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Galápagos land iguana
Galápagos land iguana (Conolophus subcristatus).jpg
Conolophus subcristatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Iguanidae
Genus: Conolophus
Fitzinger, 1843

The Galápagos land iguanas comprise the genus Conolophus of the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). The name Conolophus is derived from two Greek words: conos (κώνος), meaning "spiny", and lophos (λοφος), meaning "crest" or "plume", denoting the spiny crests along the backs of these species. The number of species of this variable genus has always been disputed; the most current taxonomic surveys suggest that three species exist:

Extant species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Iguane terrestre des Galapagos.jpg Conolophus subcristatus Galápagos land iguana Galápagos Islands (Ecuador), in the dry lowlands of Fernandina, Isabela, Santa Cruz, North Seymour, Baltra, and South Plaza Islands
Iggy pink.jpg Conolophus marthae[1] Galápagos pink land iguana Northern Isabela Island in the Galápagos (Ecuador)
Land Iguana - Santa Fe.jpg Conolophus pallidus Santa Fe land iguana Santa Fe Island in the Galapagos


  • Frost, D.E. and R.E. Etheridge (1989) A Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomy of Iguanian Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Misc. Publ. 81
  • Frost, D.R., R. Etheridge, D. Janies and T.A. Titus (2001) Total evidence, sequence alignment, evolution of Polychrotid lizards, and a reclassification of the Iguania (Squamata: Iguania). American Museum Novitates 3343: 38 pp.


  1. ^ Gabriele Gentile & Howard L. Snell: Conolophus marthae sp.nov. (Squamata, Iguanidae), a new species of land iguana from the Galápagos archipelago In: Zootaxa 2201: 1–10 (2009) PDF fulltext

External Links[edit]