Clover Hill (Culpeper, Virginia)

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General Custer and staff at Clover Hill, 1864

Clover Hill is a decaying 18th-century plantation house near Culpeper in Culpeper County, Virginia.[1] Clover Hill is best known for serving as the headquarters for Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer during the American Civil War.[1][2] Clover Hill was home to James Barbour (26 February 1828 – 29 October 1895), a prominent American lawyer, planter, delegate from Virginia to the 1860 Democratic National Convention, delegate to the 1861 Virginia secession convention, and a major in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[3][4]


The house at Clover Hill was constructed in 1775.[1]

During the American Civil War, Clover Hill was used by Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer as his headquarters.[1][2] Custer and his new bride Elizabeth "Libbie" Bacon honeymooned at Clover Hill during the Winter of 1864.[1][2] Custer named his encampment "Camp Libbie" in his bride's honor.[2]


Clover Hill exhibits a steeply pitched gabled roof with false dormers and arched windows.[1] Clover Hill is clad in a tongue and groove siding.[1] The home's architect is unknown.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Zann Miner (December 7, 2008). "Taking a home tour down old Route 3". Culpeper Star-Exponent. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d Town of Culpeper/Tourism Department. "A Driving Tour of Civil War Culpeper" (PDF). Town of Culpeper/Tourism Department. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard (March 24, 2009). "Barbour family of Virginia". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  4. ^ Find A Grave (Apr 26, 2004). "Maj James Barbour". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-04-05.