Comorian presidential election, 2006

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politics and government of
the Comoros

Presidential elections were held in the Comoros on 16 April and 14 May 2006. As it was the turn of the island of Anjouan to hold the union presidency, a primary election was held in Anjouan on 16 April, prior to a national election on 14 May. The result was a victory for Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, who received 58% of the vote in the national election.


The first presidential elections held under the new constitution were conducted on 10 March and 14 April 2002. In the 10 March primary held on the island of Grande Comore, Azali Assoumani finished first out of a field of nine candidates with 39.81% of the vote. Mahamoud Mradabi and Saïd Ali Kemal also qualified to participate in the second round, obtaining 15.69% and 10.68%, respectively. However, Mradabi and Kemal alleged that irregularities had occurred during the primary and decided to boycott the 14 April poll. As a result, Azali Assoumani won approximately 80% of the vote.

A total of fourteen candidates were cleared to participate in the 2006 primaries by the country's constitutional court. However, one of the approved candidates, Antoy Abdou, withdrew prior to election day.

Electoral system[edit]

After a period of political instability that began in the late 1990s and saw the (unrecognized) secession of Anjouan and Mohéli, a new constitution was approved in a December 2001 referendum. It created a union of semi-autonomous islands, each with its own constitution, president, and assembly. The position of union president, who is the head of state and government, rotates between the three islands every four years.

A primary election is held on the island that will hold the union presidency. The three candidates who receive the most votes then stand in a nationwide election with a simple plurality needed to win.


Candidate Party Anjouan primary National election
Votes % Votes %
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi Independent 14,568 26.93 99,112 58.02
Mohamed Djaanfari Independent 8,052 14.88 23,322 13.65
Ibrahim Halidi Movement for the Comoros 6,376 11.7 48,378 28.32
Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed Independent 5,877 10.86
Nourdine Midiladji Independent 5,221 9.65
Nassuf Ahmed Abdallah Independent 3,276 6.06
Halidy Charif Independent 2,868 5.30
Said Ali Youssouf Independent 2,353 4.35
Chadhouli Abdou Rally for a Development Initiative with an Enlightened Youth 1,918 3.55
Moussa Houmadi Democratic Front 960 1.77
Loutfi Soulaimane Comorian Party for Democracy and Progress 952 1.76
Abdourahmane Mohamed Ben Ali Independent 939 1.74
Mohamed Ahmed Chamanga Independent 738 1.36
Invalid/blank votes 2,873 6,789
Total 56,971 100 177,601 100
Registered voters/turnout 117,249 48.59 310,177 57.26
Source: African Elections Database, IFES

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