Congregational Union of Australia
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Congregational Churches existed in all states and territories of Australia at one time. The oldest Congregational Church was founded in Hobart in 1830.
Some of the first Congregational Churches established in each Australian state included the Pitt St church in Sydney, Stow Memorial (now Pilgrim Uniting) church in Adelaide, Collins St (now St Michael's) church in Melbourne, Trinity (now Trinity Uniting) in Perth, and National Memorial Church (now City Uniting) in Canberra.
The Congregational Church was the first Christian denomination in Australia to ordain women, with the first female ordinand being Winifred Kiek in 1927.
The Union dissolved in 1977, when the Uniting Church in Australia was formed. 260 of the congregations that had previously formed the Union joined the new Uniting Church. The Uniting Church union also included the Methodist Church of Australasia and the Presbyterian Church of Australia.
However, 40 other congregations that had previously formed the Union objected to joining the new Uniting Church, and formed the Fellowship of Congregational Churches instead. In 1995, there was a split within that Fellowship, with some more ecumenically-minded congregations leaving to form the Congregational Federation of Australia.
Today, there are therefore three Christian organisations that can claim to be direct 'descendants' of the Union.
- Local Ecumenism Working Group, NSW Ecumenical Council (2000). "The Congregational Federation of NSW". When Churches Join - 6. General Documents. Archived from the original (htm) on 2006-08-19. Retrieved 2006-04-18.
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