Curtiss XF13C

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Curtiss XF13C-3 at Langley 1937.jpg
Curtiss XF13C in 1937
Role Fighter
National origin United States
Manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
First flight 7 January 1934[1]
Number built 3

The Curtiss XF13C (Model 70) was a carrier-based fighter aircraft built by Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.

Development and design[edit]

The XF13C was a naval fighter featuring an all-metal construction, with a semi-monocoque fuselage, manually retractable landing gear and an enclosed cockpit. The aircraft was designed to facilitate conversions from biplane to monoplane and vice versa. The United States Navy bought a prototype, designated XF13C-1 when in monoplane configuration, and XF13C-2 when a biplane.[1]

The XF13C first flew in 1934 with good results realized in tests. In 1935, the aircraft received a more powerful engine and modifications to the overly tall tailplanes. The designation was changed to XF13C-3 for more flight testing.

Operational history[edit]

No production orders were received for the Curtis XF13C, but the aircraft continued to fly for NACA in experimental work, and by VWJ-1 Squadron at Quantico.[1]

Specifications (XF13C-3)[edit]

The XF13C-1 in flight, circa 1934.

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 25 ft 0 in (7.62 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.66 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9.5 in (2.66 m)
  • Wing area: 205 sq ft (19.04 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3.412 lb (1,548 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4,634 lb (2,102 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright SGR-1510-12 , 700 hp (520 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 246 mph (396 km/h, 214 kn)
  • Range: 726 mi (1,168 km, 631 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 25,250 ft (7,696 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,000 ft/min (10.16 m/s)


  • 1 × .50 in (12.7 mm) machine gun
  • 1 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine gun

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era



  1. ^ a b c d Angelucci 1987, pp. 152–153.


  • Angelucci, Enzo. The American Fighter from 1917 to the present. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.

External links[edit]

Media related to Curtiss XF13C at Wikimedia Commons