Corporation for National Research Initiatives

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The Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), based in Reston, Virginia, is a non-profit organization founded in 1986 by Robert E. Kahn as an "activities center around strategic development of network-based information technologies", including the National Information Infrastructure (NII) in the United States.[1]

CNRI publishes D-Lib Magazine, a journal of digital library research and development. It also develops the Handle System for managing and locating digital information.[2] CNRI obtained DARPA funding for the development of JPython (Jython), a Python implementation in and for Java, initially created by Jim Hugunin.[citation needed]


CNRI formerly operated the Secretariat of the Internet Engineering Task Force.[3] Guido van Rossum, pioneer for open source software and creator of Python, at one time worked for this company.

Handle System[edit]

In 1996, the Association of American Publishers announced that R.R. Bowker and the CNRI had been selected to design a Digital Object Identifier system. The effort was initiated after a year-long study of the need for a system to identify electronic copyright ownership and to manage the digital purchase of rights.[4] The CNRI Handle system was first demonstrated at a February 1997 meeting of the Professional/Scholarly Publishing (PSP) division of the AAP meeting in Washington, DC.[5] The Handle System is a technology specification for assigning, managing, and resolving persistent identifiers for digital objects and other resources on the Internet.


D-Lib Magazine is an on-line magazine dedicated to digital library research and development.


DO Repository and DO Registry[edit]

CNRI developed the Digital Object (DO) Repository software, with digital object architecture which provides a mechanism for the creation of, and access to, digital objects as discrete data structures with unique, resolvable identifiers.[6]

GNU Mailman[edit]

GNU Mailman


Python releases 1.3 through 1.6, see Python License


  1. ^ "About CNRI". Corporation for National Research Initiatives. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  2. ^ " - General FAQs". Corporation for National Research Initiatives. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Senior Advisory Board Member". Northern Virginia Technology Council. Retrieved 15 Apr 2014. 
  4. ^ Reid, Calvin (1996). "Bowker, CNRI to develop digital identifier system". Publishers Weekly (243(38) p.15). 
  5. ^ Simmonds, A.W. (1999). "The digital object identifier (DOI)". Publishing Research Quarterly (15(2), p. 10-13). 
  6. ^ "Digital Object (DO) Repository Software". Retrieved 15 Apr 2014. 

Externale links[edit]