Clo-oose (tluu7uus in the Nuu-chah-nulth language) is a village of the Ditidaht people in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is located just southwest of the west end of Nitinat Lake in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve on the west coast of Vancouver Island, about 65 kilometres (40 mi) south of Port Alberni. Its population is approximately 50 and consists of members of the Ditidaht First Nation. The village is located entirely on Claoose Indian Reserve No. 4 but the name refers to the locality beyond the reserve also, which has in the past had non-native residents.
The name Clo-oose comes from the Nitinaht word 'tlu7uus which means "camping place." It is not clear when Clo-oose first became a permanent village. When the reserve was surveyed in 1892, there were seven houses and in 1906, John T. Walbran mentioned it by name in his book on British Columbia coast names: "Clo-oose, situated about a mile eastward of the entrance to Nitinat Lake, is ... the principal village in the neighbourhood". Prior to its establishment as a village, it served as a favourite resting spot for the native halibut fishermen. On 1 September 1911, the Clo-oose post office was opened and it served the community for nearly 55 years, finally closing on 11 August 1966.
Meaning of the name
There are several interpretations of the Nuu-chah-nulth word "Clo-oose":
- "Clo-oose (locality)". BC Geographical Names.
- BC Stats – Census 2001
- Walbran, Captain John T. (1971), British Columbia Place Names, Their Origin and History (Facsimile reprint of 1909 ed.), Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN 0-88894-143-9
- Akrigg, Helen B. and Akrigg, G.P.V; British Columbia Place Names; Sono Nis Press, Victoria 1986 or University of British Columbia Press 1997
- BC Geographical Names Information System Archived 2007-10-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- Barbara Godard, "Pickthall, Marjorie Lowry Christie," Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, Web, November 1, 2010
- S.J. Hartnell, Industrial Timber Mills Bulletin, Youbou, October 1933
- Victoria Colonist, Islander magazine, 7 August 1966
- Victoria Colonist, Islander magazine, 1 July 1967