Coronella girondica

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Coronella girondica
BennyTrapp Coronella girondica.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Coronella
C. girondica
Binomial name
Coronella girondica
(Daudin, 1803)
Coronella girondica distribution.png

Coluber girondicus Daudin, 1803
Coluber riccioli Metaxa, 1823
Zamenis riccioli - Bonaparte, 1839
Coronella girondica - Duméril & Bibron, 1854
Coronella riccioli - De Betta, 1857

Common names: southern smooth snake, Riccioli's snake.

Coronella girondica is a harmless colubrid species found in southern Europe and northern Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[1]

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Spain, Portugal, southern France, Italy, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia.[1] Monaco is also mentioned.[2] The type locality given is Bordeaux, France.[1]


Coronella girondica is brown, grayish, or reddish dorsally, with dark brown or blackish transverse bars or spots. On the nape there is a dark U-shaped mark, or a pair of dark elongate spots. There is a dark streak from the eye to the corner of the mouth, a dark band from eye to eye across the prefrontals, and a black line below the eye. Ventrally it is yellowish or red with black markings. The dorsal scales, which are smooth, are in 21 rows (rarely 19). Adults may attain a total length of 62 cm (2 feet), of which 12.5 cm (5 inches) is tail.[3]


Its natural habitats are temperate forests, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, pastureland, and plantations.[2]

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Conservation status[edit]

This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).[2] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. Year assessed: 2005.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Coronella girondica at the Reptile Database. Accessed 2 September 2007.
  2. ^ a b c Coronella girondica at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 2 September 2007.
  3. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume II. London.
  4. ^ 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 2 September 2007.

External links[edit]