Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
Union Township, New Jersey
|Township of Union|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||November 23, 1808|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||Manuel Figueiredo (D, term ends December 31, 2022)|
|• Administrator||Donald J. Travisano|
|• Municipal clerk||Eileen Birch|
|• Total||9.08 sq mi (23.52 km2)|
|• Land||9.05 sq mi (23.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2) 0.35%|
|• Rank||219th of 565 in state|
3rd of 21 in county
|Elevation||125 ft (38 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||25th of 566 in state|
2nd of 21 in county
|• Density||6,244.3/sq mi (2,410.9/km2)|
|• Rank||80th of 566 in state|
9th of 21 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882212|
Union Township is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. In the 18th century, the area that is now Union was then called Connecticut Farms. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 56,642, the highest recorded in any decennial census, reflecting an increase of 2,237 (+4.1%) from the 54,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,381 (+8.8%) from the 50,024 counted in the 1990 Census.
Union Township was the site of the Battle of Connecticut Farms. On June 6, 1780, British troops, led by Hessian General Wilhelm von Knyphausen, boarded boats on Staten Island bound for Elizabeth, New Jersey. At midnight, 5,000 troops started to land. They expected the Continental Army to give little resistance, believing that they were tired of the war and were poorly fed and paid. They also expected the citizens of New Jersey to welcome them. They were wrong on both counts and were unable to make their way to and through the Hobart Gap.
Union Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 23, 1808, from portions of Elizabeth Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. It became part of the newly formed Union County on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township have been taken to form Linden Township (March 4, 1861), Roselle Park, (March 22, 1901), Kenilworth (May 13, 1907) and Hillside (April 3, 1913). In 1946, a group of residents pushed for the township's name to be changed to "Connecticut Farms", citing the potential benefits to area residents and businesses from the broad awareness of the historical significance of the name.
The Self-Master Colony was a private experiment in housing the homeless; built on the Hoyt family mansion in Union Township in 1908. The colony was founded by Andress Small Floyd and his wife Lillian, lasting until 1938.
The Township of Union is located on the northern edge of Union County and is bordered by eight municipalities: Hillside to the east, Elizabeth to the southeast, Roselle Park and Kenilworth to the south and Springfield Township to the west. Northwest of the township lies Millburn, to the north lies Maplewood and to the northeast lies Irvington, all in Essex County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 9.08 square miles (23.52 km2), including 9.05 square miles (23.44 km2) of land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) of water (0.35%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Battle Hill, Connecticut Farms, Galloping Hill, Headlentown, Putnam Manor, Salem, Townley and Vauxhall.
- Five Points, area around the junction of Galloping Hill Road, Chestnut Street, Salem Road, Delaware Avenue, Walton Avenue, and Tucker Avenue.
- Brookside Heights (Curryville), west of Vauxhall Road.
- Vauxhall, area of Union north of I-78 and west of Stuyvesant Avenue, with its own ZIP code 07088.
- Union Center, area around the intersection of Morris and Stuyvesant Avenues.
- Putnam Ridge, a section between Suburban Road, Morris Avenue, Twin Oaks Road, and Colonial Avenue.
- Putnam Manor, an historic section between Colonial Avenue and Salem Road.
- Orchard Park
- Parkside Manor, a three-road section off of Union Terrace.
- Larchmont Estates, area bordered by Larchmont Reservation (NW and NE edges), Morris Avenue (SW), Liberty Avenue (SE), and Joe Collins Park/Larchmont Reservation (NE edge).
- Battle Hill, area served by Battle Hill Elementary School in west Union, bordered by Rahway River (W edge), Morris Avenue (N), the west branch of the Elizabeth River (E), and Route 22 (S).
- Green Lane, new community between Kean University and Union Station.
- Fairway Drive, community bordering the Galloping Hill Golf Course.
- Rich Creek, the neighborhood of Richard Terrace
1850–1870 1850 1870
1880–1890 1890–1910 1910–1930
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States census counted 56,642 people, 19,556 households, and 14,276 families in the township. The population density was 6,244.3 per square mile (2,410.9/km2). There were 20,250 housing units at an average density of 2,232.4 per square mile (861.9/km2). The racial makeup was 53.78% (30,464) White, 28.98% (16,417) Black or African American, 0.14% (80) Native American, 10.60% (6,003) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 4.06% (2,297) from other races, and 2.40% (1,357) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.94% (8,465) of the population.
Of the 19,556 households, 31.6% had children under the age of 18; 53.7% were married couples living together; 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 27.0% were non-families. Of all households, 23.0% were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.35.
21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 89.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 85.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,722 (with a margin of error of +/− $4,858) and the median family income was $86,705 (+/− $3,822). Males had a median income of $54,811 (+/− $1,998) versus $47,144 (+/− $2,316) for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,135 (+/− $1,104). About 3.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census of 2000, there were 54,405 people, 19,534 households, and 14,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,968.1 people per square mile (2,303.3/km2). There were 20,001 housing units at an average density of 2,194.1 per square mile (846.8/km2). An example of a diverse municipality in the United States, the racial makeup of the township was 67.66% White, 19.76% African American, 0.15% Native American, 7.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.44% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.93% of the population.
There were 19,534 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the township the population was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $59,173, and the median income for a family was $68,707. Males had a median income of $45,299 versus $35,604 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,768. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Union Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state. The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. The Mayor, in addition to voting as a member of the Township Committee, presides over the meetings of the committee and carries out ceremonial duties.
As of 2022[update], members of the Union Township Committee are Mayor Manuel T. Figueiredo (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2024; term as mayor ends 2022), Deputy Mayor Suzette Cavadas (D, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2022), Michele S. Delisfort (D, 2024), Joseph M. Florio (D, 2023) and Clifton People Jr. (D, 2022).
Mayors of Union
|#||Mayor||Years in Office||Party||Terms||Notes|
|1||John Leonard||1879–1883||1–4||First term|
|2||James A. Burnett||1884–1885||5–6|
|3||John Leonard||1886||7||Second term|
|4||James B. Woodruff||1887–1891||8–12||Five Consecutive Terms|
|5||John Tunison||1892–1893||13–14||Two consecutive terms|
|6||Daniel H. Beach||1894–1895||15–16||Two consecutive terms|
|7||William P. Bonnell||1896||17|
|8||John H. Doremus||1897||18||First term|
|9||Daniel H. Beach||1898||19||Third term|
|10||William A. Bainbridge||1899||20|
|11||John H. Doremus||1900||21||Second term|
|12||Daniel H. Beach||1901||22||Fourth term|
|13||John H. Doremus||1902–1903||23–24||Third and fourth terms|
|14||Walter A. Miller||1904–1905||25–26||Two consecutive terms|
|15||Daniel B. Wade||1906||25||First Term|
|16||John H. Doremus||1907||26||Fourth term|
|17||Daniel H. Beach||1908||27|
|18||Daniel B. Wade||1909||28|
|20||Daniel H. Beach||1911||30|
|21||Howard B. Kline||1912||31|
|22||Daniel H. Beach||1914||33|
|23||Cornelius E. Blanchard||1915||34|
|24||George A. Bashford||1916||35|
|25||Daniel H. Beach||1917||36|
|27||George A. Bashford||1919||38|
|28||Daniel H. Beach||1920–1921||39–40||Two consecutive terms|
|29||George A. Bashford||1922||41|
|30||Ambrose B. Kline||1923||42|
|31||Charles W. Mink||1924–1926||43–45||Three consecutive terms|
|32||Ambrose B. Kline||1927–1928||46–47||Two consecutive terms|
|33||Gustav Hummel Jr.||1929–1931||48–50||Three consecutive terms|
|34||Max A. Schoenwalder||1932–1933||51–52||Two consecutive terms|
|35||Charles Schramm||1934–1939||53–58||Six consecutive terms. Resigned in 1939|
|36||Fred Edward Biertuempfel||1939–1973||Republican||59–93||Thirty-four consecutive terms.|
|37||Samuel Rabkin||1973||Republican||93||Finished Biertuempfel's term. Rabkin field named after him|
|38||Anthony E. Russo||1974||Democrat||94|
|39||James C. Conlon||1975||Republican||95|
|40||John S. Zimmerman||1976||Democrat||96|
|42||James C. Conlon||1978–1980||Democrat||98–99||Two consecutive terms|
|44||James C. Conlon||1982||Republican||101|
|45||Anthony E. Russo||1983–1986||Democrat||102|
|49||Diane Heelan||1987||Republican||106||Union's first female mayor|
|50||Anthony E. Russo||1988–1993||Democrat||107|
|60||Anthony L. Terrezza||1998–1999||Democrat||117–118||Two consecutive terms|
|62||Peter A. Capodice||2001||Democrat||120|
|64||Brenda C. Restivo||2003||Democrat||122|
|65||Anthony L. Terrezza||2004||Democrat||123|
|67||Peter A. Capodice||2006||Democrat||125|
|68||Brenda C. Restivo||2007||Democrat||126||Second Term|
|69||Clifton People Jr.||2008||Democrat||127||Union's first African-American mayor|
|70||Anthony L. Terrezza||2009–2010||Democrat||128–129||Two consecutive terms|
|71||Joseph Florio||2011–2012||Democrat||130–131||Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor|
|72||Clifton People Jr.||2013–2014||Democrat||132–133||Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor|
|73||Manuel T. Figueiredo||2015–2016||Democrat||134–135||Two consecutive terms|
|75||Michèle S. Delisfort||2019–2021||Democrat||137–139||Three consecutive terms|
|76||Manuel T. Figueiredo||2022–Present||Democrat||140|
Federal, state and county representation
Union Township is split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Union Township had also been split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts with different boundaries, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. The redistricting plan that took effect in 2013 placed 31,611 residents living in the central and western portions of the township into the 7th District, while 25,031 residents in a semicircle that runs along the northern, eastern and southern borders of the township were placed into the 10th District.
For the 117th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, East Amwell Township). For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Cryan (D, Union Township, Union County) and in the General Assembly by Reginald Atkins (D, Roselle) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).
Union County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chair and Vice Chair from among its members. As of 2022[update], Union County's County Commissioners are Chair Rebecca Williams (D, Plainfield, term as commissioner and as chair ends December 31, 2022), Vice Chair Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term as commissioner ends 2023; term as vice chair ends 2022), James E. Baker Jr. (D, Rahway, 2024), Angela R. Garretson (D, Hillside, 2023), Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2022), Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2022), Lourdes M. Leon (D, Elizabeth, 2023), Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2024) and Kimberly Palmieri-Mouded (D, Westfield, 2024). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union Township, 2025), Sheriff Peter Corvelli (D, Kenilworth, 2023) and Surrogate Susan Dinardo (acting). The County Manager is Edward Oatman.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 31,155 registered voters in Union Township, of which 12,061 (38.7% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,928 (12.6% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 15,157 (48.7% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 55.0% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 69.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 16,423 votes (70.7% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 6,464 votes (27.8% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 155 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 23,235 ballots cast by the township's 33,589 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.2% (vs. 68.8% in Union County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 15,625 votes (63.8% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 8,462 votes (34.5% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 189 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 24,505 ballots cast by the township's 32,622 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1% (vs. 74.7% in Union County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 12,751 votes (57.9% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 8,987 votes (40.8% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 174 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 22,013 ballots cast by the township's 30,383 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.5% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 53.4% of the vote (6,269 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 45.4% (5,334 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (135 votes), among the 12,013 ballots cast by the township's 33,305 registered voters (275 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 7,628 ballots cast (53.0% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 5,734 votes (39.8% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 741 votes (5.1% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 113 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 14,397 ballots cast by the township's 31,972 registered voters, yielding a 45.0% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).
The Union Public School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–2019 school year, the district, comprised of 10 schools, had an enrollment of 7,219 students and 614.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1. The schools in the district (with 2018–2019 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Battle Hill Elementary School (391 students; in grades Pre-K–4), Hannah Caldwell Elementary School (508; Pre-K–4), Connecticut Farms Elementary School (403; Pre-K–4), Franklin Elementary School (417; Pre-K–4), Livingston Elementary School (424; Pre-K–4), Washington Elementary School (575; Pre-K–4), Jefferson Elementary School (544; in grade 5), Burnet Middle School (961; 6–8), Kawameeh Middle School (674; 6–8) and Union High School (2,180; 9–12).
Union was threatened with being the first municipality north of the Mason–Dixon line to suffer from penalties as a result of school segregation. The area of Vauxhall was primarily black and the students enrolled at Jefferson Elementary School were disproportionately black, compared to the rest of the township. Union avoided problems by converting Jefferson Elementary into a sixth-grade only school called Central 6 and bused the Jefferson students to all the other elementary schools. It was later renamed Central 5 and is now Jefferson School, which is used as a one-year school for fifth-grade students.
Union is home to several private nursery schools and the Deron School, a private school for learning disabled students ages 5–13. St. Michael's Parish School and Holy Spirit School (founded in 1965) operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.
Kean University, dating back to 1855, serves a total student population of almost 16,000. Called New Jersey State Teachers College when it was located in Newark, the school moved to Union in 1958, was renamed Kean College in 1973 and was granted university status in 1997.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 145.85 miles (234.72 km) of roadways, of which 120.11 miles (193.30 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.43 miles (18.39 km) by Union County and 12.46 miles (20.05 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.85 miles (2.98 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The Parkway connects Kenilworth in the south to Hillside in the north. The Parkway includes interchanges 139A (Chestnut Street) / 139B (Route 82 West Union), interchanges 140 (Route 22 / Route 82 west) / 140A (Route 22 / Route 82 west) and interchange 141 (Vauxhall Road / Union).
NJ Transit offers rail service at the Union train station providing service on the Raritan Valley Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad) to Newark Penn Station. The station opened in 2003 and includes a parking lot with over 450 spaces.
NJ Transit also provides bus service to New York City and New Jersey points on the 113, 114 and 117 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 65, 66 70 and 94 routes to Newark and local service on the 26 and 52.
Former Rahway Valley Railroad freight line, now abandoned, crosses through Union. This line, presently leased to Morristown and Erie Railway, is in the process of revitalization after which it will link to NJ Transit's Morris and Essex Lines at Summit and connect to Staten Island.
Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Union.
- The Union Watersphere, for many years the tallest water tower of its type in the world, stands 212 feet tall, holds 250,000 gallons of drinking water and is now also used as a cell phone tower. The landmark and icon inspired a former Union resident to create a website and museum (in Austin, Texas) dedicated to it.
- Union is home to several houses constructed totally of poured concrete, an experiment of Thomas Edison. The homes on Ingersoll Terrace include poured concrete interior walls with formed concrete plumbing.
- Union is home to a building in the shape of a ship at 2262 U.S. Route 22. Originally a restaurant and night club, it has changed ownership over the years, becoming a furniture store known as "The Flagship" and later The Wiz Home Electronics. It is currently a P. C. Richard & Son store.
- Union is home to The Home Depot Superstore, that at 217,000 square feet (20,200 m2) was the chain's largest store in the world as of 2012.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Union Township include:
- Aminat Ayinde, the second runner-up from Cycle 12 of America's Next Top Model
- C. Louis Bassano (born 1942), politician who served in both the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate
- Isaiah Briscoe (born 1996), basketball player for the Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team
- Freddie 'Red' Cochrane (1915–1993), professional boxer in the welterweight (147lb) division who became World Champion in 1941 in that class
- Joe Collins (1922–1989), first baseman for the New York Yankees from 1948 to 1957 A park on Liberty Avenue is named after him.
- Tom Coyne (1954–2017), mastering engineer
- Jonathan Townley Crane (1819–1880), clergyman, author and abolitionist
- Joseph Cryan (born 1961), represents the 20th legislative district in the New Jersey General Assembly
- Quenton DeCosey (born 1994), professional basketball player for Koroivos of the Greek Basket League
- Jamie Fox (1954–2017), political strategist
- Gina Genovese (born 1959), businesswoman and politician who has served as mayor of Long Hill Township
- Kayla Hoffman (born 1988), artistic gymnast
- Mildred Barry Hughes (1902–1995), the first woman elected to the New Jersey Senate, in 1965
- Ron Karkovice (born 1963), Major League baseball catcher from 1986 to 1997
- Amalya Lyle Kearse (born 1937), a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
- Myra Smith Kearse (1899–1982), physician and community leader
- Larry Kubin (born 1959), linebacker who played with the Washington Redskins from 1981 to 1984
- Kelly Kulick (born 1977), professional bowler who became the first woman ever to win a regular Professional Bowlers Association tour title
- Artie Lange (born 1967), comedian, actor, and former Howard Stern Show sidekick
- Ray Liotta (1954–2022), actor
- Ed Lucas (1939–2021), blind sportswriter who primarily covered the New York Yankees
- Elliott Maddox (born 1947), professional baseball player with both the New York Yankees 1974–1976 and the New York Mets 1978–1980
- Conde McGinley (born 1890), publisher of the anti-Communist and anti-Semitic weekly paper, Common Sense
- Bob Mischak (1932–2014), American football guard and tight end who played in the American Football League and the NFL
- Eulace Peacock (1914–1996), track and field athlete in the 1930s who was a top competitor of Jesse Owens
- Matthew John Rinaldo (born 1931), represented New Jersey in the United States House of Representatives for twenty years, in the 12th congressional district (1973–1983) and in the 7th congressional district (1983–1993)
- Tyler Roberson (born 1994), professional basketball player for the Agua Caliente Clippers of the NBA G League
- Lawrence E. Roberts (1922–2004), pilot with the Tuskegee Airmen and a colonel in the United States Air Force
- Philip Rubin (born 1949), cognitive scientist, technologist and science administrator
- Anthony E. Russo (born 1926), former member of the New Jersey Senate who served as Mayor of Union
- Karl Schellscheidt (born 1968), soccer player, educator and entrepreneur
- Manfred Schellscheidt (born 1941), German-American soccer coach and former player and member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame
- Amy Simon (born 1971), planetary scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
- Darnell Stapleton (born 1985), former offensive guard for the Pittsburgh Steelers who was a member of the Steelers' Super Bowl XLIII championship team
- Travis Taylor (born 1990), professional basketball player
- Bill Wenzel (1918–1987), cartoonist best known for his good girl art
- Robert Wuhl (born 1951), actor
- Darren Young (born 1983), professional wrestler formerly signed to WWE where he is one half of The Prime Time Players with Titus O'Neil
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Township Committee, Union Township. Accessed June 27, 2022.
- 2022 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2022.
- Jackman, EmilyAnn. "Union reorganization meeting recognizes efforts of township in the past year", Union News Daily, January 8, 2022. Accessed June 27, 2022. "New Union Township Mayor Manuel Figueiredo was ushered in at Union Township’s reorganization meeting on Saturday, Jan. 1, as he was nominated chairperson of the Township Committee."
- Administration Office, Township of Union. Accessed June 27, 2022.
- Clerk's Office, Township of Union. Accessed June 27, 2022.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 90.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Union, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- 2010 Census: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 10, 2011.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, Union County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Union township Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- QuickFacts for Union township, Union County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Union, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- "ZIP Code™ Lookup | USPS".
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 24, 2013.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Union", The New York Times, October 27, 1991. Accessed February 25, 2012. "Union, the third oldest English settlement in New Jersey after Newark and Elizabeth, is returning to its Colonial roots.... Union was settled in 1667 by Puritans, who left Connecticut fearing religious persecution. Then called Connecticut Farms, the community figured prominently in shipbuilding from the late 17th century, when the Headleys, one of its first European families, established a factory for wooden hoops to hold sails to masts."
- Yesenko, Michael R. "Union historian Yesenko presents 'Remembering General George Washington'", Suburban News, January 20, 2010. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 241. Accessed February 25, 2012.
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- Staff. "Union May Again Be 'Connecticut Farms'", The New York Times, July 15, 1946. Accessed July 18, 2018. "Union, N. J., July 14 - Backed by the Union Exchange Club, a movement has been launched to change the township's name to Connecticut Farms, a name given to it by early settlers who came here from Connecticut."
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- Sullivan, John. "In Person; McGreevey Goes for Muscle", The New York Times, December 1, 2002. Accessed May 24, 2013. "He was born in Elizabeth and raised in Union Township, and when he was 13 he sneaked out of his house and took a train into Manhattan to attend a wake for Robert F. Kennedy."
- Magyar, Mark J. "Profile: The Woman Who Wants to End NJ’s 'Multiple Municipal Madness'", NJ Spotlight, April 30, 2014. Accessed July 11, 2017. "Born in Union, she moved to Berkeley Heights with her family at the age of 12."
- Kausler Jr., Don. "Alabama gymnast Kayla Hoffman named the SEC Female Athlete of the Year", The Birmingham News, June 28, 2011. Accessed October 16, 2015. "The Union, N.J., native is the sixth Alabama athlete and fifth Tide gymnast to be named SEC Female Athlete of the Year, joining gymnasts Penney Hauschild (1985), Dee Foster (1990), Andreé Pickens (2002), Rice (2004) and track star Lillie Leatherwood (1987)."
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- Washington, Ethel M. Union County Black Americans p. 93. Arcadia Publishing, 2004. ISBN 9780738536835. Accessed October 16, 2015. "Jimmy Carter appointed Amalya Lyle Kearse judge for the U.S. District Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, in New York. Born in the Vauxhall section of Union, Judge Kearse received her bachelor's degree from Wellesley College in Massachusetts and juris doctorate degree from the University of Michigan Law School."
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