|Fejervarya cancrivora from Bogor, West Java|
The crab-eating frog (Fejervarya cancrivora) is a frog native to south-eastern Asia including Taiwan, China, the Philippines and more rarely as far west as Orissa in India. It has also been introduced to Guam, and was most likely introduced from Taiwan. It inhabits mangrove swamps and marshes and is the only known modern amphibian which can tolerate brief excursions into sea water.
This frog can tolerate marine environments (immersion in sea water for brief periods or brackish water for extended periods) by increasing urea production and retention, and by remaining slightly hyperosmotic within urea and sodium flux. Adults can survive in salt water with salinity as high as 2.8%, and tadpoles can survive salinities as high as 3.9%.
The food sources of the crab-eating frog are mainly determined by the locally available prey. Near fresh water, its diet consists largely of insects. But in an environment with brackish water, small crustaceans, including crabs, form the main part.
In Southeast Asia, the crab-eating frog is locally hunted for food and is often farmed for its edible legs, including in Java, Indonesia.
- Yuan, Zhigang; Zhao, Ermi; Shi, Haitao; Diesmos, Arvin C.; Alcala, Angel C.; Brown, Rafe M.; Afuang, Leticia E.; Gee, Genevieve V. A.; Sukumaran, Jeet; Yaakob, Norsham Suhaina; et al. (2004). "Fejervarya cancrivora". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T58269A11759436. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58269A11759436.en. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
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- Rare species of frog, snake in Orissa
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- Amphibian and Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia - Fejervarya cancrivora
- Amphibian and Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia - Fejervarya raja
- Crab-eating Frog at Ecology Asia
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