Crieff Hydro

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Crieff Hydro
Crieff Hydro is located in Perth and Kinross
Crieff Hydro
Location within Perth and Kinross
General information
LocationCrieff, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom
Coordinates56°22′47″N 3°50′15″W / 56.37978°N 3.83763°W / 56.37978; -3.83763Coordinates: 56°22′47″N 3°50′15″W / 56.37978°N 3.83763°W / 56.37978; -3.83763
Opening1868
Design and construction
ArchitectRobert Ewan
DeveloperDr Thomas Meikle
Other information
Number of rooms>200 and 50 self-catering lodges
Number of restaurants6
Website
www.crieffhydro.com

Crieff Hydro is a hotel in Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland. The purpose-built hotel opened in 1868 as the Crieff Hydropathic Establishment, and is locally known as the Hydro. It was founded in 1868 by Dr Thomas Henry Meikle,[1] who had received treatment at a centre in Gräfenberg, Austria (now known as Lázně Jeseník, Czech Republic), where Vincenz Priessnitz had built such an establishment. Preissnitz based his pharmacopeia on water, exercise, fresh mountain air, water treatments in the brooks and simple country food.

History[edit]

In 1857, Dr Meikle, a recent medical graduate from Edinburgh University, observed Priessnitz's work and whilst being personally disparaging of him for his non-medical background, took back some of his principles for his new hydropathic establishment in Aberdeen,[2] Scotland. When Priessnitz came to Britain on a visit promoted by the publications of Captain R. T. Claridge, a prominent booster of his methods,[3] The Lancet was particularly scathing about his work, describing him as a charlatan and a fraud.[4] However, Dr James Manby Gully,[5] also an Edinburgh medical graduate, picked up on the "water cure", his most famous patient being Charles Darwin, who attended Gully's establishment in Malvern, Worcestershire.

Built in the second wave of such establishments in the UK in the latter part of the 19th century, Crieff Hydro utilised the Caledonian Railway to bring a prosperous, sober clientele from the lowlands of Scotland to take the cure in upmarket conditions. The architect of the original Scots-Jacobean style building, built at a cost of £30,000, was Robert Ewan, but the original building was extended in the later heyday of hydropathic spas in 1893–94.[6]

It was successful from the start and, from a stable of 20 such establishments across Scotland at the peak, is one of only two left, the other being Peebles Hydro in Peebles in similar upland surroundings. Priessnitz considered mountain scenery an essential background to his Nature Cure. By 1874, as medical superintendent, Dr Meikle was drawing a salary of £500 per annum, receiving dividends on his investment at the maximum of 7% and getting an extraordinary £279 as an ex gratia payment.[7] It was rather self-contained, farming its own estate until very recently[when?], and possessing its own hydroelectricity station, fed from Loch Turret until 1968, (now part of the seven-station Breadalbane hydroelectric scheme) and its own laundry. The company still has only 160 shareholders.[citation needed]

During the Second World War, the government took over the Hydro, and Free Polish forces were billeted there, to the chagrin of some of the residents of the town, who felt scarce food supplies were being diverted to the Poles' exclusive use.[citation needed]

It has been a Category B listed building since 1971.[1]

Regime[edit]

The principles of the establishment were decidedly firm and of a Protestant religious character (notably the United Presbyterians and the Evangelical Union favoured the establishment),[8] with a fine of one penny being levied for those who missed grace before meals.[9] It still has a large room, used for worship services, with a full-size organ. The establishment was teetotal until 1994 when the first bar was placed within the Highlandman Room - Today the hotel has several bars including The Meikle, The Hub and The Brasserie that have adjoining eateries. It is run by the great, great, great, grand nephew of the original founder and medical superintendent.[10] It became a favourite destination for alcoholics to dry-out. It offered and continues to offer cheap rates for Church of Scotland ministers out of season, though they are not required now to lead daily prayers. Smoking was also disapproved of, though not banned, a small and obscure room being set aside for smokers' use.

Today[edit]

The hotel operates as a 4/5* resort with over 200 bedrooms, over 50 self-catering properties and a dozen meeting rooms for conferences. The main restaurant, a Victorian dining room, is named after the founder. The hotel has over 60 facilities for indoor and outdoor pursuits such as a golf course, riding stables, a gym, swimming pools, 5-a-side football pitches and, basketball, badminton and squash courts. In 2006 the Resort opened BIG Country, a registered childcare facility offering free childcare to over 100 children of resort guests simultaneously. It is run by Stephen Leckie, the great-great-great-grand nephew of the founder.[10] In February 2014, Crieff Hydro announced it would start operating five other Hotels in Scotland and one in Harrogate. These included Peebles Hydro, the Park Hotel in Peebles, the Ballachulish Hotel, the Isles of Glencoe Hotel and Leisure Centre, the Oban Caledonian Hotel and the Yorkshire Hotel.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Overview of Crieff Hydro". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  2. ^ Repositioning Victorian sciences ... - David Clifford - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Hydropathy; Or The Cold Water Cure, as Practised by Vincent Priessnitz, at Graefenberg, Silesia ... : R. T. Claridge : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  4. ^ "A Shadow of Orthodoxy? an Epistemology of British Hydropathy, 1840-1858 by James Bradley, Marguerite Dupree". Questia.com. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  5. ^ "The dangers of the water cure and its efficacy examined and compared with those of the drug ... : James Wilson, James Manby Gully : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  6. ^ "Basic Site Details: Crieff Hydropathic". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
  7. ^ "Powered by Google Docs". Docs.google.com. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  8. ^ "Scottish Church History Society". Schs.org.uk. 27 November 2001. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  9. ^ "History of Crieff, Comrie, Auchterarder – Perthshire. 19thC". Strathearn.com. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  10. ^ a b Alf Young, Economics Editor (28 December 1991). "At Crieff you can now take more than the waters – Herald Scotland | Sport | SPL | Aberdeen". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 20 April 2011.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Eversham, Eve. "Scotland's Crieff Hydro to acquire two McMillan Hotels". Big Hospitality. William Reed Business Media.