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Sophie Rostopchine, Countess of Ségur, born Sofiya Feodorovna Rostopchina (Russian: Софья Фёдоровна Ростопчина; 1 August 1799 in Saint Petersburg – 8 February 1874 in Paris), was a French writer of Russian birth and origin. She is best known today for her novel Les Malheurs de Sophie (Sophie's misfortunes), intended for children.
Her father Count Fyodor Rostopchin was lieutenant-general and, later, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Russia. In 1812, he was governor of Moscow during the invasion of the Grande Armée under Napoleon I of France. While facts concerning the origin of the great fire of Moscow are disputed by historians, Sophie Rostopchine's father has been said by some to have organized (despite opposition from the wealthy property-owners in the city) the great fire which forced Napoleon to make a disastrous retreat.
In 1814 the Rostopchine family left Imperial Russia for exile, going first to the Duchy of Warsaw, then to the German Confederation and the Italian peninsula and finally in 1817 to France under the Bourbon Restoration. In France, the father established a salon, and his wife and daughter converted to Roman Catholicism from Russian Orthodoxy.
It was in her father's salon that Sophie Rostopchine met Eugène Henri Raymond, Count of Ségur (Fresnes, Seine-et-Marne on 12 February 1798 – Château de Méry-sur-Oise 15 July 1869), whom she married on 13/14 July 1819. The marriage was largely an unhappy one: her husband was flighty, distant and poor (until being made a Peer of France in 1830), and his infrequent conjugal visits to their château des Nouettes (near L'Aigle, Orne) produced eight children, including Nathalie de Ségur and the father of the historian Pierre de Ségur (Eugène de Ségur is said to have called his wife "la mère Gigogne", or "Mother Gigogne" in reference to a theatre character of 1602, an enormous woman out of whose skirts a crowd of children appeared).
The Comtesse de Ségur wrote her first novel at the age of 58.
The novels of the Countess of Ségur were published from 1857 to 1872 in the "Bibliothèque rose illustrée" by the publishing house Hachette. They were collected together in 1990 under the title Œuvres de la comtesse de Ségur in the collection "Bouquins" (publisher: Robert Laffont).
- Un bon petit diable
- Les Malheurs de Sophie
- Diloy le chemineau
- Mémoires d'un âne
- Jean qui grogne et Jean qui rit
- Le Mauvais Génie
- François le bossu
- Les Caprices de Gizelle
- Pauvre Blaise
- La Fortune de Gaspard
- Quel amour d'enfant !
- Les Petites Filles modèles
- La sœur de Gribouille
- Après la pluie, le beau temps
- Les Vacances
- L'auberge de l'Ange Gardien
- Le général Dourakine
On 1 August 2014, Google celebrated Comtesse de Ségur's 215th Birthday with a doodle.
- Media related to Sophie Rostopchine, Comtesse de Ségur at Wikimedia Commons
- Works by Sophie Rostopchine, Comtesse de Ségur at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Comtesse Sophie de Ségur at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by or about Comtesse de Ségur at Internet Archive
- Works by Countess of Ségur at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Life and works of the comtesse de Ségur (in French)
- Link label Archived 20 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine Sophie Heywood, Catholicism and Children's Literature: the comtesse de Ségur (1799–1874), Manchester University Press, 2011
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- Desk, OV Digital (1 August 2023). "1 August: Remembering Comtesse de Ségur on Birthday". Observer Voice. Retrieved 15 August 2023.