Crișul Negru (river)

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Crișul Negru
Fekete-Körös
River
Countries Romania, Hungary
Counties Bihor County, Arad County
Békés County
Tributaries
 - left Teuz
 - right Holod
Towns Beiuș, Sarkad
Source confluence of headwaters Crișul Poienii and Crișul Băiței
 - location Apuseni Mountains
 - elevation 1,460 m (4,790 ft)
Mouth Körös (Criş)
 - location near Gyula,
Hungary
 - coordinates 46°42′1″N 21°16′9″E / 46.70028°N 21.26917°E / 46.70028; 21.26917Coordinates: 46°42′1″N 21°16′9″E / 46.70028°N 21.26917°E / 46.70028; 21.26917
Length 168 km (104 mi)
Basin 4,450 km2 (1,718 sq mi)
Discharge for Zerind
 - average 31.40 m3/s (1,109 cu ft/s)
 - max 648 m3/s (22,884 cu ft/s)
 - min 0.47 m3/s (17 cu ft/s)
Progression KörösTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

The Crișul Negru (Romanian), (Hungarian: Fekete-Körös) is a river in western Romania (Transylvania) and south-eastern Hungary (Békés county). The river starts at the confluence of headwaters Crișul Poienii and Crișul Băiței in the western Apuseni Mountains. It flows through the towns Ștei and Beiuș in Romania. One its tributaries is the small Roșia River. Crossing the border of Hungary the river, now called Fekete-Körös, joins the Fehér-Körös a few kilometres north from Gyula to form the Körös river. Part of the water from the river Crișul Repede is diverted towards the Crișul Negru by the Criș Collector Canal.

Hydronymy[edit]

The name of this river comes from earlier Dacian Krísos, which meant "black",[1] making this a doublet (cf. Bulg čer "black", Old Church Slavonic čǐrnǔ, Old Prussian kirsnan, Albanian sorrë "raven") with Romanian negru "black".

Towns and villages[edit]

The following towns and villages are situated along the Crișul Negru, from source to mouth: Vașcău (on Crișul Poienii), Ștei, Rieni, Drăgăneşti, Oradea, Tărcaia, Beiuș, Șuncuiuș, Uileacu de Beiuș, Șoimi, Căpâlna, Tinca, Batăr, Avram Iancu, Zerind in Romania, and Sarkad in Hungary.

Headwaters and tributaries[edit]

The two headwaters of the Crișul Negru are the Crișul Poienii and the Crișul Băiţei, that are united at Ștei. The following rivers are tributaries to the Crișul Negru:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Katičic', Radislav. Ancient Languages of the Balkans, Part One. Paris: Mouton, 1976: 150.
  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Bihor [1]

Maps[edit]