Columbia TriStar Television
Columbia TriStar Television logo used from 1997 until 2002.
|Fate||Renamed as Sony Pictures Television|
|Founded||February 21, 1994|
|Defunct||September 16, 2002|
|Samuel White (Co-President)|
|Parent||Sony Pictures Entertainment|
Columbia Pictures Television
Columbia TriStar International Television
Columbia TriStar Television (CTT) was an American television company that ran from 1994 to 2002. It was operated as the third name of the early television studio Screen Gems and the fourth name of Pioneer Telefilms, itself part of Sony Pictures Entertainment and the second company to use the Columbia and TriStar names together (the first being Columbia TriStar Home Video, now Sony Pictures Home Entertainment).
Columbia TriStar Television was launched on February 21, 1994, as a merger between Columbia Pictures Television and TriStar Television under the leadership of Jon Feltheimer, who was president of TriStar Television from 1991 to 1994 and New World Television until 1991. After the merger, Columbia Pictures Television Distribution was renamed to Columbia TriStar Television Distribution, but the old name continued to appear on-screen until 1996. The new studio first entered production after dismantling and folding Merv Griffin Enterprises on June 4, by producing Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune, distributed by King World, starting in September 1994. Expanding its television library in 1994, SPE acquired Stewart Television.
Its global subsidiary, Columbia TriStar International Television, distributed Sony's programs across the globe. It was created in 1993 by renaming Columbia Pictures International Television. This was also the launch of the Columbia TriStar Television Group a year later.
The studio's US distribution arm, Columbia TriStar Television Distribution, was fully launched in 1996 to distribute Sony's programs all across America and to produce and distribute their own programs as well as movies for first-run syndication and cable.
In 1996, CTT launched their own animation division, Columbia TriStar Children's Television. The name was changed in 1997 to Adelaide Productions. Within dismantling of Columbia Pictures Television in 2001 and TriStar Television in 1999, these studios were folded into Columbia TriStar Television. In 1998, it made a partnership with Global Maritime Group to create the company called Global Entertainment Productions GmbH & Company Medien KG used for copyright purposes. Here are the exceptions those: Columbia TriStar Television, Inc. remains as the copyright holder for The King of Queens, TriStar Television, Inc. remains as the copyright holder for Early Edition, and Adelaide Productions, Inc. is the copyright holder for animated series, except for Dilbert (see below). In 1999, they went back to the old way and ELP and TriStar TV ceased production operations. TriStar Television however, remains in-name-only. On October 25, 2001, CTT and CTTD merged to form Columbia TriStar Domestic Television.
The end of CTT
On September 16, 2002, Sony Pictures Entertainment retired the name "Columbia TriStar" from television and renamed the American studio to Sony Pictures Television and its international division to Sony Pictures Television International. Some shows continued using the CTDT name, many stopped using it in November 2002, while Hollywood Squares continued using it until early 2003.
Notes and references
- "Los Angeles Times" http://articles.latimes.com/1994-02-11/business/fi-21622_1_vice-president latimes.com February 11, 1994, Retrieved on June 28, 2012
- "EBSCO Host Connection" Feltheimer heads new Columbia TriStar TV connection.ebscohost.com, Retrieved on December 18, 2012
- "Feltheimer heads new Columbia TriStar TV". Broadcasting: p. 20. 1994-02-21.
- "Los Angeles Times" Company Town Annex articles.latimes.com, Retrieved on July 1, 2013
- "New York Times" Sony-Griffin Deal nytimes.com, Retrieved on July 1, 2013
- The actual first season was done by Global Entertainment Productions GmbH and Company Meiden KG, while animation was provided by Adelaide Productions.
- "The Free Library" Sony Pictures Entertainment Unveils Realignment of Columbia TriStar Domestic Television Operations. thefreelibrary.com, Retrieved on July 3, 2012
- Sony Pictures Entertainment Renames Television Operations; Domestic and International Divisions Take Sony Name, prnewswire.com