Crossroads (Tracy Chapman album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crossroads
Tracy Chapman - Crossroads.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 3, 1989
StudioPowertrax Studio, Hollywood, California
GenreContemporary folk
Length42:32
LabelElektra
ProducerTracy Chapman, David Kershenbaum
Tracy Chapman chronology
Tracy Chapman
(1988)
Crossroads
(1989)
Matters of the Heart
(1992)

Crossroads is the second album by singer-songwriter Tracy Chapman, released in 1989 (see 1989 in music). Chapman was also a producer on this album, the first time she had taken on such a role.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Tracy Chapman. The song "Freedom Now" is dedicated to Nelson Mandela.

  1. "Crossroads" – 4:11
  2. "Bridges" – 5:24
  3. "Freedom Now" – 4:02
  4. "Material World" – 3:02
  5. "Be Careful of My Heart" – 4:39
  6. "Subcity" – 5:09
  7. "Born to Fight" – 2:46
  8. "A Hundred Years" – 4:20
  9. "This Time" – 3:43
  10. "All That You Have Is Your Soul" – 5:16
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic3/5 stars [1]
Robert ChristgauB [2]
Rolling Stone4/5 stars [3]

Personnel[edit]

Technical
  • Kevin W. Smith - engineer, mixing
  • Herb Ritts - cover photography

Production[edit]

  • Producers: Tracy Chapman, David Kershenbaum

Charts[edit]

Album - Billboard (North America)

Year Chart Position
1989 The Billboard 200 9
1989 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums 72
1989 Swedish Albums Chart 8

Singles - Billboard (North America)

Year Single Chart Position
1989 "Crossroads" Mainstream Rock Tracks 26
1989 "Crossroads" Modern Rock Tracks 7
1989 "Crossroads" The Billboard Hot 100 90

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[4] 2× Platinum 140,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[5] Platinum 50,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[6] Platinum 100,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[7] Gold 30,906[7]
France (SNEP)[8] Platinum 300,000*
Germany (BVMI)[9] 2× Platinum 1,000,000^
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[10] Gold 10,000*
Netherlands (NVPI)[11] Gold 50,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[12] Platinum 15,000^
Sweden (GLF)[13] Gold 50,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[14] 2× Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[15] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[16] Platinum 1,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henderson, Alex. Crossroads at AllMusic
  2. ^ "Robert Christgau review". Robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  3. ^ Rolling Stone review Archived August 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (pdf ed.). Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. p. 54.
  5. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved October 15, 2012. Enter Tracy Chapman in the field Interpret. Enter Crossroads in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen. 
  6. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads". Music Canada. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Tracy Chapman" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  8. ^ "French album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  9. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Tracy Chapman; 'Crossroads')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1990". IFPI Hong Kong.
  11. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Tracy Chapman" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Enter Tracy Chapman in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  12. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  13. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  14. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Tracy Chapman; 'Crossroads')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  15. ^ "British album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved October 15, 2012. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Crossroads in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  16. ^ "American album certifications – Tracy Chapman – Crossroads". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 15, 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.