - of his life", Philadelphia Daily News, September 15, 2006. Accessed February 13, 2011. "Today, the Union, NJ, native takes it up a notch with Artie Lange's Beer League."
- Biography of Ray Liotta, The New York Times. Accessed December 6, 2006.
- Obituary. "Conde J. M'ginley, Editor, 73, Is Dead; Ran Common Sense, Called Anti-Semitic by House Unit", July 2, 1963, The New York Times, pg 30. Accessed September 13, 2018. "Union, N.J., July 1 (AP) Conde J. McGinley Sr., editor of a semi-monthly newspaper described by a Congressional committee as a 'clearing house for hate propagandists,' died here today of cancer. He was 73 years old."
- Matthew John Rinaldo, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 5, 2007.
- Ditota, Donna. "Roselle Catholic's Tyler Roberson picks Syracuse over Villanova and Kansas", The Post-Standard, November 16, 2012. Accessed July 18, 2018. "Tyler Roberson, the 6-foot-9 forward from Union, N.J. selected Syracuse over Kansas and Villanova tonight on ESPNU's basketball signing day show."
- Franks, Bob. "In Recognition of Anthony Russo", p. 25503, Congressional Record, V. 145, Pt. 18, October 14, 1999 to October 25, 1999. United States Government Printing Office, 1999. Accessed October 16, 2015. "He served as a Union Township Committee member for 27 years, Mayor for nine terms, and New Jersey Senator from 1979 to 1981."
- Arntzenius, Linda. "Profiles in Education; Karl Schellscheidt", Town Topics (newspaper), June 21, 2006. Accessed May 24, 2013. "As the son of a professional soccer player (and coach for Seton Hall University) who came to the United States from Germany in 1966, Mr. Schellscheidt has been rooting for Germany. As a former kid from Union, New Jersey, he's been rooting for the U.S. team."
- Roselle Catholic High School Alumni Directory 1993. Bernard C. Harris Publishing Company, Inc. White Plains, NY. 1993. p. 49.
- Jones, Grahame L. "Schellscheidt Hoping to Soccer It to Them: U.S. Olympic Coach Would Like to Put America on World Football Map", Los Angeles Times, June 14, 1983. Accessed June 10, 2011. "This is what we do in Union, New Jersey his home with the rec program."
- Amy Simon: Planetary Scientist, NASA. Accessed September 13, 2018. "[Q] Where are you from? [A] I am originally from Union, N. J."
- Rothman, Darnell. "Pittsburgh Steelers' Darnell Stapleton visits school kids at his Union Township alma mater", The Star-Ledger, March 26, 2009. Accessed February 13, 2011.
- Travis Taylor, Xavier Musketeers men's basketball. Accessed February 13, 2018. "Hometown; Union, N.J. Highschool; Union"
- Cahillane, Kevin. "Art; Nostalgia, Wearing Stilettos", The New York Times, December 4, 2005. Accessed July 18, 2018. "He was born in Irvington in 1918, grew up in Union, married his high school sweetheart on his 24th birthday, had two daughters, served in World War II and spent 30 years in Atlantic Highlands."
- Biography of Robert Wuhl, The New York Times. Accessed December 6, 2006.
- Lipton, Michael A. "In a League of His Own; Actor and Sports Fan Robert Wuhl Mixes Business with Pleasure on Arli$$", People (magazine), September 30, 1996. Accessed May 24, 2013. "To hear Wuhl tell it, he has always been fascinated by sports and showbiz. Growing up in Union, N.J., the second of three children of a produce distributor and his wife, he says Roger Maris and Billy Wilder were his idols and claims he taught himself to read by poring over the movie pages of the Newark Star-Ledger."
- Griffith, Janelle. "WWE star, N.J. native Darren Young: I came out because I'm in love", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 16, 2013. Accessed October 16, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Union Township, Union County, New Jersey.|
- Union Township website
- Union Public School District
- Union Public School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Union Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Living in Union, N.J. - slideshow by The New York Times