||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Dribbling#Association football. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2016.|
The Cruyff Turn (also spelled Cruijff Turn in the Netherlands) is an evasive football move that was named after Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff. To do this move, Cruyff would look to pass or cross the ball. Instead of kicking it, he would drag the ball behind his planted foot with the inside of his crossing foot, turn through 180 degrees, and accelerate away from the defender. This feint was executed by Cruyff in the 1974 FIFA World Cup, first being seen in the Netherlands' match against Sweden where he outwitted Swedish defender Jan Olsson. The move was soon widely copied by other players around the world. It remains one of the most commonly used dribbling tricks in the modern game.
Evidence exists of this move being carried out by Eulogio Martínez for Barcelona against Wolves in the 1960 European Cup at Molineux. The Movietone News video on Youtube shows him doing this when the clock shows 32 seconds. Cruyff was at Barcelona in 1974 when he became famous for executing the move, but it is not known whether he had seen footage of the "Martinez Turn" beforehand.
- "World Cup: 25 stunning moments … No25: the Cruyff Turn is born in 1974". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 June 2014
- "Johan Cruyff explains how to master his 'turn'". BBC. Retrieved 12 May 2014
- "All-time Top 20: No. 3 Johan Cruyff". ESPN. Retrieved 17 November 2013
- Top World Cup moments No8 - The Cruyff turn makes it debut (1974)
- British Movietone (2015-07-21), WOLVES v BARCELONA - European Cup, retrieved 2016-07-05