Common green frog
|Common green frog|
|From Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur|
Several, see text
The common green frog (Hylarana erythraea) is a frog species of in the true frog family Ranidae; some sources still use the old name Rana erythraea. It lives in Southeast Asia and is also known as green paddy frog, red-eared frog or leaf frog. The last name, however, commonly refers to the Neotropical tree frogs which make up the subfamily Phyllomedusinae. These are not closely related to H. erythraea, belonging to family Hylidae instead.
Taxonomy and systematics
Long placed in Rana, it is only as closely related to this genus as is e.g. Amolops. Consequently, the genus Hylarana, of which the common green frog is the type species, warrants re-establishment. Hylarana seems to form a clade together with the similarly revalidated genera Pulchrana and Sylvirana, and presumably also Hydrophylax as well as some species presently placed in Pelophylax (e.g. Kokarit Frog, "P." lateralis).
- Hyla erythraea Schlegel, 1837
- Hylorana erythraea (lapsus)
- Limnodytes erythraeus (Schlegel, 1837)
- Polypedates erythraea (Schlegel, 1837)
- Rana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837)
Male Hylarana erythraea grow to a snout–vent length of 30–45 mm (1.2–1.8 in) and females to 50–75 mm (2.0–3.0 in). Tadpoles are up to 36 mm (1.4 in) in length. They have smooth skin that is bright green above and on sides. Tympanum is distinct.
Distribution and ecology
H. erythraea occurs in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Introduced populations are found on Sulawesi and the Philippines. The similar frogs from northeastern India and adjacent regions, formerly included here, are now separated as Hylarana tytleri.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, rural gardens, heavily degraded former forest, irrigated land, seasonally flooded agricultural land, and introduced vegetation.
- Diesmos et al. (2011)
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Hylarana erythraea (Schlegel, 1837)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Stuart (2008), van Dijk et al. (2011)
- "Hylarana erythraea". Amphibians and Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Diesmos, A.; Alcala, A.; Brown, R.; Afuang, L.; Gee, G.; Sukumaran, J.; Yaakob, N.; Ming, Leong Tzi; Chuaynkern, Yodchaiy; Thirakhupt, Kumthorn; et al. (2011). "Hylarana erythraea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Stuart, Bryan L. (2008): The phylogenetic problem of Huia (Amphibia: Ranidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46(1): 49-60. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.09.016 PDF fulltext